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527 Cards in this Set

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48
cuarenta y ocho
Are those (far away) blouses made of nylon?
Son aquellas blusas de nylon
Those (referring to objects far away from the person speaking and the person listening
aquel
acquella
aquellos
acquellas
I don't know
no lo se
those blouses over there are not made of nylon
aquellas blusas no son de nylon
Those (blouses) over there are not made of nylon
Aquellas no son de nylon
And those gloves over there?
y aquellos guantes
Those (gloves) over there are silk
Aquellos son de seda
Are those skirts over there made of cotton?
son aquellas faldas de algodon
These (blouses) or those (over there)
Estas o aquellas
pants
los pantalones
Those pants over there are not made out of nylon
Aquellos pantalones no son de nylon
Those (pants) over there are not made out of nylon
Aquellos no son de nylon
And that suit over there
Y aquel traje?
to cost (present tense, gerund, past participle)
cuesta
cuestan
costando
costado
to cost (past tense)
costo
costaron
to cost (imperfecto)
costaba
costaban
to cost (futuro)
costara
costaran
to cost (conditional)
costaria
costarian
to cost (imperfect subjunctive)
costara
costaran
And that suit over there-how much is it?
y aquel traje-quanto cuesta?
a thousand pesos
mil pesos
That one (suit) over there costs a thousand pesos
aquel cuesta mil pesos
Is that suit over there silk?
es aquel traje de seda?
That one (near you) or that one over there
ese o aquel?
And that suit over there-how much is it?
y aquel traje-quanto cuesta?
a thousand pesos
mil pesos
That one (suit) over there costs a thousand pesos
aquel cuesta mil pesos
Is that suit over there silk?
es aquel traje de seda?
That one (near you) or that one over there
ese o aquel?
How much is that scarf over there
Quanto cuesta aquella bufanda?
one hundred
cien
ciento
two hundred
doscientos
That one (scarf) over there costs two hundred pesos
Aquella cuesta doscientos pesos
Is that yellow scarf over there made of silk
Es acquella bufanda amarilla de seda
to like (present, gerund, past participle)
gusta
gustan
gustando
gustado
to like (past tense)
gusto
gustaron
to like (imperfect)
gustaba
gustaban
to like (futuro)
gustara
gustaran
to like (conditional)
gustaria
gustarian
to like (imperfect subjunctive)
gustara
gustaran
I like
(a mi) me gusta
I like the beach
(a mi) me gusta la playa
I like all beaches
(a mi) me gustan todas las playas
I like all vegetables
me gustan todos los vegetales
They like meat
(a ellos) les gusta la carne
I like strawberries
(a mi) me gustan las fresas
We like grapes
(a nosotros) nos gustan las uvas
butter
la mantequilla
las mantequillas
she likes butter
(a ella) le gusta la mantequilla
What beach do you like to go to?
a que playa te gusta ir?
Pacific Ocean
El Oceano Pacifico
I like to go to the beach in the Pacific Ocean
(a mi) me gusta ir al la playa en el Oceano Pacifico
I like the beaches in the Pacific Ocean
(a mi) me gustan las playas en el Oceano Pacifico
What beach do you (plural) all like to go to?
A que playa les gusta ir?
Atlantic Ocean
El Oceano Atlantico
We like to go to the beach in the Atlantic Ocean
(a nosotros) nos gusta ir al la playa en el Oceano Atlantico
summer
el verano
los veranos
Where would you (plural) all like to travel to this summer?
A donde les gustaria viajar este verano
Would like (conditional tense)
gustaria
gustarian
Atlantic Ocean
El Oceano Atlantico
We like to go to the beach in the Atlantic Ocean
(a nosotros) nos gusta ir al la playa en el Oceano Atlantico
summer
el verano
los veranos
Where would you (plural) all like to travel to this summer?
A donde les gustaria viajar este verano
Would like (conditional tense)
gustaria
gustarian
We would like to go to the lake this summer
Nos gustaria ir al lago este verano
winter
el invierno
los inviernos
What do you(formal sing) like to do in the winter?
Que le gusta hacer (a usted) en invierno?
to ski (present tense, gerund, past participle)
esquiar
esquio
esquias
esquia
esquiamos
esquian
esquiando
esquiado
to ski (past tense)
esquie
esquiaste
esquio
esquiamos
esquiaron
to ski (future tense)
esquiare
esquiaras
esquiara
esquiaremos
esquiaran
to ski (imperfect subjunctive)
esquiara
esquiaras
esquiara
esquiaramos
esquiaran
I like to ski in the winter
(a mi) me gusta esquiar en invierno.
Where do you like to ski?
Donde te gusta esquiar?
