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195 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abandonar
to leave temporarily
Acta
formal written minutes of a meeting
Actual
current, present
Admitir
to admit that something is true
Advertencia
warning
Agonía
dying
Americano
“American” in the sense of “Latin American” or in general to mean someone from the Western Hemisphere
Apertura
hole or orifice; opening or inauguration of a formal event
Aplicar
to put one thing to another
Apogeo
apogee in astronomy; zenith or height of a person’s powers
Apreciar
to esteem
Aprobar
to give approval; pass an exam
Argumento
legal or intellectual argument
Arsenal
shipyard
Artista
painter; movie or stage actor
Asistir
to attend
Atender
to take care of
Audiencia
hearing or meeting with an important person
Avisar
To warn or let someone know
Bases
foundations; grass roots or rank and file
Beneficiencia
beneficiary; Public Welfare Department or charity
Binomio
binomial in mathematics; linking of two names
Bizarro
courageous or gallant
Bravo
courageous
Calificar de
describe as, deem
Campo
countryside, field as in playing field, football field
Cancelar
to erase or eliminate; to pay a bill or settle an account
Canciller
foreign minister
Carpeta
folder, as in file folder
Casualidad
coincidence, chance
Catedrático
tenure professor at a university
Charlatán
talkative; one who pretends to be more than one really is
Colegio
secondary school, usually private
Collar
collar of a shirt; necklace
Colorado
Red. ponerse colorado = to blush
Compromiso
commitment, date, obligation
Confeccionador
Maker or drafter in a general sense
Conferencia
Lecture or formal presentation; (rarely) conference
Conflicto
Difficult situation, strain; (rarely) conflict as in war
Constipado
To have a cold
Contacto
Physical contact
Conveniente
Advisable, necessary
Convicción
Conviction as in beliefs
Copa
Goblet or prize
Copia
Reproduction or imitation of the original
Correspondiente
Corresponding in sense of parallel
Criatura
Baby or infant
Criollo
Of Spanish descent but born in Latin America or “local”
Cuestión
Question (or matter) as in theme or subject
Curso
A series of events
Cínico
Shameless, irresponsible
Decepción
Disappointment
Demandar
To sue in a court of law
Desgracia
Disaster, tragedy, and misfortunate
Deshonesto
Immodest, lewd, indecent
Discutir
To argue
Disgusto
Displeasure, argument, difficulty
Dormitorio
Dormitory of an institution; bedroom in a house
Droguería
Drug store (selling a number of other items)
Educado
Well-mannered
Efectivo
In cash
Elemental
Dealing with the elements
Elevador
Elevator only some countries (Mexico)
Embarazada
To be pregnant
Emocionarse
To be deeply moved or touched
Entrenamiento
(mainly) Military training
Entretener
To occupy one’s attention or distract
Escolar
Schoolboy or schoolgirl
Estampa
Picture, especially a religious one
Éxito
Success
Experimentar
Experiment in the sense of trying out
Fábrica
Factory or plant
Facultad
School in a university; physical or mental faculty
Fastidioso
Boring or irritating
Feudo
Fief in a medieval sense
Firma
Signature
Fiscal
Fiscal (adjective) in sense of “fiscal year;” “government” in a general sense; fiscalizar = to officially check, supervise or investigate
Físico
Physicist
Forma
Form in sense of shape
Formal
Reliable, trustworthy
Gabinete
Cabinet only for a body of ministers or advisors
Gentilmente
Charmingly, kindly
Gracia
Grace, but also means “joke,” “funny”
Granada
Explosive projectile and the country “Grenada;” pomegranate as the fruit
Gratificar
To tip or compensate
Grosería
Coarse, boorish or crude act
Harmonizar
Create harmony; coordinate, bring into phase or synchronize
Honesto
Decent, decorous, modest
Humano
Human; humane
Ignorar
To be unaware
Ilustrado
To have illustrations in the sense of pictures; learned or enlightened
Imponerse
To assert oneself, to be authoritative
Impresionante
Usually strongly than English “impressive;” generally means: shocking, startling, alarming
Inédito
Unpublished; unheard of, novel, innovative, unprecedented
Inquietud
Uneasiness; intellectual curiosity or doubt
Integral
Integral in the mathematical sense; comprehensive
Intervenir
Interfere; operate surgically
Intoxicado
Intoxicated generally; usually medical or physical reaction to a poison or bad food
