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323 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
impedir
to stop something
sobrar
to be left over
faltar
to lack/ to be absent
caerse
to fall
caerle
to like (a person)
gustar
to like (a thing or a person’s work or as a professional, otherwise its means to be attracted to someone)
encantar
“bumper sticker love” ie I love new york
amarle
poetic love
querer
sentimental love
quedar
to have left
quedarse
to stay
convenirle a uno
to be convenient
convener
en to agree to
importarle a uno
to matter to (someone)
importar + direct object
to import
interesarle a uno
to interest
interesarse por/en
to be interested in
parecerle a uno
to seem to someone
parecerse a
to look like
pasarle a uno
to happen
pasar + direct object
to pass
tocarle a uno
to be one’s turn
sentarle bien a uno
to suit
acostumbrarse a algó
to get used to something
bajarse
to get off something
bajar
to lower
burlarse de alguien
to make fun of someone
enforzarse por hacer algo
make an effort to do something
enterarse de algo
to find out something
fiarse de alguien
to trust someone
encontrarse con alguien
to meet someone (not for the first time)
meterse con alguien
mess with someone
parecerse a alguien o algo
look like someone/something
ponerse a hacer algo
to start to do something
ladrar
bark
quedarse con algo
to keep something
acordarse de algo
to remember something
citarse con alguien
to make a date with someone
alejarse de
to move away from something
harto
tired of(fed up with)
callado/a
quiet
limosnero
beggar
sordo
deaf
listo/a
clever with ser, ready with estar
maduro/a
mature with ser, ripe with estar
rico/a
wealthy with ser, delicious with estar
vivo/a
bright with ser, alive with estar
emocionado/a
excited
apenarle a alguien
to make one sad
temporada
season
presenciar
to witness
transcurso
the course of time
público
audience
tapar
to cover
como si nada
as if nothing were going on
tratarse
to be about
crier
to breed
estar de regreso/de vuelta
to be back
cómodo
comfortable
apenarle +verb + eso/ darle pena+verb eso
to be sad to verb that
averiar
to break
averiado
broken
agobiar
to overwhelm
agobiado
overwhelmed
divagar
to digress, to wander
empacar
to pack
recoger
to pick up an object, to tidy up a house, to collect
el baúl
trunk
estar a favor de
to be for, to be in favor of
estar ausente
to be absent
estar de acuerdo con
to agree with
estar de huelga
to be on strike
estar de luto
to be in mourning
estar de pie
to be standing
estar de regreso
to be back
estar de rodillas
to be kneeling
estar de vacaciones
to be on vacation
estar de viaje
to be traveling
estar de visita
to be visiting
estar de vuelta
to be back
estar en contra de
to be against
tener cuidado
to be careful
tener en cuenta que
to bear in mind that
tener éxito
to be successful, succeed
tener la culpa
to be guilty
tener lugar
to take place
tener prisa
to be in a hurry
tener razón
to be right
tener sed
to be thirsty
tener sueño
to be sleepy
tener vergu:enza
to be ashamed
acabar
to finish (Acabé la tarea)
acabar de(+inf.)
to finish doing something(present or subjunctive: acabé de poner la mesa, cuando acabes de lavar los platos, sécalos y guárdalos) to have just (present and imperfect indicative) acabo de comer, acabábamos de terminar (we had just finished.
Acabarse
to end, finish, use up, or eat up[reflexive], to be no more, run out of(accidental se) Me acabé el pan, Se acabó el azúcar, se acabaron los limones, se nos acabó la leche.
aplicar
to apply (ointment) instuctions:aplicar la crema cuatro veces al día
aplicación
application (of a theory, of a medication, of one’s efforts)
solicitor
to apply (for a job, loan, fellowship, university)
la solicitud
application(form for job, university, loan, etc.)
pedir algo(without a preposition)
to ask for something (Me pidieron dinero.)
pedir que
to ask to ( Le pedí que me despertara.)
preguntar: “…?”
to ask “…?” (Me preguntó, “Qué hora es?”)
preguntar si…, qué..., cuándo..., etc.
to ask if...what...when...etc (Le pregntaré si tiene un mapa)
hacer una pregunta
to ask a question
el pedido
request, order
la cuestión
matter, question
en- estoy en casa, estoy en la casa de mi hermano., me quedé en su apartamento, comimos en ese restaurante.
the quivalent of “at” refering to static location in space, or in the confines of a certain location.