Switzerland
Suiza
I like to ski in Switzerland
me gusta esquiar en Suiza
vacation (holidays)
las vacaciones
Where would you like to go vacationing in the summer
A donde te gustaria ir de vacaciones en verano
I would like to go to Paris
me gustaria ir a Paris
Do you like the big cities?
te gustan las grandes ciudades?
Yes, I like big cities a lot
Si, me gustan mucho las grandes ciudades
And with whom would you like to go to Paris
Y con quien te gustaria ir a Paris
I would like to go with my brothers
Me gustaria ir con mis hermanos
Yes, they would like to go to Paris, but they don't like big cities.
Si (a ellos) les gustaria ir a Paris, pero no les gustan las grandes ciudades
And do they like French cheeses?
y (a ellos) les gustan los quesos Franceses?
Yes, they like all cheeses
Si, (a ellos) les gustan todos los quesos
And do they like French wine?
y (a ellos) les gusta el vino Frances?
They like French wine, but they don't like ham
(a ellos) les gusta el vino Frances, pero no les gusta el jamon
frog legs
las ancas de rana
Do they like frog legs?
les gustan las ancas de rana?
I don't know
no lo se
to try (to test, to sample) (present tense)
probar
pruebo
pruebas
prueba
probamos
prueban
probando
probado
to try (to test, to sample) imperativo
prueba
pruebe
prueben
no pruebes
no pruebe
no prueben
to try (to test to sample)(future)
probare
probaras
probara
probaremos
probaran
to try (to test to sample) (past tense)
probe
probaste
probo
probamos
probaron
to try (to make an effort)(present, gerund, past participle)
tratar
trato
tratas
trata
tratamos
tratan
You should try them (frog legs)
Deberias probarlas
To try (to make an effort) (past)
trate
trataste
trato
tratamos
trataron
They have never tried them (frog legs)
Ellos nunca las han probado
He has just asked
(El) acaba de preguntar
He has just said
(El) acaba de decir
49
cuarenta y nueve
to love (doing something)(present tense, gerund, past participle)
encantar
encanta
encantan
encantando
encantado
I love to ski in Switzerland
me encanta esquiar en suiza
Do you love to ski in Switzerland
te encanta esquiar en Suiza?
When you were little, did you love to ski?
Quando eras piqueno, te encantaba esquiar
When I was young, I loved to ski
Quando (yo) era joven, me encantaba esquiar
I love the mountains
me encantan las montanas
to skate (present, gerund, past participle)
patinar
patino
patinas
patina
patinamos
patinan
patinando
patinado
to skate (conditional)
patinaria
patinarias
patinaria
patinariamos
patinarian
to skate (future)
patinare
patinaras
patinara
patinaremos
patinaran
to skate (past)
patine
patinaste
patino
patinamos
patinaron
They love to skate in the park
(a ellos) les encanta patinar en el parque
We love to skate in the park
nos encanta patinar en el parque
They love parks
(a ellos) les encantan los parques
When they were young, did they love parks?
Quando ellos eran jovenes, les encantaban los parques
I would love to visit Paris
me encantaria visitar Paris
I would love to skate in Central Park
me encantaria patinar en El Parque Central
Would you all love to skate in Central Park?
les encantaria patinar (a ustedes) en el parque central?
to fascinate (present, gerund, past participle)
fascinar
fascina
fascinan
fascinando
fascinado
to fascinate (imperfect)
fascinaba
fascinaban
to fascinate (conditional)
fascinaria
fascinarian
jungle
la jungla
las junglas
The jungle fascinates me
(a mi) me fascina la jungla
No, the jungle doesn't fascinate me
No, ( a mi) no me fascina la jungla
spring (season)
la primavera
las primaveras
Spring fascinates her
(a ella) le fascina la primavera
Spring and summer fascinates children
a los ninos les fascinan la primavera y el verano
fall (season)
el otono
los otonos
Spring in London fascinates us
nos fascina la primavera en londres
Does spring in london fascinate you all (plural)?
(a ustedes) les fascina la primavera en londres?
No, fall in london does not fascinate us.
no, no nos fascina el otono en londres
But when we were young, fall in london fascinated us
pero eramos jovenes, nos fascinaba el otono en londres
The museums in london fascinate the students
a los estudiantes les fascinan los museos en londres
to interest (present, gerund, past participle)
interesar
interesa
interesan
interesando
interesado
to interest (past tense)
intereso
interesaron
to interest (future tense)
interesara
interesaran
to interest (imperfect)
interesaba
interesaban
to interest (conditional)
interesaria
interesarian
fishing (noun)
la pesca
Fishing interests me
(a mi) me interesa la pesca
When you used to live in Mexico, did fishing interest you?
Quando te vivias en Mexico, te interesaba la pesca?
No, when I used to live in Mexico, fishing did not interest me.
