Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/286

Click to flip

286 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Conjugate each of the following stem-changing AR and ER verbs
(Mark this card incorrect)
Pensar (e-ie)
yo-Pienso
tu-Piensas
ella-Piensa
nosotros-Pensamos
vosotros-Pensais
ellos-Piensan
Querer (e-ie)
yo-Quiero
tu-Quieres
ella-Quiere
nosotros-Queremos
vosotros-Quereis
ellos-Quieren
Contar (o-ue)
yo-Cuento
tu-Cuenta
ella-Cuentas
nosotros-Contamos
vosotros-Contais
ellos-Cuentan
Volver(o-ue)
yo-vuelvo
tu-vuelves
ella-vuelve
nosotros-volvemos
vosotros-volveis
ellos-vuelvan
Jugar (u-ue)
yo-juego
tu-juegas
ella-juega
nosotros-jugamos
vosotros-jugais
ellos-juegan
Conjugating stem-changing AR and ER verbs section completed
(Mark this card incorrect)
Conjugate each of the following stem-changing IR verbs
(Mark this card incorrect)
Sentir (e-ie)
yo-siento
tu-sientes
ella-siente
nosotros-sentimos
vosotros-sentis
ellos-sienten
Dormir (o-ue)
yo-duermo
tu-duermes
ella-duerme
nosotros-dormimos
vosotros-dormis
ellos-duermen
Pedir (e-i)
yo-pido
tu-pides
ella-pide
nosotros-pedimos
vosotros-pedis
ellos-piden
Conjugating stem-changing IR verbs section completed
(Mark this card incorrect)
Determine the type of stem change the following verbs take
(Mark this card incorrect)
cerrar
e-ie
reir
e-i
almorzar
o-ue
morir
o-ue
repetir
e-i
preferir
e-ie
perder
e-ie
mentir
e-ie
oler
o-ue,(o-hue)
This verb is irregular, it acutally takes the form of o-hue
repetir
e-i
servir
e-i
sonar
o-ue
soñar
o-ue
devolver
o-ue
sonreir
e-i
soler
o-ue
quebrar
e-ie
seguir
e-i,(gu-g)
This ver is irregular right after the e changes to an i the gu changes to a g
advertir
e-ie
resolver
o-ue
entender
e-ie
encender
e-ie
mover
o-ue
defender
e-ie
poder
o-ue
recordar
o-ue
probar
o-ue
mostrar
o-ue
encontrar
o-ue
descender
e-ie
despertar
e-ie
costar
o-ue
comenzar
e-ie
encontrar
o-ue
empersar
e-ie
Determining stem-change section complete
(Mark this incorrect)
acabar + de + infinitive
_______have just happened
ex:acabo de limpiar mi casa
I just cleaned my house
ir + a + infinitive
_______are going to happen
ex:Voy a limpiar mi casa
I am going to clean my house
The following are the formations of the Present Participle
(Mark this incorrect)
AR verbs
-ando
ER verbs
-iendo
IR verbs
-iendo
The following are Irregular Present Participle Verbs
(Mark the incorrect)
sentir
sintiendo
pedir
pidiendo
dormir
durmiendo
morir
muriendo
advertir
advirtiendo
mentir
mintiendo
preferir
prefiriendo
repetir
repitiendo
seguir
sigiendo
servir
sirviendo
ir
yendo
oir
oyendo
traer
trayendo
leer
leyendo
construir
contruyendo
Irregular Present Participle Verbs Section completed
(Mark this incorect)
estar + present participle
describes thing happening right now
ex:Que leyendo?
What are you reading (right now, as I'm speaking)?
Present Participle Section completed
(Mark the incorrect)
The Following are the forms of the present subjuctive
(Mark the incorrect)
Subjuntive:Definition
A person is telling/asking/suggesting that another person do something in the future.
