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959 Cards in this Set

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abase
to humiliate, degrade
abate
to reduce, lessen
abdicate
to give up a position, usually one of leadership
abduct
to kidnap, take by force
aberration
something that differs from the norm
abet
to aid, help, encourage
abhor
to hate, detest
abide
to put up with, to remain
abject
wretched, pitiful
abjure
to reject, renounce
abnegation
denial of comfort to oneself
abrogate
to abolish, usually by authority
abscond
to sneak away and hide
absolution
freedom from blame, guilt, sin
abstain
to freely choose not to commit an action
abstruse
hard to comprehend
accede
to agree
accentuate
to stress, highlight
accessible
obtainable, reachable
acclaim
high praise
accolade
high praise, special distinction
accommodating
helpful, obliging, polite
accord
an agreement
accost
to confront verbally
accretion
slow growth in size or amount
acerbic
biting, bitter in tone or taste
acquiesce
to agree without protesting
acrimony
bitterness, discord
acumen
keen insight
acute
sharp, severe, having keen insight
adamant
impervious, immovable, unyielding
adept
extremely skilled
adhere
to stick to something, to follow devoutly
admonish
to caution, criticize, reprove
adorn
to decorate
adroit
skillful, dexterous
adulation
extreme praise
adumbrate
to sketch out in a vague way
adverse
antagonistic, unfavorable, dangerous
affable
friendly, amiable
affinity
a spontaneous feeling of closeness
affluent
rich, wealthy
affront
an insult
aggrandize
to increase or make greater
aggregate
a whole or total, to gather into a mass
aggrieved
distressed, wronged, injured
agile
quick, nimble
agnostic
believing that the existence of God cannot be proven or disproven
alacrity
eagerness, speed
allay
to soothe, ease
allege
to assert, usually without proof
alleviate
to relieve, make more bearable
aloof
reserved, distant
altercation
a dispute, fight
amalgamate
to bring together, unite
ambivalent
having opposing feelings
ameliorate
to improve
amenable
willing, compliant
amenity
an item that increases comfort
amiable
friendly
amicable
friendly
amorous
showing love, particularly sexual
amorphous
without definite shape or type
anachronistic
being out of correct chronological order
analgesic
something that reduces pain
analogous
similar to, so that an analogy can be drawn
anarchist
one who wants to eliminate all government
anathema
a cursed, detested person Vocabulary
anecdote
a short, humorous account
anesthesia
loss of sensation
anguish
extreme sadness, torment
animated
lively
annex
to incorporate territory or space ,a room attached to a larger room or space
annul
to make void or invalid
anomaly
something that does not fit into the normal order
antagonism
hostility
antecedent
something that came before
antediluvian
ancient
anthology
a selected collection of writings, songs, etc.
antipathy
a strong dislike, repugnance
antiquated
old, out of date
antiseptic
clean, sterile
antithesis
the absolute opposite
anxiety
intense uneasiness
apathetic
lacking concern, emotion
apocryphal
fictitious, false, wrong
appalling
inspiring shock, horror, disgust
appease
to calm, satisfy
appraise
to assess the worth or value of
apprehend
to seize, arrest , to perceive, understand, grasp
approbation
praise
appropriate
to take, make use of
aquatic
relating to water
arable
suitable for growing crops
arbiter
one who can resolve a dispute, make a decision
arbitration
the process or act of resolving a dispute
arboreal
of or relating to trees Vocabulary
arcane
obscure, secret, known only by a few
archaic
of or relating to an earlier period in time, outdated
archetypal
the most representative or typical example of something
ardor
extreme vigor, energy, enthusiasm
arid
excessively dry
arrogate
to take without justification
artifact
a remaining piece from an extinct culture or place
artisan
a craftsman
ascertain
to perceive, learn
ascetic
practicing restraint as a means of self-discipline, usually religious
ascribe
to assign, credit, attribute to
aspersion
a curse, expression of ill-will
aspire
to long for, aim toward
assail
to attack
assess
to evaluate
assiduous
hard-working, diligent
assuage
to ease, pacify
astute
very clever, crafty
asylum
a place of refuge, protection, a sanctuary, an institution in which the insane are kept
atone
to repent, make amends
atrophy
to wither away, decay
attain
to achieve, arrive at
attribute
to credit, assign ,a facet or trait
atypical
