Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/62

Click to flip

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Informal Commands are used with persons whom you would address as tu
Si
Negative tu' Commands ar
ar verbs are exressed with the opposite vowel. No hable Ud. No hables Tu'
Negative tu' Commands er
er verbs are exressed with the opposite vowel. No comas Ud., escribas, no pidas (don't order)
Affirmative tu' Commands
Unlike the other forms, most affirmative tu' commands have the same form as the third person singular of the present indicative.
Affirmative tu' Commands ar Cantar
Canta
Affirmative tu' Commands ar Jugar
Juega
Affirmative tu' Commands ar Hablar
Habla
Affirmative tu' Commands er Comer
Come
Affirmative tu' Commands er Escribir
Escribe
Affirmative tu' Commands er Poder
Pide
Decir
di
hacer
haz
ir
ve
poner
pon
salir
sal
ser
se'
tener
ten
venir
ven
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Salir
Salgas, Sal, No Salgas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Comer
Comas, comer, No Comas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Hacer
Hagas, Haz, No Hagas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Ir
Vayas, Ve, No Vayas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Comprar
Compres, Compra, Not Comres
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Buscar
Busques, Busqa, No Busques
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Pedir
Pidas, Pida Not Pidas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Ver
Veas, Ve No Veas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Traer
Triagas, Triaga, No Triagas
Subjuntive with tu, {Tu' Commands - No Tu'} Poner
Pongas, Pon, No Pongas
There is a Subjective Clause Present when
There is subjectivity or Conceptualized ideas, A Complex Sentence with two verbs.
Subjective Verb is in
is in the Subordinate Clause
Subjective Que
is between both clauses
Main Clause
Is Important que, el, este,
Subjunctive Ir Changes to
a
Subjunctive Ar Changes to
e
Es Importante que (venir) Te, El, Nos
Te Vengas, El Venga, Nos Vengamos
Negative tu' command Verb is always the same as
Subjective
Ar and Er stem changing verbs follow
Present indicative
Ir stem changing verbs show a stem change
for forms that have a change in the present
Subjective starts in your
Head
In both spanish and english the indicative is used to
state facts and to ask questions; it does this objectively
The Subjective mood is used to
Express conseptualized actions states
The speaker acts emotionally with things that are
Yet unknown
A complex sentence is comprised of
two or more clauses
There are two types of clauses
main (independent), dependant (subordinate) Clauses
When the subjects of the clauses in a complex sentence are different
the subjective is often used in the subordinate clauses are linked by the conjuntion que
She doubts that you are coming to the party
Duda que vengas a la fiesta
Miquel hopes that Alicia is home
Migue espera que este' en casa
I want to go to the party
Quiero ir a la fiesta
Three of th emost common uses of the subjective are to express influence, emotion and doubt or denial. These are signaled by the verb forms:
Quire, Espera, Duda
The personal endings of the present subjective are added to the first person singular of the
present indicative minus it's O ending.
In the present subjunctive Ar verbs add endings
with -e
In the present subjunctive er/ir verbs add endings
with -a
In the present subjunctive the present indicative yo stem
is the same as the present subjunctive stem
In the present subjunctive the verbs ending in Car, -gar, -and -zar
all have a spelling change in all persons of the present subjunctive to preserve the -c-,-g-, and -z- sounds
In the present subjunctive the -car changes to (Buscar)
c > qu Buscar - Busque, Busques, Busque, Busquemos, Busquen
In the present subjunctive the -gar changes to (Pagar)
g> gu Pague, Pagues, Pague, Paguemos, Pagen
In the present subjunctive the --zar changes to (empezar)
z> c Empiece, Empieces, Empiece, Empecemos, Empecen
Verbs with irregular yo forms show the irregularity in all persons of the present subjunctive. Conocer, decir. Hacer, oir, poner, salir, tener, traer, venir, ver.
Conozca, diga, haga, oiga, ponga, salga, tenga, traiga, venga, vea.
A few verbs have irregular present subjunctive forms. Dar, estar, haber, ir, saber, ser,
de', des, de', demos, deis, den - este', haya, vaya, sepa, sea,
Ar and Er stem changing verbs follow the stem-changing pattern of the ( pensar , poder )
Present indicative. Pensar (ie) piense, pienses, piense, pensemos, peinsen, Poder (ue) Pueda, Puedas, Pueda, Podamos, Puedan.
Ir stem changing verbs show a stem change in the ( and in addition the show a change in the)
four forms tht have a change in the present indicative (nosotros and vosotros forms similar to the present progressive tense)
subjunctive ir stem changing verbs; dormir(ue,u), pedir(i,i), preferir(ie,i)
dormir (duerma, duermas duerma, *durmamos, durman) Pedir (pida, pidas, pida, *pidamos, pidan Preferir (prefiera, prefieras, prefiera, *prefiramos, prefieran)