Subjuntive:Requirements
1.At least 2 people
2.In the future
3.Subjuntive Keys
Subjuntive:Basic Formation
Key + que + subjuntive verb
Subjuntive:Verb Endings -ER,-IR
-a
-as
-a
-amos
-áis
-an
Subjuntive-Verb Endings: -AR
-e
-es
-e
-emos
-eís
-en
The following are subjunctive keys
(Mark this incorrect)
to want
querer
to demand
exigir
to insist
insistir
to order
mandar
to ask
pedir
to beg
rogar
to really beg
suplicar
to advise
aconsejar
to recommend
recommendar
to suggest
sugerir
to let
dejar
to allow, permit
permitir
to wish
desear
to hope
esperar
let's hope that
ojalá
to prevent
impedir
to be opposed to
oponerse a
to forbid
prohibir
to prefer
preferir
it's good
es bueno
it's bad
es malo
it's better
es mejor
it's necessary
es necessario
it's imperative
es indispensable
it's important
es importante
it's necessary (precise)
es preciso
it's pleasent
es agradable
it's fair
es justo
it's absurd
es absurdo
it's ridiculous
es ridículo
it's strange
es raro
it's surprising
es sorprendente
it's scandalous
es escandaloso
it's too bad that
es una lástima
it's worthwhile
vale pena
Subjunctive keys section completed
(Mark this incomplete)
The following are irregular subjunctive verbs
(Mark this incorrect)
yo ir
vaya
tu ir
vayas
el ir
vaya
nosotros ir
vayamos
vosotros ir
vayais
ellos ir
vayan
yo ser
sea
tu ser
seas
el ser
sea
nosotros ser
seamos
vosotros ser
seais
ellos ser
sean
yo saber
sepa
tu saber
sepas
el saber
sepa
nosotros ser
sepamos
vosotros ser
sepais
ellos ser
sepan
yo dar
de
tu dar
des
el dar
de
nosotros dar
demos
vosotros dar
deis
ellos dar
den
yo estar
este
tu estar
estes
el estar
este
nosotros estar
estemos
vosotros estar
esten
ellos estar
esten
Irregular Subjunctive Verb section completed
(Mark as incorrect)
Forming Affirmative Commands
(Mark as incorrect)
AR Verbs
yo-__
tu-a
el-e
nosotros-emos
vosotros-ad
ellos-en
ER Verbs
yo-__
tu-e
el-a
nosotros-amos
vosotros-ed
ellos-an
IR Verbs
yo-__
tu-e
el-a
nosotros-amos
vosotros-id
ellos-an
The following are irregular affirmative commands in the tu form
(Mark as incorrect)
hacer
haz
poner
pon
salir
sal
tener
ten
venir
ven
decir
di
ir
ve
ser
se
Affirmative Command Reflexive Verb Endings
(Mark as incorrect)
AR Verbs
yo-___
tu-ate
el-ese
nosotros-emonos
vosotros-aos
ellos-ense
ER/IR Verbs
yo-___
tu-ete
el-ase
nosotros-amonos
vosotros-eos
ellos-anse
Affirmative Commands section complete
(Mark as incorrect)
Forming Negative Commands
(Mark as incorrect)
AR Verbs
yo-___
tu-es
el-e
nosotros-emos
vosotros-eis
ellos-en
ER/IR Verbs
yo-___
tu-as
el-a
nosotros-amos
vosotros-ais
ellos-an
Negative Command Reflexive Verb Endings
(Mark as incorrect)
AR Verbs
(ex: levantarse)
tu-no te levantes
el-no se levante
nosotros-no nos levantemos
vosotros-no os levanteis
ellos-no se levanten
ER/IR Verbs
(ex: comerse)
tu-no te comas
el-no se coma
nosotros-no nos comamos
vosotros-no os comais
ellos-no se coman
Negative Command Section Complete
(Mark as incorrect)
The following are preterite verb forms
(Mark as incorrect)
yo tomar
tomé
tu tomar
tomaste
el tomar
tomó
nosotros tomar
tomamos
vosotros tomar