No, quando (yo) vivia en Mexico, no me interesaba la pesca
basketball
el baloncesto
los baloncestos
young people
los jovenes
Basketball interests young people
a los jovenes les interesa el baloncesto
sports
los deportes
We are interested in sports
nos interesan los deportes
When we lived in Colombia, we were interested in sports
Quando viviamos en Colombia, nos interesaban los deportes
50
cincuenta
Basketball interests young people
a los jovenes les interesa el baloncesto
When we lived in Columbia, we were interested in sports
Quando viviamos en Colombia, nos interesaban los deportes
baseball
el beisbol
los beisboles
What interests him?
Que le interesa (a el)?
Baseball interests him
(a el) le interesa el beisbol
tennis
el tenis
I am not interested in baseball. I am interested in tennis.
(a mi) no me interesa el beisbol. Me interesa el tenis.
to bother (present tense, gerund, past participle)
molestar
molesta
molestan
molestando
molestado
Drinking cold coffee bothers me
Me molesta beber el cafe frio
rainy
lluvioso
lluviosa
lluviosos
lluviosas
Do rainy days bother you?
te molestan los dias lluviosos
Yes, rainy days bother me.
Si, (a mi) me molestan los dias lluviosos
Did rainy days bother you (fam. sing) when you lived in Columbia
te molestaban los dias lluviosos quando vivias en Colombia?
Yes rainy days bothered me when I lived in Columbia
Si, me molestaban los dias lluviosos quando vivia en Colombia.
What is wrong with her?
Que le pasa (a ella)?
hot (adjective to describe things other than weather)
caliente
calientes
Drinking hot beer bothers her
(a ella) le molesta beber la cerveza caliente
Does drinking hot beer bother your father in law?
A tu suegro le molesta beber la cerveza caliente?
Yes, drinking hot beer bothers my father in law.
Si, a mi suegro le molesta beber la cerveza caliente
dark
oscuro
oscura
oscuros
oscuras
Dark glasses bother her.
(a ella) le molestan las gafas oscuras.
Yes, dark glasses also bother me.
Si, tambien (a mi) me molestan las gafas oscuras.
What's wrong with them?
Que les pasa (a ellos)?
loud
fuerte
fuertes
loud music bothers them
a ellos les molesta la musica fuerte
Does loud music bother all of you?
les molesta a ustedes la musica fuerte?
Yes, loud music bothers us.
Si, nos molesta la musica fuerte
Did loud music bother you all when you were young?
les molestaba a ustedes la musica fuerte quando eran jovenes.
No, loud music didn't bother us when we were young.
No, no nos molestaba la musica fuerte quando eramos jovenes.
wet
mojado
mojada
mojados
mojadas
What's wrong with you guys?
Que les pasa (a ustedes)?
Wet shoes bother us
Nos molestan los zapatos mojados.
And them, what bothers them?
y a ellos, que les molesta?
creased (as in pants)
arrugado
arrugada
arrugados
arrugadas
creased pants bother them
(a ellos) les molestan los pantalones arrugados
to like (a person) (in a friendly way)(present, gerund, past participle)
caer bien
cae bien
caen bien
cayendo bien
caido bien
I like Peter
(a mi) me cae bien Pedro
She likes the students
a ella le caen bien los estudiantes
Do you like the students?
te caen bien los estudiantes?
to not like (a person)
caer mal
I dislike John
me cae mal Juan
No, I don't dislike John
no, no me cae mal Juan
I like John a lot
Juan me cae muy bien
I like the party and the flowers fascinate me.
me gusta la fiesta y me fascinan las flores
besides
ademas
loud music doesn't bother me, and besides I like the musicians a lot
no me molesta la musica fuerte, ademas me caen muy bien los musicos
I don't like the waiter
me cae mal el camarero
waiter
el camarero
los camareros
51
cincuenta y uno
I want you (formal sing) to speak spanish in the class
(yo) quiero que (usted) hable espanol en la clase
to speak (present subjunctive)
hable
hables
hable
hablemos
hablen
What do you (formal sing) want me to do?
Que quiere (usted) que (yo) haga?
I want you (formal sing) to speak spanish in the clase
(yo) quiero que usted hable espanol en la clase.
I want all of my students to speak spanish
(yo) quiero que todos mis estudiantes hablen espanol.
What language does she want them to speak?
Que idoma (ella) quiere que (ellos) hablen?
She wants all her students to speak spanish
Ella quiere que todos sus estudiantes hablen espanol
The professor tells us: Please speak spanish
El professor nos dice: Por favor hablen espanol
The teacher wants us to speak spanish
El professor quiere que (nosotros) hablemos espanol
What does the professor want us to do?
