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145 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Latinoamerica
Iber + franco
Hispanamerica
spanish speaking
iberoamerica
hispan + lus
Indoamerica
Argentina uruguay islas
Afroamerica
EEUU Brasil Dom Rep
Mexico
Ciudad de mexico
Cuba
habana
Jamaica
Kingston
Haiti
Puerto Principe
La Republica Dominicana
Santo Domingo
Puerto Rico
San Juan
Belice
Belmopan
Guatemala
La Ciudad de Guatemala
Honduras
Tegucigalps
El Salvador
San Salvador
Nicaragua
Managua
Costa Rica
San Jose
Panama
Ciudad de panama
Venezuela
Caracas
Colombia
Bogota
Ecuador
Quito
Peru
Lima
Brasil
Brasilia
Bolivia
La Paz
Paraguay
Asuncion
Chile
Santiago
Argentina
Buenos Aires
Uruguay
Montevideo
4 eventos de 1942
1) Granada
2) Colon
3) Nebrija
4) Expulsion de los judios
What did nebrija do?
Wrote a modern language
When was the explusion de los moros?
1502
Who promulgado el Tratado de Tordesillas?
Papa Alejandro VI of portugal
Who was the first portuguese in america?
Pedro Cabral 1500
When was the linea de demarcacion moved?
1494
How many trips did colon make to the new world?
4
What two regions did isabel and fernando II unite
castilla y leon
What was the first island colon landed on?
san salvador
Naming of islas in order
dios, virgen, rey, reina, princesa, nacion
Who wanted to change the linea de demarcacion?
Juan II (joao II)
Who did isabel and fernando contract to circundar sudamerica?
amerigo vespucci
Who did the portugueses contratar to circundar africa to india?
Vasco da gama 1498
What did cabral do?
repetited gama's trip but got lost and ended up in Brasil which he declared for the portugueses
How old was isabel when she died?
53
What does the brasilian flag say?
ordem y progeso
Who married Juana la loca?
Felipe el hermoso
Where was Cortes from?
extremadura
Who was Carlos V?
emperador de espana- nieto de isabel y fernando... became Carlos I as rey
Who was Juan II?
papa de isable
In what year did enrique IV, hermano mayor de isable, get to the throne?
1454
In what year did Juan declare isabel su heredera
1468
When was the matrimonio con Fermando II de Aragon?
1469
how many cronicas did colon keep?
2 para no espantar sus marineros
When did vespucci llego to sudameria?
1497
What did vespucci determine about south america?
no era la india... el hemisgerio lleva su nombre
Huizilopochl
dios de la guerra de los aztecas
Large desert in South america
atacama
highest peak (22.841 pies de alto)
aconcagua
Why did the reconquista help the conquest of the americas?
cristianos espanoles tenia una culure con una orientacion hacia la conquista como un elemento muy positivo, sino un sistema de realizar y consolidar una conquista
Where can sharks live in agua dulce
lago de nicaragua
Where can you see the atlantic and pacific ocean at the same time?
Volcan Irazu
What is the highest waterfall in altitude?
Salto de angel (angel falls)
What two countries is lake titcaca between?
peru and bolivia
When did the mayas say the world would end?
21 de deciembre de 2012
What book describes the origin de los mayas
Popop vuh
What book is the origin of los incas?
comentarios reales
How was cuzco founded?
manco Capac y Mama Ocllo llevaban una vara de oro .. instruidos por viarcocha (su dios supremo y creador) donde se hinco la vara con facilidad, fundaron cuzco con la mision de civilizadora
What year was cuzco founded?
1200 dc
Who had the concept of zero?
los mayas
who is el padre de los incas?
viracocha
When did isabel and colon get married?
1451
define yanquis
waht the people of south american call extranjeros como nosotros
Is the word colonia de colon?
no
Define a indo
a person that lives with normas tradicionales y hable de indio lengua
what is a mestizo?
normas modernos lengua del pais
How much oxygen is given by the selva tropical?
25%
When did the olmecas start?
1500 ac
Where did the olmecas settle?
istmo de tehuantepec
What language did the olmecas speak?
nahuatl
What does olmeca mean in nahuatl
getne de goma
Who made the big heads?
olmecas
Olmeca buildings
plazas piramides
Olmeca art
ceramicas iconografia
Did the olmecas have writing?
steps towards writing yes
Did olmecas have a number system?
yes and a calendar
Who had the concept of zero?
mayas
Did mayas have numbers?
yes based on 20
Describe the mayan calendar
20 names, 13 animals, 365 solar year
How often did the maya calendar recycle?
52 years
Did mayas have writing?
yes phonetic
Did mayas havev sylables
yes
What people does popul vuh belong to?
Mayas
what does vuh mean
libro
what does popol mean
pueblo
What is in the popop vuh
mitologia maya
Who was popol vuh copied by?
Francisco Ximenez
When was popol vuh written?
1544
when were the mayas around?
300 dc - 900 dc
Who was the mayan god of rain and lightening bolts?
chac
What group sacrificed the football winners?
mayas
Who invaded the mayas?
toltecas
When did toltecas live?
900dc - 1500 dc
Where did the toltecas live?
over the maya cities, yucatan peninsula
Who was kulkulklan a god of?
toltecas
What group had piramides del sol y de la luna
teotihuacanos
What does tolteca mean in the aztec language?
artesano
Who is topiltzin
A tolteca rey
What language did the aztecs speak?
nahuatl
where was atzlan?
four corners
Who was huiztzolpichtl?
god of the aztecs that told them about the promised land
How did the aztecs find their promised land?
aguila devorando una serpiente sobre un nopal
What city was the aztec's promised land?
Tenochtitlan
Did the aztecs have a calendar and numbers?
yes
Describe the aztec math system
based on 20
What did humboldt discover?
piedra del sol azteca calendar
Describe the aztec calendar
circle, piedra del sol, 20 numbers one way, names the other
What did the aztec's writing look like?
iconografia
Dates of the epoca de conquista
1492-1542
Dates of the lucha por independencia de espana
1810-1824
Dates of the Colonia
1542-1810
El periodo nacional
1824-present
Who was el patron dios de los aztecas?
huitzilpochtl- guerrero del sur
Who was el guerrero del norte de los aztecas?
tetzcatlipoca
Who was the rival god of huitzilpochtl of the aztecs?
quetzalcoalt
Who is ehecatl?
igual de quetzalcoatl.. god of viento, gemelos, y relampagos
Who was quetzalcoatl sister?
xolotl
What did xolotl and quetzalcoatl do?
played footbul against mictlantechtl and were transformed into estrellas
Who was the god of lluvia y relampagos of the aztecs?
chac o tlaloc
Did the aztecs have social levels?
yes
What group did surgeries?
incas
What group faught other groups in order to "civilize" them
Incas
What group built machu picchu?
incas
What group had less bloody sacrifices?
incas-- died of cold and drugs
Did incas have wriitng?
NO!
What group did chasqui mensengers belong to?
incas
Who had a quipu for numbers?
incas
What does chile mean in araucana?
donde se acaba la tierra
Who contracted vespucci?
isabel and fernando
Who repeated vasco da gama?
cabral
Who went to brasil?
pinzon
Who founded santo domingo?
balboa
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