Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/368

Click to flip

368 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aspirar a
to aspire to
desempeñar un papel
to play a role
educar
to rear, bring up children
socializar
to socialize
el amo/a de casa
homemaker
la aspiración
goal
el cambio
change
la carrera
career, major
la custodia
custody
la educación
upbringing, education
la expectativa
expectation
el/la feminista
feminist
la igualdad
equality
la infancia
infancy
el juguete
toy
la juventud
childhood, youth
la muñeca
doll
el/la machista
male chauvinist
la meta
goal
el papel
role
la pelota
ball
el prejuicio
predudice
el puesto
job, position
los quehaceres domésticos
household chores
la responsabilidad
responsibility
la sensibilidad
emotional sensitivity
la socializaci'on
solcialization
el sueldo
salary
la vejez
old age
femenino/a
feminine
feminista
feminist
machista
male-chauvinistic
masculino/a
masculine
alguna vez
ever (used ina question with present perfect tense)
en cuanto a...
as far as...is concerned
en estos días
these days
recientemente
recently
últimamente
ultimately, lately
tener éxito
to be successful in a particular field or activity; emphasizes the condition of being successful
lograr
to succeed in doing something or to obtain or achieve a goal; emphasizes the action of achieving that goal. Can also mean to manage to do something.
suceder
to occur, happen, or to follow in succession
asistir a
to attent a function or be present at a class, meeting, etc.
atender
to take into account, to take care of, or to wait on
ayudar
to assist
ponerse
to become in reference to a emotional or physical state change--> FOLLOWED BY AN ADJECTIVE.
Can be used in situational sense but MUST BE FOLLOWED BY ADJ.
volverse
to become in reference to a emotional or state change; SIGNALS A DRAMATIC, OFTER IRREVERSIBLE CHANGE.
llegar a ser
to become as in to get to be; gradual change over time;EFFORTLESS CHANGE
hacerse
to become as in to get to be; gradual change over time; CONSCIOUS EFFORT ON THE PART OF SUBJECT.
Can be used in a situational sense.
contratar
to hire or contract
despedir (i,i)
to fire
entrevistar
to interview
estar a la venta
to be on/for sale
hacer cola
to be/to wait in line
hacer horas extraordinarias
to workovertime
tomar vacaciones
to take a vacation
renunciar a
to quit a job
solicitar
to apply for a job
las acciones
stock; shares of stock
el/la accionista
shareholder
el almacén
department store
la bolsa
stock market
el cajero/ la cajera
teller
el cajero automático
ATM
la compañía
company
el contrato
contract
el desempleado/la desempleada
unemployed person
el desempleo
unemployment
el despacho
office (specific room)
el empleado/la empleada
worker
el empleo
work, employment
la empresa
corporation
la entrevista
interview
las ganancias
earnings,profits
la gerencia
management
el/la gerente
manager
el hombre/la mujer de negocios
businessman/businesswoman
el mercado
market
la oficina
office (general term)
las pérdidas
losses
el secretario/ la secretaria
secretary
el sindicato
labor union
el socio/la socia
partner; associate
la solicitud
application form
la tienda
store
la venta
sale
ahorrar
to save
cargar
to charge to one's account
cobrar
to charge someone for something
cobrar un cheque
to cash a check
gastar
to spend
ingresar
to deposit funds
invertir (i,i)
to invest
pagar a plazos
to pay in installments
pagar en efectivo
to pay in cash
pedir (i,i) prestado
to borrow
pedir (i,i) un pr'estamo
to request/ to take out a loan
prestar
to lend
retirar
to withdraw funds
la cuenta
account, bill
la cuenta corriente
checking account
la cuenta de ahorros
savings account
las deudas
debts
los gastos
expenses
las inversiones
investments
el préstamo
loan
la tarjeta de cajero
ATM card
la tarjeta de crédito
credit card
cuando
when
después de que
after
en cuanto
as soon as
hasta que
until
mientras que
while, as long as
tan pronto como
as soon as
antes de que
before ALWAYS SUBJUNCTIVE
aunque
although, even if
como
as,how
de manera que
in such a way that
de modo que
in such a way that
donde
where
para que
for that
ahora que
now that INDICATIVE
puesto que
since INDICATIVE
ya que
since INDICATIVE
ya que
because, since
como
because, since; BEGINNING OF THE SENTENCE
puesto que
because, since
porque
because, since
por
when precdeing a noun. because of
cuestión
topic of discussion, matter, subject
pregunta
question, interrogation
hacer una pregunta
to ask a question
preguntar
to ask a question
fecha
calendar date
cita
appointment or social arrangement; NEVER A PERSON
los/las dos
both
ambos/ambas
both
tanto..como..
