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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
To indicate the location or time of an event, use _____.
To indicate the location or time of an event, use SER.
Use ______ to indicate what something is made of.
Use SER to indicate what something is made of.
Use ______ to indicate possession.
Use SER to indicate possession.
To indicate the location of an object or a person, use _______.
To indicate the location of an object or a person, use ESTAR.
With the present participle, _____ is used to indicate the progressive.

(present participle = -ando form)
With the present participle, ESTAR is used to indicate the progressive.

Estoy estudiando. I am studying
Translate:

!Que' bella eres!

!Que' bella esta's!
You are so beautiful.
(! Que' bella eres!)

You look so beautiful.
(!Que' bella esta's!)
With past participles, ______ would be used to indicate the passive voice.
SER is used to indicate the passive voice.

Las ventanas fueron abiertas a las ocho.
The windows were opened at eight.
With past participles, ________ is used to indicate a condition resulting from a completed action.
ESTAR is used with the past participle to indicate a completed action.

Las ventanas esta'n abiertas.
If one is not focussing on the action or who did it, but rather the result ______ is used with the past participle.
To focus on the result of an action, use ESTAR with the past participle.

El edificio esta' terminado.

The building is finished.
Ser/Estar

adjective describes an aspect of the subject that is condsidered to be the norm.... use?
Use SER when the aspect is the norm.
Ser/Estar

To describe an object not defined by the adjective. Es. The surface is cold. (surface does not HAVE to be cold.)
Use ESTAR to describe an object that is not defined by the adjective.

La superficie esta' fri'a.
To describe a change from the norm, use SER? Estar?
Estar is used to describe a CHANGE from the norm.
SER/ESTAR

Which would you use if you found something to be different than you would have expected?
use ESTAR if you found something different than you'd have expected.
English:

I am finished.
Termine. (accent e)
He terminado.
Ya acabe. (accent e)
English:

It is finished.
Esta terminado/hecho. (accent esta on a)
Se termino. (accent o)

Ya esta. (accent a)
English:

I am glad.
Me alegro.
English:

I am happy.
Estoy contento (reaction)

Soy feliz. (in my life)
English:

I am hot.
Tengo calor.
English:

It is hot.
Hace calor. (weather)

Esta caliente. (accent on a) (soup... etc.)
English:

I am hungry.
Tengo hambre.
English:

I am interested.
Me interesa.
English:

I am late.
Llegue tarde. (accent on e in llegue)
English:

It is late.
Es tarde.
English:

I am sad to hear that.
Me apena mucho oir eso. (oir - accent i)

me da mucha pena....
English:

I am short. (not tall)
Soy bajo.
English:

I am sitting.
Estoy sentado.
English:

I am sorry.
Lo siento.
English:

It is working.
Esta funcionando. (esta- accent a)
English:

I was born.
Naci. (accent i)
English:

That is the problem.
he alli el problema. (alli - accent i)
Spanish:

Estoy de acuerdo contigo.
Eng:

I agree with you.
Span.

Mis padres esta'n de buen humor hoy.
Eng.

My parents are in a good mood today.
Span.

Estoy de luto por la muerte de mi padre.
Eng.

I am in mourning for the death of my father.
Span.

Los nin~os estuvieron de pie todo el di'a.
Eng.

The boys were standing all day long.
Span.

La mujer estabe de rodillas, rezando.
Eng.

the woman was kneeling, praying.
Span.

La familia esta' de viaje.
Eng.

the family is away (on a trip).
Span.

?Cua'ndo estara'n de vuelta?
Eng.

When will they be back?
English:

I am cold.
Tengo Frio (accent on i)
English:

It is cold.
hace frio (accent on i)
English:

I am dead.
Estoy muerto(a).

Estoy agotado.
English:

I am done.
termine(accent on e)

He terminado.

Ya acabe. (accent on e)
English:

It is done.
Esta(accent a) terminado.

Ya esta. (accent a)