A: vamos a casa, viajamos a Puerto Rico
movement “to” a destination ( we are going home)
A: la clase es a las diez
the usual equivalent of “at” referring to time of day.(class is at ten)
en este moment
at this moment
a veces
at times
a la puerta
at (outside) the door
en la puerta
at (inside) the door
tirar a, lanzar a
to throw at
vender a un precio
to sell at a price
a mi lado
at my side
asistir a
to attend ( a class, formal meeting, conference, etc.)
la asistencia
attendance, audience ( la asistencia a clase es un requisito, Había un desconocido en la asistencia.)
desconocido
stranger
atender
to assist, serve (someone), pay attention to , tend to (En qué puedo atenderlo?)
atento(a)
attentive, well-mannered, polite, kind)
Por, a causa de (lo hice por mi hermano, No salimos a causa de la tormenta)
“because of”, used with nouns, but can have other meanings
Por (dejó su carrera por ella, Vendrán temprano por eso)
“because used with pronouns”
Por NOT a causa de( Me enfermé por comer tanto)
“because” with an infinitivo (same subject)
Porque (No salí porque estaba lloviendo)
“because” with a conjugated verb alter
alegrarse
to become happy, be glad
callarse
to become quiet, keep silent, shut up
calmarse
to become calm, calm down
cansarse
to get tired
empobrecerse
to become poor
enfermarse
to get sick
enfurecerse
to become furious
enloquecerse
to go mad, become crazy
enojarse
to get angry
enriquecerse
to become rich
entristecerse
to become sad
envejecerse
to become old
mejorarse
to get better, improve
tranquilizarse
to become calm, calm down
ponerse(+serio, pálido, triste, etc)
to become an involuntary and passing physical state(sad, serious, pale, etc.)
hacerse (+abogado, medico, etc.)
to become (a profession)
llegar a ser (+famoso, rico, etc)
to become something of high importante or personal status
convertirse en
to become or turn into by physical transformation
pero (tengo suficiente dinero, pero no quiero ir, DO NOT USE PERO AT THE BEGINNING OF A SENTENCE FOLLOWED BY A COMMA, use “sin embargo”)
but (nevertheless) I have enough money, but I do not want to go.
sino (No es antipático, sino serio.)
but (rather, but instead-when contrasting with a negative in the first part.) He is not disagreeable, but (rather) serious.
sino que (No se lo vendi, sino que se lo regale)
but (rather, but instead-when contrasting with a negative in the first part, followed by a verb) I did not sell it to him, but gave it to him(instead).
venir (decidieron venire a vernos)
to come(towards the speaker) They decided to come see us.
ir (Voy!)
to go (away from the speaker, frequently “to come” in English) I am coming!
llegar (los huéspedes llegaron esta mañana.)
to arrive, to get someplace (The guests arrived (got here) this morning.)
llegar tarde, temprano
to be late, early
lamento haber llegado tarde
I am sorry I am late
despedir
to fire, dismiss
despedirse
to say goodbye
éxito
success
tener éxito
to be successful
la salida
exit
el suceso
event
ir
to go (toward a specific destination)
irse/marcharse
to leave (direction away from some understood location), to leave in a more permanent sense
salir
to go out-used with an enclosed building, when one is expected to return, used with travel and transportation
salida
departure (of a flight, etc.)
dejar (+noun or pronoun) (transitive) Dejé las maletas en el taxi.
to leave (someone or something) I left the suitcases in the taxicab.
dejar(+inf.) No me dejó pagar nada.
to let : She did not let me pay for anything.
dejar de(+inf.) De repente dejaron de hablar.
to stop : Suddenly, they stopped talking.
el guía
guide (person)
la guía
guide (guidebook or female guide)
aprender
to aquire knowledge
enterarse de
to find out, discover something accidentally or intentionally
averiguar
to find out (info by investigation)
saber [ preterite]
to find out, learn about (something) by chance
concocer [ preterite]
to meet, make (someone’s) acquaintance
encontrarse (con): Me entrontré con ella para almorzar. Nos entrontraremos en el restaurante.
to meet (by appointment, by chance): I met her for lunch. We shall meet at the restaurant.
encontrar
to find
toparse con
to meet (run into , meet by chance)
tropezarse con
to meet (run into, run across, stumble upon)
el orden
order, organization, neatness
la orden(órdenes)
order, request
pensar en
to think about (someone or something)
pensar de (Qué piensas de este hotel?)
to think (something [opinion] about someone or something) only used in direct or indirect interrogatives.) What do you think about this hotel?
pensar (+inf.)
