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165 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cabin
la cabana
bed
la cama
single, double room
la habitacion individual, doble
floor (of a building)
el piso
ground floor
la planta baja
countryside
el campo
landscape
el paisaje
luggage
el equipaje
bus, subway
la estacion de autobuses, del metro, de tren
arrival
la llegada
(round-trip) ticket
el pasaje (de ida y vuelta)
departure; exit
la salida
to camp
acampar
to be on vacation
estar de vacaciones
to pack (ones' suitcases)
hacer las maletas
to go on a hike, to go on a tour
hacer una excursion
p. 136
to go sightseeing
hacer turismo (m.)
to take a trip
hacer un viaje
to go shopping
ir de compras
to go fishing
ir de pesca
to go on vacation
ir de vacaciones
to go by bus, car, plane, boat, motorcycle, taxi
ir en autobus, auto(movil), avion, barco, motocicleta, taxi
car
auto(movil), coche, carro
airplace
avion
boat
barco
motorcycle
motocicleta
taxi
taxi
to confirm
confirmar
passport
el pasaporte
room
la habitacion
elevator
el ascensor
butler
el botones
guest
el huesped
la huesped
key
la llave
employee
el empleado
hotel
el hotel
traveler
el viajero
la viagera
to take photos
sacar fotos

tomar fotos
customs
aduana
inspector
el inspector

la inspectora
customs inspector
inspector/a de aduanas
airport
aeropuerto
fishing
pesca
to fish
pescar
to ride a horse
monta a caballo
ride
montar
horse
caballo
boat
barco
ocean, sea
el oceano

el mar
on the beach
en la playa
beach
playa
cards
las cartas
to play cards
jugar las cartas
They play cards.
Juegan a las cartas.
January
enero
February
febrero
March
marzo
April
abril
May
mayo
June
junio
July
julio
August
agosto
September
septiembre
October
octubre
November
noviembre
December
diciembre
winter
el invierno
spring
la primavera
summer
verano
fall (the season)
el otono
date (of calendar)
fecha
What is today's date?
?Cual es la fecha de hoy?
It's November 1st.
Es el diez de noviembre.
It's very hot.
Hace (mucho) calor.
How's the weather?
?Que tiempo have?
The weather is good/bad.
Hace buen/mal tiempo.
It's (very) cold.
Hace (mucho) frio.
It's raining.
Llueve.

Esta lloviendo.
It's snowing.
Nieva.

Esta nevando.
to rain
llever [o:ue]
to snow
nevar [e:ie]
It's cloudy.
Esta nublado.
It's cool.
Hace fresca.
It's sunny.
Hace sol.
It's windy.
Hace viento.
It's foggy.
Hay niebla.
first
primer, primero/a
second
segundo/a
third
tercer, tercero/a
fourth
cuarto/a
fifth
quinto/a
sixth
sexto/a
seventh
septimo/a
eighth
octavo/a
ninth
noveno/a
tenth
decimo/a
Convert degrees F to Centigrade
C degrees X 9 / 5 +32
Convert degrees C to Fahrenheit
F degrees - 32 x 5 / 9
cold and hot - What verbs to use with these adjectives for weather and people
hacer - used when describing cold/hot weather
tener - used when describing cold/hot people
How can I help you?
?En que puedo servirles?
(Note: "puedo" is yo form for poder--meaning can, able.)
It's not here.
No esta.
I don't see your . . .
No veo su . . .
Here are your keys.
Aqui tienen las llaves.
Where do I put . . .?
?Donde pongo . . .?
Everything is very clean and orderly.
Todo esta muy limpio y ordenado.
It's excellent / stupendous / fabulous / great.
Es excelente / estupendo / fabuloso / fenomenal.
It's incredible / magnificent/ marvelous /perfect.
Es increible / magnifico / maravilloso / perfecto.
The beds are so comfortable.
Las camas son tan comodas.
I'm a little bored / tired.
Estoy un poco aburrido/a / cansado/a.
open
abierto/a
bored; boring
aburrido/a
happy; joyful
alegre
embarrassed
avergonzado/a
tired
cansado/a
closed
cerrado/a
comfortable
comodo/a
confused
confundido/a
happy, content
contento/a
disorderly
desordenado/a
in love (with)
enamorado/a (de)
mad; angry
enojado/a
wrong
equivocado/a
happy
feliz
clean
limpio/a
ready
listo/a
nervous
nervioso/a
busy
ocupado/a
orderly
ordenado/a
worried (about)
preocupado/a
sure
sequro/a
dirty
sucio/a
sad
triste
Agreement between:
--subjects & verbs
--nouns & adjectives
Subjects & verbs must agree in person (I, you, he, we, they, etc.) and number (sing/pl).
Nouns and adjectives must agree in gender (m/f) and number (sing/pl).
Present progressive in English has what on verb?
-ing
He is running.
The ball is going into the air.
Present progressive in Spanish uses what?
Estar (correct form) and verb stem + ando, iendo, yendo.
Carlos is running.
Carlos esta corriendo.
She is writing a letter.
Ella esta escribiendo una carte.
I am listening.
Estoy escuchando.
We are resting.
Estamos descansando.
I am reading.
Estoy leyendo.
We are hearing the bus.
Estamos oyendo el autobus.
(Note: oyendo is verb "oir" as present progressive. Rule: When stem of an IR and AR verb ends in a vowel, the present participle end in "yendo".
Ines is listening to Latin music.
Inex esta escuchando musica latina.
Javier is studying computer science this semester.
Javier estudia computacion este semestre. (Note: present progressive is NOT used her. Present progressive (-iendo, -ando on verb stems) is used only for action currently happening.)
Use "ser" when?
-nationality & place of origin
-profession or occupation
-characteristics of people / things
p. 152
-generalizations
-possession
-what something is made of
-time and date
-where or when an event takes place
Use "estar" when?
-location or spatial relationships
-health
-physical states & conditions
-emotional states
-certain weather expressions
-ongoing actions (progressive tenses)
Review conjugation of SER
soy
eres
es
somos
sois
son
Review conjugation of ESTAR
estoy
estas
esta
estamos
estais
estan
Direct object nouns or pronouns are what?
A noun or verb that directly receives the action of the verb.
hit the BALL, washed the WINDOW
Use what in front of direct object that's a person or pet?
"a"
. . . visita a la abuela.
p. 156
Direct object pronouns - used to avoid repeating the noun.
me (me)
te (you - fam)
lo (you - m. form; him; it (m)
la (you - f. form; she; it (f)
nos (us)
os (you - fam)
los (you - m. form; them (m)
las (you - f. form; them (f)
p. 156
to confirma a reservation
confirmar una reservacion
to go fishing
ir de pesca
travel agent
el/la agente de viajes
travel agency
la agencia de viajes
sea
el mar
ocean
el oceano
nice, friendly
amable
sure; safe
seguro/a
right now
ahora mismo
year
el ano
in a good/bad mood
de buen/mal humor
season
la estacion
month
el mes
yet; still
todavia
there
alli