Que quiere el professor que hagamos
The teacher wants us to speak spanish
El professor quiere que hablemos espanol
to answer, to reply (to)(present tense, gerund, past participle)
contestar
contesto
contestas
constesta
contestamos
contestan
contestando
contestado
to answer, to reply (to) (present subjunctive
conteste
contestes
conteste
contestemos
contesten
to do, to make (present subjunctive)
haga
hagas
haga
hagamos
hagan
I want you (formal sing) to answer all of my questions
Quiero que Usted conteste todas mis preguntas
I want you (informal sing) to answer all my questions
quiero que contestes todas mis preguntas
What do you (informal sing) want me to do?
que quieres que haga?
difficult
dificil
dificiles
difficult questions
preguntas dificiles
we want (present tense)
queremos
we want the students to answer the difficult questions
queremos que los estudiantes contesten las preguntas dificiles
And what questions do you guys want the students to answer?
y que preguntas quieren ustedes que contesten los estudiantes
We want them to answer the difficult questions
queremos que (ellos) contesten las preguntas dificiles
She wants you (informal, sing) to arrive early
Ella quiere que llegues temprano
What does she want me to do?
Que quiere ella que haga
What does she want them to do?
Que quiere ella que ellos hagan?
She wants them to arrive early too.
Ella quiere que ellos lleguen temprano tambien
They want us to arrive late
Ellos quieren que lleguemos tarde
What do they want us to do?
Que quieren ellos que hagamos
to wish, to desire (present tense, gerund, past participle)
desear
deseo
deseas
desea
deseamos
desean
deseando
deseado
to wish, to desire (past tense)
desee
deseaste
deseo
deseamos
desearon
Please, don't (formal, sing) eat dinner too late
por favor no cene tan tarde
I wish that you (formal sing) do not eat dinner too late
Deseo que no cene usted tan tarde
What does he wish you to do
Que desea (el) que hagas?
to wish, to desire (present tense, gerund, past participle)
desear
deseo
deseas
desea
deseamos
desean
deseando
deseado
to wish, to desire (past tense)
desee
deseaste
deseo
deseamos
desearon
Please, don't (formal, sing) eat dinner too late
por favor no cene tan tarde
I wish that you (formal) do not eat dinner too late
Deseo que usted no cene tan tarde
What does he wish you to do
Que desea (el) que hagas?
52
cincuenta y dos
What does he wish you to do?
Que desea (el) que (tu) hagas?
He wishes that I don't eat dinner too late
(El) desea que (yo) no cene tan tarde
We wish that they would eat breakfast early
deseamos que (ellos) desayunen temprano
What do we wish them to do
Que deseamos que ellos hagan?
They wish that we eat lunch in their house.
(Ellos) desean que almorzemos en su casa
What do they wish us to do?
Que desean (ellos) que hagamos?
Do they wish that we eat lunch early
Desean ellos que almorzemos temprano?
No, they wish that you all eat lunch late.
No, ellos desean que ustedes almorzen tarde.
To eat lunch (present subjunctive)
almuerze
almuerzes
almuerze
almorzemos
almuerzen
to eat breakfast (present subjunctive)
desayune
desayunes
desayune
desayunemos
desayunen
to prefer (present tense, gerund, past participle)
preferir
prefiero
prefieres
prefiere
preferimos
prefieren
to prefer (past tense)
preferi
preferiste
prefirio
preferimos
prefirieron
to prefer (present subjunctive)
prefiera
prefieras
prefiera
prefieramos
prefieran
to prefer (imperfect subjunctive)
prefiriera
prefirieras
prefiriera
prefirieramos
prefirieran
I prefer that you (formal sing) don't smoke in the class
(yo) prefiero que usted no fume en la clase
What does she prefer you (informal sing) to do?
Que prefiere (ella) que (tu) hagas?
to sit down (reflexive) (present tense, gerund, past participle)
sentarse
me siento
te sientas
se sienta
nos sentamos
se sientan
to sit down (future)
me sentare
te sentaras
se sentara
nos sentaremos
se sentaran
to sit down (present subjunctive)
me siente
te sientes
se siente
nos sentemos
se sienten
sit down (imperativo)
sientate
sientese
sientense
no te sientes
no se siente
no se sienten
We prefer that you all sit down here
preferimos que ustedes se sienten aqui
What do they prefer that we do?
Que prefieren ellos que hagamos?
They prefer that we sit there
Ellos prefieren que nos sentemos alli.
I prefer that you (informal sing) sit down on the floor)
prefiero que te sientes en el suelo
to hope (present tense, gerund, past participle)
esperar
espero
esperas
espera
esperamos
esperan
esperando
esperado
to hope (conditional)
esperaria
esperarias
esperaria
esperariamos
esperarian
We hope that you (formal sing) sit down on the floor.
esperamos que (usted) se siente en el suelo
Do you (formal sing) want me to speak spanish with my friends
Quiere (usted) que (yo) hable espanol con mis amigos?