Introducir
To present or insert an idea or object
Invertir
To turn upside down; to invest money or capital
Jornada
Day’s work, short seminar or workshop
Labor
(Broadly) Manual, physical or factory work; mental or intellectual work; = trabajo
Lectura
Reading
Localizar
To make local
Local
Local in the sense of being close by; store premise
Lujuria
Lust, lewdness, physical excess, voluptuousness
Mandatorio
Governor or political head
Maneras
Way of doing something
Manifestación
Demonstration, especially political
Matrimonio
Married couple
Mediterráneo
The Mediterranean Sea; landlocked
Miseria
Poverty
Modalidad
Modality in a diplomatic sense; method, way, means, approach
Molestar
To bother
Moroso
Default, as on a loan
Motivo
Motive as in ground or cause for something
Nativo
(adj) as in “native language”
Negociar
Negotiate in a diplomatic sense; generally to discuss or talk over (w/out necessarily having a legal commitment)
Nombramiento
Naming a person to fill an appointment
Notorio
Well-known, famous in a neutral or positive way
Ocasión
Occasion in the sense of “opportunity” (not event); sale or bargain
Ocurrencia
Witticism or clever saying
Oficial
(adj) official; (noun) military officer
Oficio
Occupation or job (usually manual)
Oficioso
Diligent, responsible
Ordinario
Everyday, common; vulgar
Orgánico
Organic in the chemical sense; ley orgánica = Constitution of a country
Papel
Writing paper; stationery
Paralizar
To paralyze; to freeze or suspend
Parientes
Relatives
Participar
To be involved in something; to share something like news or an invitation
Particular
Private
Perfeccionar
To make perfect; usually to improve or increase one’s professional qualifications or training
Personero
Spokesperson, mouthpiece
Perspectiva
Perspective in drawing and architecture
Petulancia
Insolence, vanity
Plantear
To raise an issue, to state a problem, theorize, postulate
Política
Politics or policy (in a political sense)
Populación
The act of populating an empty region
Posición
generally physical position
Precioso
Of great value; beautiful
Preciso
Exact; necessary
Presumir
To boast or brag
Pretender
To attempt or try
Privado
(narrower meaning than English) personal
Procurar
To obtain; to attempt or try
Promoción
A sale in a store or the promotion of a new product
Propaganda
Political or ideological propaganda; advertizing
Quitar
To remove
Radicar
To live or settle somewhere
Razonado
Reasoned; “commented” or “annotated” (when used w/ a list, plan, drawing or catalog)
Procurar
To obtain; to attempt or try
Promoción
A sale in a store or the promotion of a new product
Propaganda
Political or ideological propaganda; advertizing
Quitar
To remove
Radicar
To live or settle somewhere
Razonado
Reasoned; “commented” or “annotated” (when used w/ a list, plan, drawing or catalog)
Realizar
To accomplish or achieve something
Recordar
Remember
Refrigerio
Snack or light meal
Refundido
Consolidated or redrafted
Regalar
To give a present
Regular
Periodic and normal; average, ordinary, moderate
Relación
Relationship
Relevante
Outstanding
Remarcar
To mark again
Remover
To stir
Resistir
Resist as in temptation; to stand something, endure, bear
Resorte
Metallic spring of a vehicle or coil
Reunión
Meeting
Rico
In terms of wealth; “comida rica” = “delicious meal”
Salario
Wages (generally only for servants, laborers)
Salvaje
Savage
Sancionar
To apply penalty or condemn (negative)
Sanidad
Sanitation
Sano
Healthy
Seguridad
Security in the sense of safety
Sensible
Sensitive
Sentencia
Jail sentence
Serio
Serious (in the sense of grave); reliable, professional, worthwhile
Simpático
Pleasant, nice, attractive personality
Solicitud
Solicitude; application form
Suburbio
Suburb* * - there is a cultural difference
Suceso
Event
Sutil
Subtle (implies more craftiness than in English)
Sujeto
Subject, but when referring to a person it can have negative implications
Términos
Terms as in words
Tipo
Type as in pattern, classification or model; “guy,” “fellow”
Tutor
Private teacher; guardian
Último
Final or last
Urbano
Urban (city)
Utilidades
Profits of a business
Vago
vague as in imprecise; lazy; (colloquial) vagabond
Voto
To vote as a political act; promise or vow
Concentración
concentration; mass meeting or rally, especially a political one