not typical, unusual
audacious
excessively bold
audible
able to be heard
augment
to add to, expand
auspicious
favorable, indicative of good things
austere
very bare, bleak
avarice
excessive greed
avenge
to seek revenge
aversion
a particular dislike for something
balk
to stop, block abruptly
ballad
a love song
banal
dull, commonplace
bane
a burden
bard
a poet, often a singer as well
bashful
shy, excessively timid
battery
assault, beating
beguile
to trick, deceive
behemoth
something of tremendous power or size
benevolent
marked by goodness or doing good
benign
favorable, not threatening, mild
bequeath
to pass on, give
berate
to scold vehemently
bereft
devoid of, without
beseech
to beg, plead, implore
bilk
cheat, defraud
blandish
to coax by using flattery
blemish
an imperfection, flaw
blight
a plague, disease, something that destroys hope
boisterous
loud and full of energy
bombastic
excessively confident, pompous
boon
a gift or blessing
bourgeois
a middle-class person, capitalist
brazen
excessively bold, brash
brusque
short, abrupt, dismissive
buffet
to strike with force
burnish
to polish, shine
buttress
to support, hold up, something that offers support
cacophony
tremendous noise, disharmonious sound
cadence
a rhythm, progression of sound
cajole
to urge, coax
calamity
an event with disastrous consequences
calibrate
to set, standardize
callous
harsh, cold, unfeeling
calumny
an attempt to spoil someone else’s reputation by spreading lies
camaraderie
brotherhood, jovial unity
candor
honesty, frankness
canny
shrewd, careful
canvas
to cover, inspect
capacious
very spacious
capitulate
to surrender
capricious
subject to whim, fickle
captivate
to get the attention of, hold
carouse
to party, celebrate
carp
to annoy, pester
catalyze
to charge, inspire
caucus
a meeting usually held by people working toward the same goal
caustic
bitter, biting, acidic
cavort
to leap about, behave boisterously
censure
harsh criticism, to rebuke formally
cerebral
related to the intellect
chaos
absolute disorder
chastise
to criticize severely
cherish
to feel or show affection toward something
chide
to voice disapproval
choreography
the arrangement of dances
chronicle
a written history , to write a history
chronological
arranged in order of time SAT Vocabulary
circuitous
roundabout
circumlocution
indirect and wordy language
circumscribed
marked off, bounded
circumspect
cautious
circumvent
to get around
clairvoyant
able to perceive things that normal people cannot
clamor
loud noise ,to loudly insist
clandestine
secret
cleave
to divide into parts, to stick together firmly
clemency
mercy
clergy
members of Christian holy orders
cloying
sickeningly sweet
coagulate
to thicken, clot
coalesce
to fuse into a whole
cobbler
a person who makes or repairs shoes
coerce
to make somebody do something by force or threat
cogent
intellectually convincing
cognizant
aware, mindful
coherent
logically consistent, intelligible
colloquial
characteristic of informal conversation
collusion
secret agreement, conspiracy
colossus
a gigantic statue or thing
combustion
the act or process of burning
commendation
a notice of approval or recognition
commensurate
corresponding in size or amount
commodious
roomy
compelling
forceful, demanding attention
compensate
to make an appropriate payment for something
complacency
self-satisfied ignorance of danger
complement
to complete, make perfect
compliant
ready to adapt oneself to another’s wishes
complicit
being an accomplice in a wrongful act
compliment
an expression of esteem or approval
compunction
distress caused by feeling guilty
conciliatory
friendly, agreeable
concomitant
accompanying in a subordinate fashion
concord
harmonious agreement
condolence
an expression of sympathy in sorrow
condone
to pardon, deliberately overlook
conduit
a pipe or channel through which something passes
confection
a sweet, fancy food
confidant
a person entrusted with secrets
conflagration
great fire
confluence
a gathering together
conformist
one who behaves the same as others
confound
to frustrate, confuse
congeal
to thicken into a solid
congenial
pleasantly agreeable
congregation
a gathering of people, especially for religious services
congruity
the quality of being in agreement
connive
to plot, scheme
consecrate
to dedicate something to a holy purpose
consensus
an agreement of opinion
consign
to give something over to another’s care
consolation
an act of comforting
consonant
in harmony
constituent
an essential part
constrain
to forcibly restrict