both..and..
animar
to encourage; to enliven
cambiar de opinión
to change one's mind
competir (i,i)
to compete
comprometerse
to make a commitment
convertir(se) (ie,i)
to convert
cooperar
to cooperate
dedicarse a
to dedicate oneself to
defender (ie)
to defend
fomentar
to promote, stir up
motivar
to provide a reason for; to motivate
negociar
to negotiate
predicar
to preach
predicar con el ejemplo
to practice what one preaches
rezar
to pray
la bendición
blessing
el clero
clergy
la competencia
competition
la conversión
conversion
la creencia
belief
la cruzada
crusade
el cura
priest
el ejército
army
el evangelizador/la evangelizadora
evangelist
la fe
faith
la iglesia
church (building)
la Iglesia
Church (organization)
la mezquita
mosque
el/la militar
career military person
el misionero/la misionera
missionary
la monja
nun
el monje
monk
la oración
prayer
el pastor/la pastora
pastor
el propósito
purpose
el rabino/la rabina
rabbi
el sacerdote
priest, more respect
la sinagoga
synagogue
el templo
temple
el valor
value
el agnóstico/la agnóstica
agnostic
el/la altruista
altruist
el angelicano/la anglicana
Anglican
el ateo/la atea
atheist
el/la budista
Buddhist
el católico/la católica
Catholic
el conservador/la conservadora
conservative
el/la (no) creyente
(non)believer
el/la derechista
rightist
el/la egoísta
egotist, selfish person
el/la hipócrita
hypocrite
el/la izquierdista
leftist
el judío/la judía
Jew
el/la liberal
liberal
el/la materialista
materialist
el musulmán/la musulmana
Moslem
el pagano/la pagana
pagan
el/la protestante
Protestant
a condición de que
provided that SUBJUNCTIVE
a fin de que
so that SUBJUNCTIVE
a menos que
unless SUBJUNCTIVE
con tal de que
provided that SUBJUNCTIVE
en caso de que
in case SUBJUNCTIVE
para que
so that, in order that SUBJUNCTIVE
en que
without SUBJUNCTIVE
Expresses the motive for an action or the agent performing the action
por
expresses the goal of an action or the recipient of the action
para
points back toward the cause
por
points foraward toward the effect
para
expressing movement toward an object
para
duration or movement through space or time with no desitnation specified
por
expressing in exchange for or per
por
in comparison with and in opinion of
para
dato
findings, results, data
hecho
proven fact, deed, event
realizar
to achieve a goal or an ambition, to accomplish something
darse cuenta de
to realize as in to be aware or to understand
acoger
to welcome, receive
empeñarse en
to insist on, be determined to
hacer caso
to pay attention
la acogida
welcome, reception
la aculturación
acculturation
el adiestramiento
job training
la alienación
alientation
la asimiliación
assimiliation
el becario
person who recieves a scholarship
la concienciación
raising of consciousness
el crisol
crucible, melting pot
la desvantaja
disadvantage
el empeño
insistence, determination
el ferrocarril
railroad
la formación educativa
academic prepartion
la inmigración
immigration
la ley
law
la oleada
wave, surge
la propuesta
proposal
acogedor(a)
welcoming, warm
controvertido/a
controversial
Expressing movement toward in a literal and figurative sense. Movement toward an object.
a
acostumbrarse
is followed by
a
adaptarse
is followed by
a
apreder
is followed by
a
asimilarse
is followed by
a
ayudar
is followed by
a
comenzar(ie)
is followed by
a
empezar (ie)
is followed by
a
enseñar
is followed by
a
entrar
is followed by
en in Spain
a in other Latin places
ir
is followed by
a
llegar
is followed by
a
salir
is followed by
a
venir(ie)
is followed by
a
volver(ue)
is followed by
a
by means of;Occurs in a number of set phrases to indicate means of operation or locomotion, or how something was made.