to think about, plan on (doing something)
correr
to run (a person)
andar/funcionar
to run, to work (a mechanical device)
poner en marcha/arrancar (puse el auto en marcha/Mi coche no arranca)
to start (a motor)
salir corriendo
to run out (of somewhere)
acabársele a uno
to run out (of something)
apagarse
to go out (a light)
hacer ejercicio
to work out
resolver un problema
to work out a problem
dar con, tropezar con
to run across something
atravesar corriendo
run across a room or place
escurrir, gotear
run down (as liquid runs down a surface)
descargarse
run out ( a battery)
acabarse la cuerda
to run down ( a watch)
apagar
to turn out (a light)
las cosas salen bien/ mal/etc.
things turn out right/wrong/etc.
passive voice with resultant condition – ser
The action or who did it is focused on
passive voice with resultant condition – estar
The result of the action is focused on
time counting back from the present
hace + amount of time + que + action verb present tense/ llevo(llevas, lleva, etc….) + amount of time + action verb form(1.affirmative: present participle 2. Don’t use estar! 3.Negative: sin + infinitive)
time counting back from a moment in the past
Hacía + amount of time + action verb form(imperfect tense)/ llevaba(llevabas, etc..) + amount of time + action verb from(affirmative: present participle (not estar), negative: sin +infinitive)
time: ago- present context (He left three years ago)
hace + time + que+ preterite ( Hace tres años que se fue)
time: ago – past context(He had left three years ago)
hacía + time +que + había/habían + -ado, -ido (Hacía tres años que se había ido.)
time : things that “Were happening” with an action verb (What were you doing three hours ago?)
Qué estabas haciendo hace tres horas?(use progressive form)
Time: things that “were happening” with a non-action verb (where were you thirty minutes ago)
Dónde estaba usted hace treinta minutos?(use non-progressive form)
to take advantage
abuser
to abuse
maltratar
to place, to arrange
acomodar
to accommodate
complacer
present
actual
actual
verdadero
apply for(a job)
solicitor
augment in value
apreciar
appreciate
agradecer
sand
la arena
arena
estadio
to take on
asumir
to assume
suponer
to attend
asistir
camp
campamento
personality
carácter
character(literary)
personaje
private high school
colegio
necklace
collar
collar
cuello
lecture
conferencia
conference
consulta
congested with a cold
constipado
constipated
enstreñido
anger, rage
coraje
courage
valor, valentía
matter
cuestión
ritual or folkloric dance
danza
dance
baile
disappointment
decepción
deception
engaño
to sue
demander
to demand
exigir
different
distinto
distinct
particular, marcado
actual
efectivo
effective
efficaz
embarrassed
avergonzado
elementary school
escuela
school(as in law)
facultad
sentence
frase
phrase
expression
soccer goal, scored point
gol
goal
meta, objective, fin
funny
gracioso
gracious
cortés, amable
degree, stage
grado
grade
nota
not to know
ignorar
to ignore
no hacer caso
innocence
ingenuidad
ingenuity
ingeniosidad
uninhabitable
inhabitable
habitable
habitable
long
largo
large
grande
reading
lectura
cloth
tela
material (not cloth)
material
number
número
paper(term paper)
trabajo escrito
relatives
parientes
sorrow, grief
pena
pain
dolor
policy, politics
política
to try
procurar
to procure
obtener, conseguir
nation, common people
pueblo
calm, still
quieto
quiet
silencioso
to remove
quitar
to quit
dejar de, dimitir
race(for speed)
carerra
realize
dares cuenta
spring
resorte
resort
balineario
rough, course
rudo
rude
maleducado, grosero
sane
cuerdo
sensitive
sensible
sensible
sensato
verdict
sentencia
to sense
tener la impresión
charm, friendliness
simpatía
sympathy
compasión, pésame
sympathetic
compasivo, comprensivo
individual, guy, character
sujeto
subject(of an article)
tema
tense
tenso
tense(of a verb)
tiempo
storm
tormenta
torment
tormento
to move, transfer
trasladar
to translate
traducir
lately
últimamente
ultimately
en fin de cuentas
ultimate
fundamental
violate/rape
violar
common, ordinary
vulgar
vulgar
grosero, de mal gusto
aún
still
aun
even
solo
alone
sólo
only
ese/esa/esos/esas
that/those (adjective)
ése/ésa/ésos/ésas
that one, those ones (pronoun)
What a day!
Qué día! (exclamative needs an accent)
How you work!
Cómo trabajas! (exclamative needs an accent)
Qué
what
Que
that, which, who
Por qué
why
Porque
because
Comó
how
Como
like
cuánto
how much/many
Cuanto
as much/many as
dónde
where – never has an antecedent
donde
where, in which – requires an antecedent
quién
who(m) – when there is a question involved
quien
who(m), he who (con quien)
cuándo
when- there must be an explicit or implicit question involved