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36 Cards in this Set

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*What are the north island wine regions of New Zealand?
North Island
Auckland – reds in production

Gisborne – Muller Thurgau in large production, Chardonnay taking over

Hawke’s Bay – Many diverse mesoclimates, Chardonnay and Merlot most planted - Cabernet Sauv., and Syrah produced

Wairarapa – contains Martinborough wine area – famous for Pinot Noir
A Growth Hormone for Women
*What are the south island wine regions of New Zealand?
South Island
Nelson – planted on Moutere Hills - Riesling

Marlborough – famous for Sauvignon Blanc

Canterbury – Coastal regions, Waipara- sheltered area with long, dry autumns, Pinot Noir and Riesling

Central Otago – High altitude vineyards among Southern Alps, Spring and Fall frost problems – much Pinot Noir planted
Nieman Marcus Can't COmpete
What wine varietals are grown in the North island region of NZ?
Chardonnay planted in large quantities – sparkling wines produced
What wine varietals are grown in the south island region of NZ?
mostly Sauvignon Blanc – better suited
*What are the wine laws in NZ?
Food Act and Food Regulations- official organization responsible for wine laws
If a grape variety or varieties are named on the label, 75 percent of that wine must be the named varieties.
If two grapes are named on the label, they must be named in order of importance.
When an area or district is named on the label at least 75 percent must come from that region
Chardonnay and Bordeaux varieties grow in what three north island wine regions in NZ?
Hawke's Bay
What NZ north island region is known for Pinot Noirs, and Sauvignon Blancs?
What is the growing climate in Oz?
Hot and dry with Mediterranean climate mostly - Warm to hot summers, cool to warm winters
Australia has some of the oldest _____ vines in the world
_____ _____ have prevented a fast spread of phylloxera
Sandy soils
In Oz _____ are shaded for protection from the sun
What whites are grown in Oz?
Sauvignon Blanc
What reds are grown in Oz?
Cabernet Sauvignon
Pinot Noir
Mataro (Mourvedre)
Cabernet Franc
What is the 85% rule in Oz?
85% must come from the stated region, variety or vintage
In Oz what are "stickies"?
Stickies - from the Muscat grape, made mostly in the northeast corner of Victoria
What is the Oz law for blended wines?
Blended wines must state the percentage of each grape used in the blend.
What are the four wine growing states in Oz?
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
*What are the four famous wine regions in Western Oz?
*Margaret River – south of Perth – cooler maritime climate – more rainfall, wide range of site climates – Chardonnay, Bordeaux varieties, and Semillon

*Great Southern Region – Bordeaux varieties and Shiraz

*Pemberton – Pinot Noir and Chardonnay (cool sites)

Swan Valley – very hot climate, north of Perth
MARGARET Prevailed in Giant Slalom
What is the growing climate in Western Oz?
Mediterranean and Coastal – Maritime climates
What grape varietals are grown in Western Oz?
Chardonnay, Bordeaux Varieties, Pinot Noir, and Semillon
*The are the best known regions South Oz?
*Adelaide Hills – cooler along the coast – known for Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc

*Barossa Valley – Shiraz, Grenache, Mataro and Cabernet Sauvignon

*Eden Valley – Cooler with Riesling planted by German immigrants

Clare Valley – North of Barossa – Cool climate Riesling

*Coonawarra – Limestone Coast – known for Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, and Merlot

Padthaway – Southeast of Adelaide on the Limestone Coast – Cool climate Cabernet Sauvignon

*McLaren Vale – breezes cool the region – Bordeaux varieties – Shiraz

Barry Crawled Around My Engine
Almost half of all the Australian wine is produced in this state.
Southern Oz
*New South Wales in Oz has what regions?
*Lower Hunter Valley – plagued with rain throughout harvest – rot a problem known for Shiraz and *Semillon

*Upper Hunter Valley – much drier – needs irrigation – mostly Chardonnay

Mudgee, Orange, and Cowra – cooler - west of Sydney – Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon – vineyards on the western slopes of the Great Dividing Range

Murray-Darling – two rivers join – known for Botrysized wines from Semillon

Riverina – major production for SE Australia
What is the growing climate in New South Wales in Oz?
Mediterranean climate
*What are the prominent regions in Victoria, Oz?
*Glenrowan and Rutherglen - Sweet Muscat's and Tokays

Yarra Valley – cooler region with fertile red volcanic soils – Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon and Sparkling wines

Mornington Peninsula – similar to Yarra Valley

Goulburn Valley – Rhone whites – Marsanne, Roussanne, and Viognier and Rieslings, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon

Pyrenees and Grampians – Tannic Shiraz, Altitude with cooler climates – sparkling wines
What wines are grown in Tasmania, Oz?
Cool climate - Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, sparkling whites are made in the Traditional method

Alsatian white varieties planted for aromatic wines
South Africa is the _____ leading wine producer in the world with the most production of all _____ nations
What are the wine laws of S. Africa?
85% of vintage – must come from that vintage

85% of variety listed must be from that grape variety

100% of grapes must come from stated production area.
*What white grape varietals are grown in S.Africa?
*Chenin Blanc (Steen) – most planted, most popular
Sauvignon Blanc

Hanepoot (Muscat of Alexandria)

Cape Riesling (Crouchen Blanc)

Colombar (French Colombard)

Palomino (same grape made into sherry)
Steen and mrs. peel drank some Chenin Blanc
*What red grape varietals are grown in S.Africa?
Cabernet Sauvignon – most planted
*Pinotage (a cross between Cinsault and Pinot Noir)
Cabernet Franc
Roobernet - 1960s local cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Pontac – often blended with Pinotage
Cinsaut – (spelled without the “l”)
Bordeaux varieties are typically blended
What is the land containership hierarchy in S.Africa?
*What are the wine regions of the coastal region of S.Africa?
*Constantia (within the Coastal region not within a district) is the oldest and most renowned of all the wards – lies in the suburbs of Cape Town – known for Sauvignon Blanc

*Stellenbosch (District)– further inland – warmer – the heart of production – Bordeaux varieties and Pinotage

*Paarl (District) – warmer – big production with cooperatives -Important Wards here include Franschoek and Wellington
Walker Bay (District) – Pinot Noir and Chardonnay

Swartland (District)

Cape Point (District)

Tygerberg (District)

Darling (District)
Connie Stalled for her Pearls
What are the wards in Breede River Valleyin S.Africa?
Breede River Valley Region contains Districts that sit inland from the coast:
Klein Karoo
warmer climate with Bordeaux varieties and Pinotage
Southern Hemisphere grapes are typically harvested in February and this makes the wines _____ older than Northern Hemisphere wines of the same vintage.
6 months
What four S.Africa districts are not part of a wine region?
Mossel Bay District east of Cape Town and on the Indian Ocean is relatively isolated

Walker Bay are also on the coast closer to Cape Town with cooler trends – known for Pinot Noir and Chardonnay

Overberg District – east of Cape Town, cool with microclimates perfect for cool climate varieties

Cape Agulhas – cool region on the coast
*What is the grape growing climate in South Africa?
Mediterranean Climate – vines planted along the crescent of the cape.

Well suited to grape growing – Benguela current is cool and moderates the heat – extends inland