construe
to interpret
consummate
to complete a deal
consumption
the act of consuming
contemporaneous
existing during the same time
contentious
having a tendency to quarrel or dispute
contravene
to contradict, oppose, violate
contrite
penitent, eager to be forgiven
contusion
bruise, injury
conundrum
puzzle, problem
convene
to call together
convivial
characterized by feasting, drinking, merriment
convoluted
intricate, complicated
copious
profuse, abundant
cordial
warm, affectionate
coronation
the act of crowning
corpulence
extreme fatness
corroborate
to support with evidence
corrosive
having the tendency to erode or eat away
cosmopolitan
sophisticated, worldly
counteract
to neutralize, make ineffective
coup
a brilliant, unexpected act , the overthrow of a government and assumption of authority
covet
to desire enviously SAT Vocabulary
covert
secretly engaged in
credulity
readiness to believe
crescendo
a steady increase in intensity or volume
criteria
standards by which something is judged
culmination
the climax toward which something progresses
culpable
deserving blame
cultivate
to nurture, improve, refine
cumulative
increasing, building upon itself
cunning
sly, clever at being deceitful
cupidity
greed, strong desire
cursory
brief to the point of being superficial
curt
abruptly and rudely short
curtail
to lessen, reduce
daunting
intimidating, causing one to lose courage
dearth
a lack, scarcity
debacle
a disastrous failure, disruption SAT Vocabulary
debase
to lower the quality or esteem of something
debauch
to corrupt by means of sensual pleasures
debunk
to expose the falseness of something
decorous
socially proper, appropriate
decry
to criticize openly
deface
to ruin or injure something’s appearance
defamatory
harmful toward another’s reputation
defer
to postpone something
deferential
showing respect for another’s authority
defile
to make unclean, impure
deft
skillful, capable
defunct
no longer used or existing
delegate
to hand over responsibility for something
deleterious
harmful
deliberate
intentional, reflecting careful consideration
delineate
to describe, outline, shed light on
demagogue
a leader who appeals to a people’s prejudices
demarcation
the marking of boundaries or categories
demean
to lower the status or stature of something
demure
quiet, modest, reserved
denigrate
to belittle, diminish the opinion of
denounce
to criticize publicly
deplore
to feel or express sorrow, disapproval
depravity
wickedness
deprecate
to belittle, depreciate
derelict
abandoned, run-down
deride
to laugh at mockingly, scorn
derivative
taken directly from a source, unoriginal
desecrate
to violate the sacredness of a thing or place
desiccated
dried up, dehydrated
desolate
deserted, dreary, lifeless
despondent
feeling depressed, discouraged, hopeless
despot
one who has total power and rules brutally
destitute
impoverished, utterly lacking
deter
to discourage, prevent from doing
devious
not straightforward, deceitful
dialect
a variation of a language
diaphanous
light, airy, transparent
didactic
intended to instruct, overly moralistic
diffident
shy, quiet, modest
dilatory
tending to delay, causing delay
diminutive
small or miniature
dirge
a mournful song, especially for a funeral
disaffected
rebellious, resentful of authority
disavow
to deny knowledge of or responsibility for
discern
to perceive, detect
disclose
to reveal, make public
discomfit
to thwart, baffle
discordant
not agreeing, not in harmony with
discretion
the quality of being reserved in speech or action
discursive
rambling, lacking order
disdain
to scorn, hold in low esteem , scorn, low esteem
disgruntled
upset, not content
disheartened
feeling a loss of spirit or morale
disparage
to criticize or speak ill of
disparate
sharply differing, containing sharply contrasting elements
dispatch
to send off to accomplish a duty
dispel
to drive away, scatter
disperse
to scatter, cause to scatter
disrepute
a state of being held in low regard
dissemble
to conceal, fake
disseminate
to spread widely
dissent
to disagree
dissipate
to disappear, cause to disappear , to waste
dissonance
lack of harmony or consistency
dissuade
to persuade someone not to do something
distend
to swell out
dither
to be indecisive
divine
godly, exceedingly wonderful
divisive
causing dissent, discord
divulge
to reveal something secret
docile
easily taught or trained
dogmatic
aggressively and arrogantly certain about unproved principles
dormant
sleeping, temporarily inactive
dour
stern, joyless
dubious