I prefer to speak english with my friends and spanish in the classroom
prefiero hablar ingles con mis amigos y espanol en la clase
Do you wish(formal sing) that I do my exercises at home and not in the classroom?
desea (usted) que yo haga mis ejercicios en casa y no en la clase?
I prefer to do the exercises at home, but sometimes I don't have time.
prefiero hacer ejercicios en casa, pero a veces no tengo tiempo.
My parents also hope that I arrive at class early.
Mis padres tambien esperan que (yo) llegue a clase temprano.
Yes, they want me and my sister to speak spanish well.
Si, ellos quieren que yo y mi hermana hablemos bien espanol.
You're (formal sing) right
tiene razon
53
cincuenta y tres
I want you (informal sing) to come here
quiero que vengas aqui
What do you (informal sing) want me to do?
Que quieres que (yo) haga?
I want you (informal sing) to come to the movies.
Quiero que vengas al cine
alone
solo
53
cincuenta y tres
I want you (informal sing) to come here
quiero que vengas aqui
What do you (informal sing) want me to do?
Que quieres que (yo) haga?
I want you (informal sing) to come to the movies.
Quiero que vengas al cine
alone
solo
sola
She wants the children to come alone
Ella quiere que los ninos vengan solos
together
junto
junta
juntos
juntas
They want us to come together
Ellos quieren que vengamos juntos
in a hurry; quickly
rapidamente o deprisa
to go (present subjunctive)
vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayan
We wish that she goes home quickly
Deseamos que ella vaya a casa deprisa
slowly
despacio o lentamente
He wishes that we go slowly
(el) desea que vayamos despacio
The parents wish that their children go slowly on their bicycles
los padres desean que sus hijos vayan despacio en sus bicicletas
What do the parents wish their children to do?
Que desean los padres que sus hijos hagan
They don't wish them to go fast on their bicycles
Ellos no desean que ellos vayan deprisa en sus bicicletas
healthy
saludable
saludables
He prefers that she eat healthy food
el prefiere que ella coma comida saludable
healthy
saludable
saludables
What does she prefer that they do?
Que prefiere ella que ellos hagan?
She prefers that they eat healthy food too
Ella prefiera que ellos coman comida saludable tambien
fast food
comida rapida
They prefer that we eat fast food
Ellos prefieren que comamos comida rapida
to feel (ill, well) (present tense, gerund, past participle)
Sentirse
me siento
te sientes
se siente
nos sentimos
se sienten
sintiendose
sentidose
to feel (ill, well) (present subjunctive)
me sienta
te sientas
se sienta
nos sentamos
se sientan
to feel (ill, well) imperativo
sientete
sientase
sientanse
no te sientas
no se sienta
no se sientan
I feel very bad
me siento muy mal
I want a doctor to come see you (informal sing)
Quiero que venga un doctor (medico) a verte
I prefer that you (informal sing) take me to the doctor.
preferio que me lleves al doctor (medico)
something
algo
to sleep (present tense, gerund, past participle)
dormir
duermo
duermes
duerme
dormimos
duermen
dormiendo
dormido
to sleep (future tense)
dormire
dormiras
dormira
dormiremos
dormiran
to sleep (past tense)
dormi
dormiste
dormio
dormimos
dormieron
to sleep (present subjunctive)
duerma
duermas
duerma
durmamos
duerman
to sleep (imperfect subjunctive)
durmiera
durmieras
durmiera
durmieramos
durmieran
I want you (informal, sing) to sleep a little
Quiero que duermas un poco
I prefer that you (informal, sing) make me some tea
prefiero que me hagas (un) te
first
primero
54
Cincuenta y cuatro
What do they prefer that we do?
Que prefieren (ellos) que hagamos
They prefer that we eat fast food
(Ellos) prefieren que comamos comida rapida
sweet
dulce
dulces
so many sweets
tantos dulces
I prefer that you (informal sing) don't eat so many sweets
Prefiero que no comas tantos dulces
I wish for him to eat vegetables
Deseo que (el) coma vejetales
I tell him
le digo (a el)
I tell him to eat vegetables every day.
(a el) le digo que coma vejetales todos los dias.
I tell him to eat meat and potatoes every day.
le digo que el coma carne y papas todos los dias
What do you (formal sing) tell him every day?
Que le dice (usted) (a el) todos los dias?
I tell him not to eat meat every day.
le digo que (el) no coma carne todos los dias
They tell us to drink a lot of water
(ellos) nos dicen que bebamos mucha acqua
What do they tell us to do?
Que nos dicen que hagamos?
They tell us to drink a lot of water
(ellos) nos dicen que bebamos mucha agua
They tell us to drink a lot of water every day.