by or on in English
a
a point in time or space, or on a scale;at
a
position on or within
english in, into, or on
en
observation of, or participation in, an event;distinguishes being in an event or at an event.
en
consistir
is followed by
en
convertirse (ie,i)
is followed by
en
entrar
is followed by
en
inscribirse
is followed by
en
insistir
is followed by
en
tardar
is followed by
en
creer que
indicative
no dudar que
indicative
estar seguro/a de que
indicative
no negar que
indicative
pensar que
indicative
suponer que
indicative
no creer que
subjunctive
dudar que
subjunctive
no estar seguro/a de que
subjunctive
negar que
subjunctive
no pensar que
subjunctive
no suponer que
subjunctive
es cierto que
indicative
no es dudoso que
indicative
es evidente que
indicative
es obvio que
indicative
es que
indicative
es seguro que
indicative
es verdad que
indicative
no cabe duda de que
indicative
no hay duda de que
indicative
parece que
indicative
no es cierto
subjunctive
es dudoso que
subjunctive
no es evidente que
subjunctive
no es obvio que
subjunctive
no es que
subjunctive
no es seguro que
subjunctive
no es verdad que
subjunctive
es posible que
subjunctive
es probable que
subjunctive
puede que
subjunctive
no es imposible que
subjunctive
no es improbable que
subjunctive
no puede ser que
subjunctive
he
present perfect indicative
has
present perfect indicative
ha
present perfect indicative
hemos
present perfect indicative
han
present perfect indicative
expresses an action completed in the past but the time frame is open-ended and usually not defined by any implied or specified time limit in the past
present perfect indicative
Tiem fram is always closed and defined by an implied or specified time limit.
preterite
Lack of specificity indicates use of alguna vez
present perfect indicative
lack of specificity indicates use of en estos días
present perfect indicative
lack of specificity indicates use of recientemente
present perfect indicative
lack of specificity indicates use of siempre
present perfect indicative
lack of specificity indicates use of todovía no
present perfect indicative
lack of specificity indicates use of últimamente ya
present perfect indicative
Always refers to an action that occurs at the same time or at a future time with respefct to the main verb
present subjunctive
Refers to an action that has occured before the main verb
present perfect subjunctive
haya
present perfect subjunctive
hayas
present perfect subjunctive
haya
present perfect subjunctive
hayamos
present perfect subjunctive
hayan
present perfect subjunctive
adverbial clause:time
future, anticipated
subjunctive
adverbial clause: time
habitual, present
indicative
adverbial clause:time
past, anticipated/unknown
subjunctive
adverbial clause:time
past, known or past, habitual
indicative
adverbial clause:manner and place
unknown situation
subjunctive
adverbial clause: manner and place
known situationi
indicative
no es posible que
subjunctive
es imposible que
subjunctive
no es probable que
subjunctive
es improbable que
subjunctive
no puede ser que
subjunctive
puede ser que
subjunctive
puede que
subjunctive
pp abrir
abierto
pp cubrir
cubierto
pp decir
dicho
pp escribir
escrito
pp hacer
hecho
pp morir
muerto
pp poner
puesto
pp resolver
resuelto
pp romper
roto
pp ver
visto
pp volver
vuelto
contar (ue) con
to count on
llevar a cabo
to complete, carry out
oponerse (like poner) a
to oppose
perjudicar
to damage, harm
la abnegación
to damage
el acoso sexual
sexual harassment
el comportamiento
behavior
el descanso
period of rest
la (des)igualdad
(in)equality
la discriminación
discrimination
el embarazo
pregnancy
la empresa
company, firm
la fábrica
factory
la mano de obra
workforce
el marido
husband
el mito
myth
la mujer
wife
el obrero/la obrera
worker
el parto
act of giving birth
la pauta
pattern, model
el puesto
job, post
el viudo/la viuda
widower/widow
abnegado/a
self-denying, self-sacrificing
agresivo/a
aggressive
reducido/a
lessened, reduced
sumiso/a
submissive
a menudo
frequently
con todo
nevertheless, still
de hecho
in fact
sin embargo
nevertheless