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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
para que
-so that
-list 1: subjunctive or infinitive
a fin de que
-so that
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
a menos que
-unless
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
salvo que
-unless
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
a no ser que
-unless
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
antes de que
-before
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
con tal que
-provided that
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
con tal de que
-provided that
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
sin que
-without
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
en caso de que
-in case (that)
-list 1: subjuncive or infinitive
cuando
-when
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive (dont know exactly yet)
apenas
-as soon as
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive(dont know exactly yet)
en cuanto
-as soon as
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive(dont know exactly yet)
tan pronto como
-as soon as
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive(dont know exactly yet)
aunque
-even if (subj)
-although(indic)
a pesar de que
-even if (subj)
-although (indicative)
aun cuando
-even if (subj)
-although (indic)
despues de que
-after
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive(dont know exactly yet)
mientras de
-provided (that), as long as (subj)
-while (indic)
hasta que
-until
-second list: routine=indicative, past=past, future=subjunctive(dont know exactly yet)
What is the result clause if the (real) If clause is in the present indicative?
result clause: present indicative or future indicative (llega, llegara)
what is the result clause if the (hypothetical, contrary-to-fact) If clause is in the imperfect subjunctive?
-conditional indicative (simple tense) llegaria
-imperfect subjunctive, -ra form only
What is the result clause if the (hypothetical, contrary-to-fact) If clause is in the pluperfect subjunctive?
-conditional perfect (compound tense)habia llegado
-pluperfect subjunctive -ra form only hubiera llegado
verb in main clause: present indicative (permite)
verb in dependent clause: present subjuncive (entren) or verb in perfect subjunctive (hayan entrados)
verb in main clause: present perfect (ha permitido)
verb in dependent clause: present subjuncive (entren) or verb in perfect subjunctive (hayan entrados)
verb in main clause: future (permitira)
verb in dependent clause: present subjuncive (entren) or verb in perfect subjunctive (hayan entrados)
verb in main clause: command (permita Ud.)
verb in dependent clause: present subjuncive (entren) or verb in perfect subjunctive (hayan entrados)
verb in main clause: preterite (permitio)
verb in dependent clause: imperfect subjuncive (entraran) or pluperfect subjunctive (hubieran visto)
verb in main clause: pluperfect (habia permitido)
verb in dependent clause: imperfect subjuncive (entraran) or pluperfect subjunctive (hubieran visto)
verb in main clause: imperfect (permitia)
verb in dependent clause: imperfect subjuncive (entraran) or pluperfect subjunctive (hubieran visto)
verb in main clause: conditional (permitiria)
verb in dependent clause: imperfect subjuncive (entraran) or pluperfect subjunctive (hubieran visto)
however, no matter how
por+adv./adj.+que
-takes subjunctive
-por rapido que corran los trenes, hay demoras (no matter how fast the trains run, there are delays)
future
infinitive+
e emos
as
a an
conditional
ia iamos
ias
ia ian
preterite -ar
e amos
aste
o aron
preterite -er,-ir
i imos
iste
io ieron
preterite irregulars
dar-di
estar-estuve
hacer-hice
poder-pude
poner-puse
querer-quise
saber-supe
tener-tuve
traer-traje
vener-vine
imperfect -ar
aba abamos
abas
aba aban
imperfect -er,-ir
ia iamos
ias
ia ian
imperfect irregulars
ir-iba
ser-era
ver-veia
present subjunctive
yo form of present indicative -o +opposite ending
present subjunctive irregulars
dar-de
estar-este
haber-haya
ir-vaya
saber-sepa
ser-sea
present perfect
haber+past participle (vivido)
he hemos
has
ha han
irregular past participles
abrir:abierto
cubrir:cubierto
descubrir:descubierto
decir:dicho
escribir:escrito
hacer:hecho
morir:muerto
poner:puesto
romper:roto
resolver:resuelto
ver:visto
volver:vuelto
perfect subjunctive
haber+past participle
haya hayamos
hayas
haya hayan
pluperfect
haber+past participle
habia habiamos
habias
habia habian
imperfect subjunctive -ar
root of verb in ellos preterite (comprar-compra)+
ra ramos
ras
ra ran
pluperfect subjunctive
haber+past participle
hubiera hubieramos
hubieras
hubiera hubieran
imperfect subjunctive -er,-ir
root of verb in ellos preterite (comer-comie)+
ra ramos
ras
ra ran
irregulars of imperfect subjunctive
creer-creyera
dar-diera
decir-dijera
dormir-durmiera
estar-estuviera
ire-fuera
hacer-hiciera
pedir-pidiera
poder-pudiera
saber-supiera