(ellos) nos dicen que bebamos mucha agua todos los dias
alcohol
el alcohol
We tell them
les decimos (a ellos)
We tell them to drink less alcohol
les decimos que (ellos) beban menos alcohol
What do you (plural) tell them
Que les dicen ustedes a ellos?
What do you (plural) tell them to do?
Que les dicen ustedes a ellos que hagan?
We tell them to drink less alcohol.
(nosotros) les decimos (a ellos) que beban menos alcohol.
We tell them to drink a lot of water every day.
les decimos (a ellos) que beban mucha agua todos los dias
We tell you
te decimos
We tell you (informal sing) to drink red wine with dinner
te decimos que bebas vino tinto con la cena.
What do we tell you to drink?
Que te decimos que bebas?
You guys tell me to drink red wine with dinner
(ustedes) me dicen que beba vinto tinto con la cena.
I ask you (informal, sing) to open the store.
te pido que abras la tienda
What do I ask you to open?
Que te pido que abras?
You ask me to open the store
me pides que abra la tienda
Do I ask you (informal, sing) to open the window?
te pido que abras la ventana?
No, you don't ask me to open the window
No, no me pides que abra la ventana
They ask us to open the door now
piden que abramos la puerta ahora
pastry shop
la pastalaria
las pastalarias
cake
la torta
las tortas
I want you to go to the pastry shop and buy a cake
Quiero que vayas a la pastalaria y compres una torta
What do you want me to buy?
de que quieres que la compre.
I want you to buy a chocolate cake
quiero que compres una torte de chocolate
Do you wish them to put strawberries on the cake for her?
deseas que le pongan fresas en la torta?
No, I prefer that they don't put strawberries on the cake for her
No, prefiero que no le pongan fresas en law torta (a ella)
I prefer that you all come home
prefiero que vengan a casa
No I don't want you to cook anything
No, no quiero que cocines nada
I am going to cook tonight
voy a cocinar esta noche
I wish for us to eat fish tonight
deseo que comamos pescado esta noche
Do you want me to bring a bottle of wine?
quieres que traiga una botella de vino
I would love to
me encantaria
Do you need anything else?
necesitas algo mas?
Oh, I want you to bring flowers home tonight.
Ah, quiero que triagas flores a casa esta noche
And I want you to come with all your family tonight
Yo quiero que vengas con toda tu famila esta noche?
I hope we drink a lot of wine
espero que bebamos mucho vino
Sure, count on it
Seguro, cuenta con ello
sick
infermo
inferma
infermos
infermas
I (male) am sick
Estoy infermo
Peter is sick
Pedro esta infermo
Mary is sick
Maria esta inferma
important
importante
importantes
It is important
es importante
to stay, to remain (present tense, gerund, past participle)
quedarse
me quedo
te quedas
se queda
nos quedamos
se quedan
quedandose
quedadose
to stay, to remain (past tense)
me quede
te quedaste
se quedo
nos quedamos
se quedaron
She stays at home
(ella) se queda en casa
He stays at the office
(el) se queda en la oficina
It is important that she stays at home.
es importante que (ella) se quede en casa.
to remain, to stay (present subjunctive
me quede
te quedes
se quede
nos quedemos
se queden
It is important that she stays in the living room
Es importante que (ella) se quede en la sala
It is important that he stays in the kitchen.
Es importante que (el) se quede en la cocina
to rest (present tense, gerund, past participle)
descansar
descanso
descansas
descansa
descansamos
descansan
descansando
descansado
to rest (imperfect)
descansaba
descansabas
descansaba
descansabamos
descansaban
to rest (conditional)
descansaria
descansarias
descansaria
descansariamos
descansarian
to rest (present subjunctive)
descanse
descanses
descanse
descansemos
descansen
to rest (imperfect subjunctive)
descansara
descansaras
descanasara
descansaramos
descansaran
It is important that she rest in the bedroom
Es importante que (ella) descanse en el dormitorio
medicine
la medicina
las medicinas
She takes the medicine
(Ella) toma la medicina
It is important that she takes the medicine
Es importante que (ella) tome la medicina
better
mejor
It's better
es mejor
Paul is sick
Pablo esta infermo
It is better if he stays at home
Es mejor que (el) se quede en casa
to examine (present tense, gerund, past participle)
examinar
examino
examinas
examina
examinamos
examinan
to examine (present subjunctive)
examine
examines
examine
examinemos
examinen
It is better if the doctor examines him.