doubtful, of uncertain quality
duplicity
crafty dishonesty
duress
hardship, threat
dynamic
actively changing
ebullient
extremely lively, enthusiastic
eclectic
consisting of a diverse variety of elements
ecstatic
intensely and overpoweringly happy
edict
an order, decree
efface
to wipe out, obliterate, rub away
effervescent
bubbly, lively
efficacious
effective
effrontery
impudence, nerve, insolence
effulgent
radiant, splendorous
egregious
extremely bad
elaborate
complex, detailed, intricate
elated
overjoyed, thrilled
elegy
a speech given in honor of a dead person
elicit
to bring forth, draw out, evoke
eloquent
expressive, articulate, moving
elucidate
to clarify, explain
elude
to evade, escape
emaciated
very thin, enfeebled looking
embellish
to decorate, adorn Vocabulary
emend
to correct or revise a written text
eminent
distinguished, prominent, famous
emollient
soothing
emote
to express emotion
empathy
sensitivity to another’s feelings as if they were one’s own
empirical
based on observation or experience, capable of being proved or disproved by experiment
emulate
to imitate
enamor
to fill with love, fascinate, usually used in passive form followed by “of” or “with”
encore
the audience’s demand for a repeat performance
encumber
to weigh down, burden
enervate
to weaken, exhaust
enfranchise
to grant the vote to
engender
to bring about, create, generate
enigmatic
mystifying, cryptic
enmity
ill will, hatred, hostility
ennui
boredom, weariness
entail
to include as a necessary step
enthrall
to charm, hold spellbound
ephemeral
short-lived, fleeting
epistolary
relating to or contained in letters
epitome
a perfect example, embodiment
equanimity
composure
equivocal
ambiguous, uncertain, undecided
erudite
learned
eschew
to shun, avoid
esoteric
understood by only a select few
espouse
to take up as a cause, support
ethereal
heavenly, exceptionally delicate or refined
etymology
the history of words, their origin and development
euphoric
elated, uplifted
evanescent
fleeting, momentary
evince
to show, reveal
exacerbate
to make more violent, intense
exalt
to glorify, praise
exasperate
to irritate, irk
excavate
to dig out of the ground and remove
exculpate
to free from guilt or blame, exonerate
excursion
a trip or outing
execrable
loathsome, detestable
exhort
to urge, prod, spur
exigent
urgent, critical
exonerate
to free from guilt or blame, exculpate
exorbitant
excessive
expedient
advisable, advantageous, serving one’s self-interest
expiate
to make amends for, atone
expunge
to obliterate, eradicate
expurgate
to remove offensive or incorrect parts, usually of a book
extant
existing, not destroyed or lost
extol
to praise, revere
extraneous
irrelevant, extra, not necessary
extricate
to disentangle
exult
to rejoice
fabricate
to make up, invent
façade
the wall of a building , a deceptive appearance or attitude
facile
easy, requiring little effort, superficial, achieved with minimal thought or care, insincere
fallacious
incorrect, misleading
fastidious
meticulous, demanding, having high and often unattainable standards
fathom
to understand, comprehend
fatuous
silly, foolish
fecund
fruitful, fertile
felicitous
well suited, apt , delightful, pleasing
feral
wild, savage
fervent
ardent, passionate
fetid
having a foul odor
fetter
to chain, restrain
fickle
shifting in character, inconstant
fidelity
loyalty, devotion
figurative
symbolic
flabbergasted
astounded
flaccid
limp, not firm or strong
flagrant
offensive, egregious
florid
flowery, ornate
flout
to disregard or disobey openly
foil
to thwart, frustrate, defeat
forage
to graze, rummage for food
forbearance
patience, restraint, toleration
forestall
to prevent, thwart, delay
forlorn
lonely, abandoned, hopeless
forsake
to give up, renounce
fortitude
strength, guts
fortuitous
happening by chance, often lucky or fortunate
forum
a medium for lecture or discussion
foster
to stimulate, promote, encourage
fractious
troublesome or irritable
fraught
(usually used with “with”) filled or accompanied with
frenetic
frenzied, hectic, frantic
frivolous
of little importance, trifling
frugal
thrifty, economical
furtive
secretive, sly
garish
gaudy, in bad taste
garrulous
talkative, wordy
genial
friendly, affable
gluttony
overindulgence in food or drink
goad
to urge, spur, incite to action
gourmand
someone fond of eating and drinking
grandiloquence
lofty, pompous language
grandiose
on a magnificent or exaggerated scale
gratuitous
uncalled for, unwarranted
gregarious
drawn to the company of others, sociable
grievous