tomasteis
ellos tomar
tomaron
yo comer
comí
tu comer
comiste
el comer
comió
nosotros comer
comimos
vosotros comer
comisteis
ellos comer
comieron
yo vivir
viví
tu vivir
viviste
el vivir
vivió
nosotros vivir
vivimos
vosotros vivir
vivisteis
ellos vivir
vivieron
The following are preterit stem-changing verbs
(Mark as incorrect)
yo buscar
busqué
yo pagar
pagué
yo realizar
realicé
yo dar
di
tu dar
diste
el dar
dio
nosotros dar
dimos
vosotros dar
disteis
ellos dar
dieron
yo ver
vi
tu ver
viste
el ver
vio
nosotros ver
vimos
vostros ver
visteis
ellos ver
vieron
yo oír
tu oír
oíste
el oír
oyó
nosotros oír
oímos
vosotros oír
oísteis
ellos oír
oyeron
yo caer
caí
tu caer
caíste
el caer
cayó
nosotros caer
caímos
vosotros caer
caísteis
ellos caer
cayeron
yo leer
leí
tu leer
leíste
el leer
leyó
nosotros leer
leímos
vosotros leer
leísteis
ellos leer
leyeron
yo construir
construí
tu construir
construíste
el construir
construyó
nosotros construir
construímos
vosotros construir
construísteis
ellos construir
construyeron
IR verbs that have stem changes in the present carry them over in their el/ellos forms in the preterit (flip card)
They have the form of e-i and o-u
el sentir
sintió
ellos sentir
sintieron
el pedir
pidió
ellos pedir
pidieron
el dormir
durmió
ellos dormir
durmieron
Stem-Changing preterit verbs section complete
(Mark this incorrect)
The following are Irregular verbs in the preterit
(Mark this incorrect)
yo ser/ir
fui
tu ser/ir
fuiste
el ser/ir
fue
nosotros ser/ir
fuimos
vosotros ser/ir
fuisteis
ellos ser/ir
fueron
These verbs are in the "j" group
traer
decir
producir
The "j" group has the following conjugations
-je
-jiste
-jo
-jimos
-jisteis
-jeron
These verbs are in the "i" group
querer
hacer
venir
The "i" group has the following stems followed by regular conjugations
quis-
hic-
vin-
These verbs are in the "u" group
estar
andar
poder
poner
saber
tener
The "u" group has the following stems followed by regular conjugations
estuv-
anduv-
pud-
pus-
sup-
tuv-
el hacer
hizo
preterit of hay
hubo
The following verbs have different meanings in the preterit
(Mark this incorrect)
Conocer
Regular Meaning: to know
Preterite Meaning: to met (for the first time)
Poder
Regular Meaning: to be able
Preterite Meaning: to suceeded
Querer
Regular Meaning: to want
Preterite Meaning: to tried
No querer
Regular Meaning: to not want
Preterite Meaning: refused
Saber
Regular Meaning: to know
Preterite Meaning: found out
Tener
Regular Meaning: to have
Preterite Meaning: to got, received
Preterite Section Completed
(Mark this incomplete)
The following are the formations of the imperfect tense
(Mark this incomplete)
AR verbs
-aba
-abas
-aba
-ábamos
-abais
-aban
IR verbs
-ía
-ías
-ía
-íamos
-íais
-ían
Irregular Imperfect Verb forms
(Mark as incomplete)
yo ir
iba
tu ir
ibas
el ir
iba
nosotros ir
íbamos
vosotros ir
ibais
ellos ir
iban
yo ser
era
tu ser
eras
el ser
era
nosotros ser
éramos
vosotros ser
erais
ellos ser
eran
yo ver
veía
tu ver
veías
el ver
veía
nosotros ver
veíamos
vosotros ver
veíais
ellos ver
veían
Imperfect form of hay
había