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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
--Formal Commands--

1
--Formal Commands--
Almost all formal commands are based

2
-on the "yo" form of the present tense.
Replace the "o" in "ar" verbs with

3
"e" or "en"

-hablar becomes

Ud.--hable
Uds.-hablen

(speak)
The "o" in "er" and "ir" verbs is replaced with

4
"a" or "an"

-comer becomes
Ud.--coma
Uds.-coman

escribir becomes
Ud.--escriba
Uds.-escriban
Stem Changers have the same stem change

5
Volver
Ud.--vuelva
Uds.-vuelvan

Decir
Ud.--diga
Uds.-digan

Pensar
Ud.--Piense
Uds.-Piensen

Pedir
Ud.--Pida
Uds.-Pidan
Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have

6
-a spelling change to preserve the -c, -g, and -z sounds

"c" becomes "qu"
"g" becomes "gu"
"z" becomes "c"
Examples of -car, -gar, and zar verbs

7
"buscar"---"busque" Ud.
"busquen" Uds.

"pagar"---"pague" Ud.
"paguen" Uds.

"empezar"---"empiece" Ud.
"empiecen" Uds.
Irregular Ud./Uds. command forms

8
dar----dé Ud. (to give)

estar---esté Ud.

ir---vaya Ud.

saber---sepa Ud.

ser---sea Ud.
Direct Object Pronouns and Reflexive Pronouns stress rules

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-An accent mark is added to the stressed vowel if the original command has two or more syllables.

Léalo Ud.
(Read it.)

Siéntese, por favor.
(Sit down, please.)
Direct Object and Reflexive Pronouns must precede

10
-negative commands

No lo lea Ud.
(Don't read it.)

No se siente.
(Don't sit down.)