injurious, hurtful
guile
deceitful, cunning, sly behavior
hackneyed
unoriginal, trite
hallowed
revered, consecrated
hapless
unlucky
harangue
a ranting speech
hardy
robust, capable of surviving through adverse conditions
harrowing
greatly distressing, vexing
haughty
disdainfully proud
hedonist
one who believes pleasure should be the primary pursuit of humans
hegemony
domination over others
heinous
shockingly wicked, repugnant
heterogeneous
varied, diverse in character
hiatus
a break or gap in duration or continuity
hierarchy
a system with ranked groups, usually according to social, economic, or professional class
hypocrisy
pretending to believe what one does not
hypothetical
supposed or assumed true, but unproven
iconoclast
one who attacks common beliefs or institutions
idiosyncratic
peculiar to one person
idolatrous
excessively worshipping one object or person
ignominious
humiliating, disgracing
illicit
forbidden, not permitted
immerse
to absorb, deeply involve, engross
immutable
not changeable
impassive
stoic, not susceptible to suffering
impeccable
exemplary, flawless
impecunious
poor
imperative
necessary, pressing , a rule, command, or order
imperious
commanding, domineering
impertinent
rude, insolent
impervious
impenetrable, incapable of being affected
impetuous
rash
impinge
to impact, affect, make an impression , to encroach, infringe
implacable
incapable of being appeased or mitigated
implicate
to involve in an incriminating way, incriminate
implicit
understood but not outwardly obvious, implied
impregnable
resistant to capture or penetration
impudent
casually rude, insolent, impertinent
impute
to ascribe, blame
inane
silly and meaningless
inarticulate
incapable of expressing oneself clearly through speech
incarnate
existing in the flesh, embodied ,to give human form to
incendiary
a person who agitates, inflammatory, causing combustion
incessant
unending
inchoate
unformed or formless, in a beginning stage
incisive
clear, sharp, direct
inclination
a tendency, propensity
incontrovertible
indisputable
incorrigible
incapable of correction, delinquent
increment
an enlargement
incumbent
one who holds an office , obligatory
indefatigable
incapable of defeat, failure, decay
indigenous
originating in a region
indigent
very poor, impoverished
indignation
anger sparked by something unjust or unfair
indolent
lazy
indomitable
not capable of being conquered
induce
to bring about, stimulate
ineffable
unspeakable, incapable of being expressed through words
inept
not suitable or capable, unqualified
inexorable
incapable of being persuaded or placated
inextricable
hopelessly tangled or entangled
infamy
notoriety, extreme ill repute
infusion
an injection of one substance into another
ingenious
clever, resourceful
ingenuous
not devious
inhibit
to prevent, restrain, stop
inimical
hostile, enemy like
iniquity
wickedness or sin
injunction
an order of official warning
innate
inborn, native, inherent
innocuous
harmless, inoffensive
innovate
to do something in an unprecedented way
innuendo
an insinuation
inoculate
to introduce a microorganism, serum, or vaccine into an organism in
order to increase immunity to illness
to vaccinate
insatiable
incapable of being satisfied
insidious
appealing but imperceptibly harmful, seductive
insinuate
to suggest indirectly or subtly
insipid
dull, boring
insolent
rude, arrogant, overbearing
instigate
to urge, goad
insular
separated and narrow-minded
insurgent
one who rebels
integral
necessary for completeness
interject
to insert between other things
interlocutor
someone who participates in a dialogue or conversation
interminable
without possibility of end
intimation
an indirect suggestion
intractable
difficult to manipulate, unmanageable
intransigent
refusing to compromise, often on an extreme opinion
intrepid
brave in the face of danger
inundate
to flood with abundance
inure
to cause someone or something to become accustomed to a situation
invective
an angry verbal attack
inveterate
stubbornly established by habit
inviolable
secure from assault
irascible
easily angered
iridescent
showing rainbow colors
irreverence
disrespect
irrevocable
incapable of being taken back
jubilant
extremely joyful, happy
judicious
having or exercising sound judgment
juxtaposition
the act of placing two things next to each other for implicit comparison
knell
the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death
kudos
praise for an achievement
laceration
a cut, tear
laconic
terse in speech or writing
