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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
aportar
to contribute, to bring into
callarse
to be quiet
conquistar
to conquer
distraer
to distract
dormirse (ue)
to fall asleep
durar
to last
encontrarse (ue) (con)
to meet
olvidarse (de)
to forget
opinar
to have an opinion, to think
la base
the basis
el idioma
the language
la lengua
the language
la ortografi'a
spelling
el sabor
flavor
el siglo
century
antiguo
old/ancient
distinto
different
extranjero
foreign
predilecto
favorite
se me ocurre
it occurs to me
el capital
money
la capital
capital city
el corte
cut
la corte
court
el cura
priest
la cura
cure
el paraguas
umbrella
Present Indicative is used in place of future to... 1
in place of the past to... 2
in place of the imperative to... 3
1. give a statement/question more immediacy
2. in narrations to relate a historical event.
3. express a mild command or a wish
coger in present first person singular
cojo
dirigir in present first person singular
dirijo
-guir in present first person singular
gu -> g
-ger or -gir in present first person singular
g -> j
vowel plus -cer or -cir in present first person singular
c -> zc
descriptive adjective following a noun
distinguishes from another of the same type
descriptive adjective preceding the noun
inherent quality
adjectives of nationality
always follow the noun
1. mi viejo amigo
2. mi amigo viejo
1. my long standing friend
2. my friend who is old
1. mi antigua profesora
2. una puerta antigua
1. my former teacher
2. an ancient door
1. el pobre hombre
2. el hombre pobre
1. the unfortunate man
2. the impoverished man
1. las grandes mujeres
2. las mujeres grandes
1. the great women
2. the big women
1. varios libros
2. libros varios
1. several books
2. miscellaneous books
1. el mismo cura
2. el cura mismo
1. the same priest
2. the priest himself
1. el u'nico hombre
2. un hombre u'nico
1. the only man
2. a unique man
1. medio hombre
2. el hombre medio
1. half a man
2. the average man
uno, bueno, malo, primero, tercero drop ... before masculine singular nouns
the final o
St. Francis
San Francisco
St. Domingo
Santo Domingo
St. Toma's
Santo Toma's
St. Gloria
Santa Gloria
a great day
un gran di'a
a great woman
una gran mujer
Ciento becomes ... before all nouns and before mil and millon
cien
I'm looking for my dog
Busco !!!a!!! mi perro
I'm inviting your daughters to the party.
Invito !!!a!!! tus hijas a la fiesta.
a used for specific people
I don't see anyone
No veo !!!a!!! nadie.
a used before indefinite pronouns
Who does Paco see?
?!!!A!!! quie'n ve Paco?
question requiring response using a
I know the family
Conozco la familia
NO a, omit a before collectives
I have some Cuban friends
Tengo algunos amigos cubanos.
Omit a when tener is used