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28 Cards in this Set

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Mental Retardation
Disaility characterized by significantly below average intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive functioning that occur during the developmental period (prior to age 18) that has an adverse effect on education
Adaptive Behavior
Day to day knowledge and skills necesary for independace, including communication, self-care, social skills, home living, leisure and self direction. Deficits in adaptive behavior comprise one component of identifying students with mental retardation.
Cultural Familial Retardation
Dated view of mental retardation, usually mild, for which a specific cause could not be identified, and so it was assumed to be a resultof the family's characteristics and living conditions
Down Syndrome
Genetic cause of mental retardation in which an extra chromosome is present in the twenty-first chromosome paid. Indivuduals with Down Syndrome are usually short in stature, have straight hair and slating eyelids, and may have hearing problems or heart condition
Fragile X Syndrome
Most common form of inherited mental retardation, transmitted from mother to child and causing a mutation in one of the genes in the X chromosome. Also known as Martin-Bell Syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Prenatal, preventable cause of mild to moderate mental retardation resulting from maternal alcohol consumption. Leading cause of mental retardation.
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Inherited metabolic disorder that occurs when the body is unable to produce the chemicals needed to convert other, toxic chemicals into harmless products. Treatment includes lifelong regulation of diet.
Encephalitis
Inflammation of brain, caused by viral infection
Lead Poisoning
Preventable cause of mental retardation; caused brains to have too much lead in them
Brain Injury
any event that produces damage to brain can cause mental retardation
Mild Mental Retardation IQ
55-69
Moderate Mental Retardation IQ
40-54
Severe Mental Retardation IQ
25-39
Profound Mental Retardation IQ
Below 25
Metacognition
thinking about thinking
Generalization
the ability to learn a task and apply it in other situations
Four Levels of Support
Intermittent
Limited
Extensive
Pervasive
One Level of Support: Intermittent
As Needed
One Level of Support: Limited
time needed
One level of Support: Extensive
usually ongoing; 24/7
One level of Support: Pervasive
Lifelong
Sociograms
teacher made suvey designed to provide information regarding students and how they interact with peers
Stanford-Binet Test
Test used to assess intellectual functioning in students, measuring students overall abilities, whic hare used to predict school achievement
Life Skills Curriculum
stresses skills students with mental retardation many need throughout life
Applied Academic Skill
Skill taught to students that has immediate applicability to deny to day life; includes making change for a dollar
Community Based Instruction
experience in applying skills learned in classrooms within the larger context of the community of which they live in
Seft-Determination
students rights to make plans that reflect their wishes, not only rhe ideas of parents and professionals in determining what they do in life as they enter adulthood
Task Analysis
Systematic learning by clearly outlining steps and instructions for assignments to learn what the instructions are without doubt