languid
sluggish from fatigue or weakness
larceny
obtaining another’s property by theft or trickery
largess
the generous giving of lavish gifts
hidden, but capable of being exposed
laudatory
expressing admiration or praise
lavish
given without limits, to give without limits
legerdemain
deception, slight-of-hand
lenient
demonstrating tolerance or gentleness
lethargic
in a state of sluggishness or apathy
liability
something for which one is legally responsible, usually involving a disadvantage or risk, a handicap, burden
libertarian
advocating principles of liberty and free will
licentious
displaying a lack of moral or legal restraints
limpid
clear, transparent
linchpin
something that holds separate parts together
lithe
graceful, flexible, supple
litigant
someone engaged in a lawsuit
lucid
clear, easily understandable
luminous
brightly shining
lurid
ghastly, sensational
maelstrom
a destructive whirlpool which rapidly sucks in objects
magnanimous
noble, generous
malediction
a curse
malevolent
wanting harm to befall others
malleable
capable of being shaped or transformed
mandate
an authoritative command
manifest
easily understandable, obvious , to show plainly
manifold
diverse, varied
maudlin
weakly sentimental
maverick
an independent, nonconformist person
mawkish
characterized by sick sentimentality
maxim
a common saying expressing a principle of conduct
meager
deficient in size or quality
medley
a mixture of differing things
mendacious
having a lying, false character
mercurial
characterized by rapid change or temperamentality
meritorious
worthy of esteem or reward
metamorphosis
the change of form, shape, substance
meticulous
extremely careful with details
mitigate
to make less violent, alleviate
modicum
a small amount of something
modulate
to pass from one state to another, especially in music
mollify
to soften in temper
morass
a wet swampy bog
mores
the moral attitudes and fixed customs of a group of people.
morose
gloomy or sullen
multifarious
having great diversity or variety
mundane
concerned with the world rather than with heaven, commonplace
munificence
generosity in giving
mutable
able to change
myriad
consisting of a very great number
nadir
the lowest point of something
nascent
in the process of being born or coming into existence
nebulous
vaguely defined, cloudy
nefarious
heinously villainous
negligent
habitually careless, neglectful
neophyte
someone who is young or inexperienced
nocturnal
relating to or occurring during the night
noisome
unpleasant, offensive, especially to the sense of smell
nomadic
wandering from place to place
nominal
trifling, insignificant
nonchalant
having a lack of concern, indifference
nondescript
lacking a distinctive character
notorious
widely and unfavorably known
novice
a beginner, someone without training or experience
noxious
harmful, unwholesome
nuance
a slight variation in meaning, tone, expression
nurture
to assist the development of
obdurate
unyielding to persuasion or moral influences
obfuscate
to render incomprehensible
oblique
diverging from a straight line or course, not straightforward
oblivious
lacking consciousness or awareness of something
obscure
unclear, partially hidden
obsequious
excessively compliant or submissive
obsolete
no longer used, out of date
obstinate
not yielding easily, stubborn
obstreperous
noisy, unruly
obtuse
lacking quickness of sensibility or intellect
odious
instilling hatred or intense displeasure
officious
offering one’s services when they are neither wanted nor needed
ominous
foreboding or foreshadowing evil
onerous
burdensome
opulent
characterized by rich abundance verging on ostentation
oration
a speech delivered in a formal or ceremonious manner
ornate
highly elaborate, excessively decorated
orthodox
conventional, conforming to established protocol
ostensible
appearing as such, seemingly
ostentatious
excessively showy, glitzy
ostracism
exclusion from a group
pacific
soothing
palatable
agreeable to the taste or sensibilities
palette
a range of colors or qualities
palliate
to reduce the severity of
pallid
lacking color
panacea
a remedy for all ills or difficulties
paradigm
an example that is a perfect pattern or model
paradox
an apparently contradictory statement that is perhaps true
paragon
a model of excellence or perfection
paramount
greatest in importance, rank, character
pariah
an outcast
parody
a satirical imitation
parsimony
frugality, stinginess
partisan
a follower, adherent
patent
readily seen or understood, clear
pathology