Es mejor que el doctor lo examine
temperature
la temperatura
las temperaturas
We take his temperature
le tomamos la tempuratura (a el)
It's better if we take his temperature
es mejor que le tomemos la temperatura
necessary
necesario
necesaria
necesarios
necesarias
it's necessary
es necesario
The children are sick
los ninos estan infermos
It's necessary that the stay at home
es necesario que (ellos) se queden en (la) casa
It's better that they rest
es mejor que (ellos) descansen
It's important that they take the medicine
es importante que (ellos) (se) tomen la medicina
We are sick
estamos infermos
we stay at home
nos quedamos en casa
It's necessary that we stay in the dining room
es necesario que nos quedemos en el comedor
It is better that we rest
es mejor que descansemos
It is better that we rest in the bedroom
es mejor que descansemos en el dormitorio
It is important that we take the medicines
es importante que tomemos las medicinas
It is necessary that you (informal sing) stay at home
es necesario que te quedes en casa
It's better that you (informal, sing) rest
es mejor que descanses
It's important that you take the medicine (two ways)
Es importante que tomes la medicina
o
es importante que te tomes la medicina
It's better that I stay at home
es mejor que me quede en casa
It's important that I take the medicine
(two ways)
Es importante que me tome la medicina o
Es importante que tome la medicina
it's better that I rest
es mejor que (yo) descanse
It is necessary that I examine you (formal sing)
es necesario que lo examine
It is necessary that I take your (formal sing) temperature
Es necesario que le tome la temperatura
It is necessary that you (formal sing) take this medicine
Es necesario que (se) tome esta medicina
It is important that you (formal, sing) rest in the bed
es importante que descanse en la cama
It's better that you (formal sing) take lots of water
es mejor que tome mucha agua
It's better if you (formal sing) don't work today
es mejor que no trabaje hoy
It's better if you (formal, sing) don't work today
es mejor que no trabaje hoy
to hurt, to ache, to be in pain, to regret (present tense, gerund, past participle)
Doler
duelo
dueles
duele
dolemos
duelen
doliendo
dolido
I hurt all over
me duele todo
tired
cansado
cansada
cansados
cansadas
I am very tired
Estoy muy cansado
head
la cabeza
las cabezas
I don't like to take medicine
no me gusta tomar medicina
It is better that I sleep a lot
Es mejor que duerma un rato
56
cincuenta y ses
to get better, to get well, to recover (present tense, gerund, past participle)
mejorarse
me mejoro
te mejoras
se mejora
nos mejoramos
se mejoran
mejorandose
mejoradose
It's necessary to rest
es necesario descansar
It's necessary to rest at home
es necesario descansar en (la) casa
in order to get better, it is necessary to rest at home
para mejorarse, es necesario descansar en (la) casa
to get better, it is necessary to stay at home
para mejorarse, es necesario quedarse en (la) casa
to get better, it is important to stay in bed
para mejorarse, es importante quedarse en (la) cama
to get better, it is better to take the medicines.
para mejorarse, es mejor tomar(se) las medicinas
Is it important to study in a school?
es importante estudiar en una escuela?
Is it important to study in a school to learn a language?
es importante estudiar en una escuela para aprender un idioma?
No, it is not important to study in a school to learn a language
No, no es importante estudiar en una escuela para aprender un idioma
In order to learn a language, it is important to study every day
para aprender un idioma es importante estudiar todos los dias
What is necessary to learn a language?
Que es necesario para aprender un idioma?
native speaker
el hablante nativo
os hablantes natovos
in order to learn a language, it is necessary to listen to a native speaker
para aprender un idioma, es necesario escuchar a un hablante nativo
In order to learn a language what is necessary is to listen to a native speaker
para aprender un idioma, lo necesario es escuchar a un hablante nativo
What is the best thing to do to learn a language?
Que es lo mejor para aprender un idioma
to live abroad
vivir en el exterior
in order to learn a language, it is best (using lo mejor) to live abroad
para aprender un idioma, lo mejor es vivir en el exterior
In order to learn a language, it is better to live abroad
para aprender un idioma, es mejor vivir en el exterior
What is the most important thing to do to learn a language?
Que es lo mas importante para aprender un idioma?
To learn a language, the most important thing is to practice all the time
para aprender un idioma, lo mas importante es practicar todo el tiempo
57
cincuenta y siete
weight
el peso
los pesos
What is important in order to lose weight?
Que es importante para perder peso?
healthy food
la comida saludable
In order to lose weight, it is important that you (sing, informal) eat healthy food
para perder peso, es importante que comas comida saludable
57
cincuenta y siete
weight
el peso
los pesos
What is important in order to lose weight?
Que es importante para perder peso?
healthy food
la comida saludable
In order to lose weight, it is important that you (sing, informal) eat healthy food
para perder peso, lo importante es que comas comida saludable
57
cincuenta y siete
weight
el peso
los pesos
What is important in order to lose weight?
Que es importante para perder peso?
healthy food
la comida saludable
In order to lose weight, what's important is that you (sing, informal) eat healthy food
para perder peso, lo importante es que comas comida saludable
In order to lose weight, what is important is that you (informal sing) eat healthy
para perder peso, lo importante es que comas saludable
What is necessary in order to lose weight?
