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77 Cards in this Set

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tener éxito
to be successful (in a particular field or activity)

Vic simpre tiene éxito en las competiciones/Vic is always successfulin competitions
lograr
to succeed (in doing something) or to obtain or achieve a goal

Julia nunca logra bajar de peso/Julia never manages to lose weight
suceder
to occur, happen or to follow in succession

No saben qué va a suceder/They don't know what is going to happen
asistir a
to attend or to be present at

Pablo asistió a la reunión/Pablo attended the meeting.
atender
to take into account, to take care of

El jefe va a atender a los clientes/The boss is going to take care of the clients
ayudar
to assist, to help

No ayudaron mucho/They helped us a lot
ponerse
to become (only followed by an adjective)

Se va a poner furiosos/ They're going to become angry
volverse
to become (usually signals dramatic, irreversible change)

Se volvió loca/She became crazy
llegar a ser
to become (signals a gradual change over a period of time; effortless)
hacerse
to become (gradual change but on purpose)
volver
to return to a place

Regresar means the same thing
devolver
to return something to someone
mudarse
to move/ to change residence
trasladar(se)
to move or to be moved from place to place.
mover(se)
to move an object or part of the body
soportar
to tolerate or to put up with
mantener
to support financially
apoyar
to support, to back or favor
sostener
to physically support, to hold
cerca, cercano/a
to be physically close

Cercano can also describe the degree of blood relationship
íntimo/a
close as in friendship or emotional ties
unido/a
closeness of family ties (but not blood relationships)
importar
to care, to be interested in
cuidar
to care for; to take care of
hora
time of day
vez
time as an instance or occurence
tiempo
time in general or an abstract sense
el cuento
story, narrative
la cuenta
bill
pagar
to pay for something
prestar atención
to pay attention (don't let your mind wander)
hacer caso de
to pay attention (to take into account)
hacer una visita
to pay a visit
pensar en
to have general thoughts about
pensar de
indicates an opinion or point of view
pensar que
to think that
pensar + infinitive
to plan to do something
to consist of
consistir en
to depend on
depender de
to fall in love with someone
enamorarse de
to marry
casarse con
to dream of
soñar con
because, since
ya que, como, puesto que, porque, por

Porque cannot be used at the beginning of the sentence

Como must be used as the beginning of a sentence

Use por when preceding a noun
question (matter, subject, topic of discussion)
cuestión
question (interrogation)

Verb form
pregunta

preguntar, hacer una pregunta
date (calendar)
fecha
date (appointment)
cita
both
los/las dos, ambos/as
both (this) and (that)
tanto... como...
fact (findings, results, data)
dato
fact (proven, deed, event)
hecho
to realize (to achieve a goal or accomplish somthing)
realizar
to realize (to be aware of, to understand)
darse cuenta (de)
to miss an opportunity or deadline
perder

Maria llegó tarde y perdió el tren. (Maria arrived late and missed the train)
to miss an appointment by not attending it
faltar a

Joaquin estaba enfermo y faltó a la reunión. (Joaquin was sick and missed the meeting)
to miss a person (who is away)
echar de menos, extrañar

Cuando mi esposo sale de viaje, siempre lo echo de menos (extraño) mucho.
What my husband leaves town, I always miss him a lot.
To save money
ahorrar
to rescue or save from danger
salvar
to save, to set aside
guardar

Jose guardó un trozo de pan. (Jose saved a piece of bread)
to take someone or something from one place to another
llevar

Los padres llevan a los niños al parque (The parents take the kids to the park)
to take soemthing in one's hand, to take a bus, to take an exam
tomar

Siempre tomo cuatro clases (I always take four classes)
to take a certain amount of time to do soemthing
tardar + amount of time + en + infinitive

Cuánto tiempo tardas en llegar a clase? (How long does it take you to get to class?)
to stop doing something

to not fail
dejar de

Por fin dejé de fumar (I finally stopped smoking)

No dejes de visitar las ruinas mayas (Don't fail to visit the Mayan ruins)
to get in the way, to prevent, to stop someone from doing something
impedir

Les impidió el paso la nieve? (Did the snow stop you?)
Le van a impedir que se vaya. (Tehy are going to stop him from leaving)
to stop or detain; to slow down or hold up progress
Detener (se)

La nieve nos detuvo por más de una hora (The snow stopped us for more than an hour)
Detuvieron a los contrabandistas en la frontera (They stopped to smugglers at the border.
to hurt, to ache
doler

Me duelen mucho los pies (My feet hurt a lot)
to hurt, to cause bodily injury
hacer daño/ lastimar

Trabajar en ese ambiente le hizo daño a los pulmones (Working in that environment hurt her lungs)
to hurt someone's feelings
ofender

Se marchó sin despedirse y eso me ofendió (She left without saying good-bye and that hurt me)
but (rather; connects a word or phrase)
sino

El coche no es nuevo sino viejo/ The car isn't new but (rather) older.
but (rather; connects a clause)
sino que

No quiero que me ayudes sino que te vayas/ I don't want you to help me but (rather) go away.
not only... but also
No sólo... sino (que)

No sólo trajeron pan sino también queso/ They brought not only bread but also cheese.

No sólo vino sino que trajo a sus amigos/ She not only came but (also) brought her friends.
to try; to make an attempt
intentar; tratar de
to deal with; it's a question of
tratar de; se trata de
to treat someone (a particular way)
tratar
to try; to tase
probar
to try on (clothing)
probarse
to ask; to request something from someone
pedir