a deviation from the normal
pathos
an emotion of sympathy
paucity
small in quantity
pejorative
derogatory, uncomplimentary
pellucid
easily intelligible, clear
penchant
a tendency, partiality, preference
penitent
remorseful, regretful
penultimate
next to last
penurious
miserly, stingy
perfidious
disloyal, unfaithful
perfunctory
showing little interest or enthusiasm
permeate
to spread throughout, saturate
pernicious
extremely destructive or harmful
perplex
to confuse
perspicacity
shrewdness, perceptiveness
pert
flippant, bold
pertinacious
stubbornly persistent
perusal
a careful examination, review
pervasive
having the tendency to spread throughout
petulance
rudeness, irritability
philanthropic
charitable, giving
phlegmatic
uninterested, unresponsive
pillage
to seize or plunder, especially in war
pinnacle
the highest point
pithy
concisely meaningful
pittance
a very small amount, especially relating to money
placate
to ease the anger of, soothe
placid
calm, peaceful
platitude
an uninspired remark, cliché
plaudits
enthusiastic approval, applause
plausible
believable, reasonable
plenitude
an abundance
plethora
an abundance, excess
pliable
flexible
poignant
deeply affecting, moving
polemic
an aggressive argument against a specific opinion
portent
an omen
potable
suitable for drinking
potentate
one who has great power, a ruler
pragmatic
practical
precipice
the face of a cliff, a steep or overhanging place
preclude
to prevent
precocious
advanced, developing ahead of time
predilection
a preference or inclination for something
preponderance
superiority in importance or quantity
prepossessing
occupying the mind to the exclusion of other thoughts or feelings
presage
an omen
prescient
to have foreknowledge of events
prescribe
to lay down a rule
presumptuous
disrespectfully bold
pretense
an appearance or action intended to deceive
primeval
original, ancient
privation
lacking basic necessities
probity
virtue, integrity
proclivity
a strong inclination toward something
procure
to obtain, acquire
profane
lewd, indecent
profligate
dissolute, extravagant
profuse
plentiful, abundant
promulgate
to proclaim, make known
propagate
to multiply, spread out
propensity
an inclination, preference
propitious
favorable
propriety
the quality or state of being proper, decent
prosaic
plain, lacking liveliness
proscribe
to condemn, outlaw
protean
able to change shape
prowess
extraordinary ability
prudence
cautious, circumspect
prurient
eliciting or possessing an extraordinary interest in sex
puerile
juvenile, immature
pugnacious
quarrelsome, combative
pulchritude
physical beauty
punctilious
eager to follow rules or conventions
pungent
having a pointed, sharp quality—often used to describe smells
punitive
involving punishment
putrid
rotten, foul
quagmire
a difficult situation
quaint
charmingly old-fashioned
quandary
a perplexed, unresolvable state
quell
to control or diffuse a potentially explosive situation
querulous
whiny, complaining
quixotic
idealistic, impractical
quotidian
daily
rail
to scold, protest
rancid
having a terrible taste or smell
rancor
deep, bitter resentment
rapport
mutual understanding and harmony
raucous
loud, boisterous
raze
to demolish, level
rebuke
to scold, criticize
recalcitrant
defiant, unapologetic
recapitulate
to sum up, repeat
reciprocate
to give in return
reclusive
solitary, shunning society
reconcile
to return to harmony , to make consistentwith existing ideas
rectitude
uprightness, extreme morality
redoubtable
formidable, commanding respect
refract
to distort, change
refurbish
to restore, clean up
refute
to prove wrong
regurgitate
to vomit
relegate
to assign to the proper place
relish
to enjoy
remedial
intended to repair gaps in students’ basic knowledge
remiss
negligent, failing to take care
renown
honor, acclaim
renunciation
to reject
repentant
penitent, sorry
replete
full, abundant
repose
to rest, lie down
reprehensible
deserving rebuke
reprieve
a temporary delay of punishment
reproach
to scold, disapprove
reprobate
evil, unprincipled
reprove
to scold, rebuke
repudiate
to reject, refuse to accept
repulse
to disgust , to push back
reputable
of good reputation
requisition
a demand for goods, usually made by an authority
rescind
to take back, repeal
resilient
able to recover from misfortune
resolute
firm, determined
resolve
to find a solution
respite
a break, rest
resplendent
shiny, glowing
restitution
restoration to the rightful owner
restive
resistant, stubborn, impatient
retract
withdraw
revel
to enjoy intensely