Que es necesario para perder peso?
In order to lose weight, what is necessary is that you (informal sing) do exercises
para perder peso, lo necesario es que hagas ejercisios
In order to lose weight, what is necessary is that you (informal sing) do exercises every day
para perder peso, lo necesario es que hagas ejercisios todos los dias
Is it better that you (formal sing) eat less in order to lose weight?
es mejor que usted coma menos para perder peso?
No, in order to lose weight, what is better is that you (formal sing) eat healthier
no, para perder peso, lo mejor es que usted coma mas saludable
What is necessary in order to travel abroad?
Que es necesario para viajar al exterior
In order to travel abroad, what is necessary is that you (formal sing) buy a ticket
para viajar al exterior, lo necesario es que (usted) compre un boleto
airline ticket
el boleto de avion
los boletos de avion
In order to travel abroad, what is necessary is that you (formal sing) buy an airline ticket.
para viajar al exterior, lo necesario es que usted compre un boleto de avion.
to have, to hold (present subjunctive)
tenga
tengas
tenga
tengamos
tengan
in order to travel abroad, what is important is that you formal sing) have an airline ticket
para viajar al exterior, lo importante es que usted tenga un boleto de avion
travel guide
la guia de viaje
las guias de viaje
in order to travel abroad, it is better that you (formal sing) have a travel guide
para viajar al exterior, es mejor que usted tenga una guia de viaje
What is the most important thing in order to travel abroad?
Que es lo mas importante para viajar al exterior?
to take (i.e. to carry something or to transport something)
llevar
In order to travel abroad, the most important thing is that you (formal sing) take your passport
para viajar al exterior, lo mas importante es que usted lleve su pasaporte.
In order to travel abroad, the most important thing is that you (formal sing) take you clothes
para viajar al exterior, lo mas importante es que usted lleve su ropa
I am not feeling well
no me siento bien
Albert and Susana are not feeling well
Alberto y Susana no se sienten bien
It is necessary that I go to the doctor
Es necesario que yo vaya al medico (o al doctor)
The doctor (male) examines me
El medico me examina
The doctor examines them
el medico los examina
The doctor takes my temperature
el medico me toma la temperatura
The doctor takes their temperature
el doctor les toma la temperatura
prescription
la receta
las recetas
The doctor gives me a prescription
El medico me da una receta
The doctor gives them a prescription
El medico les da una receta (al ellos)
I buy the medicine at the pharmacy
compro la medicina en la farmacia
They buy the medicine at the pharmacy
(ellos) compran la medicina en la farmacia
I feel better
me siento mejor
They feel better
ellos se sienten mejor
58
cincuenta y ocho
to wait (present tense, gerund,
past participle)
to expect
to hope
esperar
espero
esperas
espera
esperamos
esperan
esperando
esperado
Mr Rodriguez waits
el senor Rodriguez espera
to repair (present tense, gerund, past participle)

to notice
to observe
to mend
reparar
reparo
reparas
repara
reparamos
reparan
reparando
reparado
They repair the car
ellos reparan el carro
until
hasta
He waits until they repair the car
El espera hasta que ellos reparen el carro
We will sleep until the alarm cock rings
dormiremos hasta que el despertador suene
guest
el invitado
los invitados
we don't eat until the guests come
no comemos hasta que vengan los invitados
We don't eat until the mother in law comes
no comemos hasta que venga la suegra
to deposit
to put (e.g. money in a bank)
(present tense, gerund, past participle)
depositar
deposito
depositas
deposita
depositamos
depositan
depositando
depositado
to sign (present tense, gerund, past participle)
firmar
firmo
firmas
firma
firmamos
firman
firmando
firmado
check (i.e. bank check)
el cheque
los cheques
I cannot deposit the check until he signs it.
no puedo depositar hasta que el lo firme
They tell us how much it costs
ellos nos dicen cuanto questa
They tell us how much it costs before they repair it.
Ellos nos dicen cuanto questa antes de que lo reparen
They tell him how much it costs before they repair it.
Ellos le dicen (a el) cuanto cuesta antes de que reparen
I tell him how much it costs before I repair it.
le digo (a el) cuanto questa antes de que lo repare
age
la edad
las edades
He is 18 years old
El tiene diez y ocho anos de edad
His parents don't lend him the car until he turns 18.
Sus padres no le prestan (a el) el carro hasta que tenga diez y ocho anos de edad
My parents don't load me the car until I reach 18
mis padres no me prestan el carro hasta que tenga diez y ocho anos de edad
I can work until my children arrive
puedo trabajar antes de que llegen mis hijos
I can work until my guests arrive
puedo trabajar antes de que llegen mis invitados
Young people should not drink before they are 21
los jovenes no deben beber alcohol antes de que tengan veintiun anos (de edad)