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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Preterite Regular Endings
-ar, -er, -ir
DROP ENDING AND ADD
AR

-aste

-amos
-aron

ER/IR

-iste
-ió
-imos
-ieron
Direct Object Pronouns
me, te, lo, la, los, las, nos
(lo, la, los, las change to se when IO is le or les)
Indirect Object Pronouns
me, te, le, les, nos
Which comes first, the indirect or the direct object pronoun?
Indirect
What is the difference between preterite and imperfect?
PRETERITE
-specific time in the past (can see the beginning and the end)

IMPERFECT---CUANDO---PRETERITE

IMPERFECT
-repeated action in the past
-usually past description is imperfect
Words that tell us the verb is preterite and not imperfect.
ayer - yesterday
anoche - last night
el lunes pasado - last monday
una vez - one time
al ano pasado - last year
la semana pasada - last week
Words that tell us the verb is imperfect and not preterite.
los lunes pasado - the past mondays
cada verano - every summer
todos los dias - every day
a menudo - often
siempre - always
las semanas pasadas - the last weeks
Regular Imperfect Endings
-ar, -er, -ir
DROP ENDING AND ADD THIS
AR
-aba
-abas
-aba
-ábamos
-aban

ER, IR
-ía
-ías
-ía
-íamos
-ían
IRREGULAR IMPERFECTS
SER
era
eras
era
eramos
eran

IR
iba
ibas
iba
ibamos
iban

VER
veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veían
Regular Future Endings
-ar, -er, -ir
SIMPLY ADD ENDING TO INFINITIVE - DROP NOTHING
AR, ER, IR

-ás

-emos
-án
What is another way to express something in the future, without using the future tense?
IR A + INFINITIVE

I will sleep
VOY A DORMIR
Dormiré
Regular Conditional Endings
-ar, -er, -ir
SIMPLY ADD ENDING TO INFINITIVE - DROP NOTHING
AR, ER, IR
-ía
-ías
-ía
-íamos
-ían

this is the potential tense
"would"
Future and Conditional Irregulars on the Test
salir - saldr
tener - tendr
poner - pondr
hacer - har
venir - vendr
Regular Endings Present Perfect
HABER + PARTICIPLE
participle endings -
AR = ado
ER, IR = ido

HABER
he
has
ha
hemos
han

"have, has"
Irregular Present Perfect Participles on the Test
ver - visto
escribir - escrito
hacer - hecho
poner - puesto
Regular Present Progressive Endings
ESTAR + PARTICIPLE
participle endings -
AR = ando
ER, IR = iendo

ESTAR
estoy
estás
está
estamos
están

progressive form of the verb "-ing" I'm going.
Write the Hail Mary.
Ave Maria

En el nombre de padre, de hijo, de el espirito santo. Amen.

Dios te salve, Maria, llena eres de gracia, el Senor es contigo, bendita eres entre todas las mujeres, y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre, Jesus. Santa Maria, Madre de Dios, ruega por nosotros pecadores ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte. Amen.

En el nombre de padre, de hijo, de el espirito santo.
How do you tell if the verb is going to be present perfect?
There will be an he, has, ha hemos, or han before the blank for the verb.
How do you tell if the verb is going to be present progressive?
There will be estoy, estás, está, estamos, están before the blank for the verb.
How do you tell if the verb is going to be in the future?
Look for words such as

manana - tomorrow
el ano que viene - upcoming year
la semana que viene - upcoming week

in the sentance.
How do you tell if the verb is going to be the infinitive?
Look for clues such as
ir a
tener que
quiere
before the blank for the verb. Look for a conjugated verb before the blank.
How do you tell if the verb is going to be conditional?
Look for the word pero.
pero - but

I would go to the store but I cant.