revere
to esteem, show deference, venerate
revoke
to take back
rhapsodize
to engage in excessive enthusiasm
ribald
coarsely, crudely humorous
rife
abundant
ruminate
to contemplate, reflect
ruse
a trick
saccharine
sickeningly sweet
sacrosanct
holy, something that should not be criticized
sagacity
shrewdness, soundness of perspective
salient
significant, conspicuous
salutation
a greeting
salve
a soothing balm
sanctimonious
giving a hypocritical appearance of piety
sanguine
optimistic, cheery
satiate
to satisfy excessively
scathing
sharp, critical, hurtful
scintillating
sparkling
scrupulous
painstaking, careful
scurrilous
vulgar, coarse
sedentary
sitting, settled
semaphore
a visual signal
seminal
original, important, creating a field
sensual
involving sensory gratification, usually related to sex
sensuous
involving sensory gratification
serendipity
luck, finding good things without looking for them
serene
calm, untroubled
servile
subservient
sinuous
lithe, serpentine
sobriety
sedate, calm
solicitous
concerned, attentive
solipsistic
believing that oneself is all that exists
soluble
able to dissolve
solvent
a substance that can dissolve other substances , able to pay debts
somnolent
sleepy, drowsy
sophomoric
immature, uninformed
sovereign
having absolute authority in a certain realm
speculative
not based in fact
spurious
false but designed to seem plausible
stagnate
to become or remain inactive, not develop, not flow
staid
sedate, serious, self-restrained
stingy
not generous, not inclined to spend or give
stoic
unaffected by passion or feeling
stolid
expressing little sensibility, unemotional
strenuous
requiring tremendous energy or stamina
strident
harsh, loud
stupefy
to astonish, make insensible
subjugate
to bring under control, subdue
sublime
lofty, grand, exalted
submissive
easily yielding to authority
succinct
marked by compact precision
superfluous
exceeding what is necessary
surfeit
an overabundant supply or indulgence
surmise
to infer with little evidence
surreptitious
stealthy
surrogate
one acting in place of another
swarthy
of dark color or complexion
sycophant
one who flatters for self-gain
tacit
expressed without words
taciturn
not inclined to talk
tangential
incidental, peripheral, divergent
tantamount
equivalent in value or significance
tedious
dull, boring
temerity
audacity, recklessness
temperance
moderation in action or thought
tenable
able to be defended or maintained
tenuous
having little substance or strength
terrestrial
relating to the land
timorous
timid, fearful
tirade
a long speech marked by harsh or biting language
toady
one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors
tome
a large book
torpid
lethargic, dormant, lacking motion
torrid
giving off intense heat, passionate
tortuous
winding
tractable
easily controlled
tranquil
calm
transgress
to violate, go over a limit
transient
passing through briefly
transmute
to change or alter in form
travesty
a grossly inferior imitation
tremulous
fearful
trenchant
effective, articulate, clear-cut
trepidation
fear, apprehension
trite
not original, overused
truculent
ready to fight, cruel
truncate
to shorten by cutting off
turgid
swollen, excessively embellished in style or language
turpitude
depravity, moral corruption
ubiquitous
existing everywhere, widespread
umbrage
resentment, offense
uncanny
of supernatural character or origin
unctuous
smooth or greasy in texture, appearance, manner
undulate
to move in waves
upbraid
to criticize or scold severely
usurp
to seize by force, take possession of without right
utilitarian
relating to or aiming at usefulness
utopia
an imaginary and remote place of perfection
vacillate
to fluctuate, hesitate
vacuous
lack of content or ideas, stupid
validate
to confirm, support, corroborate
vapid
lacking liveliness, dull
variegated
diversified, distinctly marked
vehemently
marked by intense force or emotion
veneer
a superficial or deceptively attractive appearance, façade
venerable
deserving of respect because of age or achievement
venerate
to regard with respect or to honor
veracity
truthfulness, accuracy
verbose
wordy, impaired by wordiness
verdant
green in tint or color
vestige
a mark or trace of something lost or vanished
vex
to confuse or annoy
vicarious
experiencing through another
vicissitude
event that occurs by chance
vigilant
watchful, alert
vilify
to lower in importance, defame
vindicate
to avenge
vindictive
vengeful
virtuoso
one who excels in an art
viscous
not free flowing, syrupy
vitriolic