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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Physical Health
physiological wellness
Mental Health
stress, ability to deal with change
Social Health
ability to interact with people
Emotional Health
love, anger, fear
Spiritual Health
inspiration
Five Components of Health
Physical, Mental, Social, Emotional, Spiritual
Wellness
perfect balance of all the five components of health
Health
having a level of all five components of health
heredity
traits and characteristics passed on through generations
environment
a person's surrounding or geographic location that affects a person's health choices
Peers
people associated with the same age roup that can affect decisions regarding a health decision
Culture
the background of a eprson, including family heritage tradition, family balues, and customs that have been passed on over the years
Media
print, broadcast, television, internet sources that effect health decisions
Risk Behaviors
nutritional habits; physical activities and exercise; use of tabbacco, alchohol, or drugs; inappropraite sexual activities
Cumulative Risks
the effect of participating in one or more risk behaviors
Prevention
tequniques used to avoid risk behaviors
Abstinence
best prevention tequnique
Health Literacy
being aware, having an understanding, and being able to communicate all issues regarding health
Healthy People 2010
a set of 28 health objectives established for the nation to acieve over the first decade of the new century
Health Education
a program developed to make people aware of risk behaviors and how to prevent them
Holistic Health
"Treat the person, not the disease" - Patch Adams; treating the person as a whole, finding the source of the sickness
Traditional Medecine/Care
Western Medicine (1900)
Non-Traditional Medicine/Care
Chinese Medicine
1. Acupuncture (Chi energy)
2. Herbology
3. Body Works (message therapy
4. Alopathic (treat with opposites)
Naturopathic
treat things naturally
Homeopathic
treat with similars
Alternative Medicine
1. Tai Chi
2. Acupuncture
3. Environmental Medicine
4. Nutrition
5. Meditation/Yoga
6. Massage
7. Energy
Alcohol
depressant, a legal liquid drug classified as a depressant
Tabocco
a legal plant manufactured to be smoked, chewed, or plugged
Medicine
Legal drugs for over the counter or prescribed by a doctore used to cure disease
Drugs
an illegal substance used to manipulate the mind
C.P.R.
Cardio Pulminary Reccessitation
- a process of compressions and rescure breaths to pump oxygenated blood to the vital organs during cardiac arrest
Three C's
Check, Call, Care
Shock
a life threatening condition due to lack of oxygenated blood to the vital organs
- lay person flat and elevate feet 1 foot
- keep warm
- keep them talking
- no water
Heartattack
a lack of blood flow to any part of the heart
Cardiac Chain of Survival
the process put into use during a cardiac emergeny
1. early recognition
2. early CPR
3. early defibrilation
4. early advance care
Cardiac Arrest (types)
V-tac - extreme rapid beating
V-Fib - shaking out of control
P.E.A. - pulseless electric activity
Systole - flatline
S.A. Node
hearts natural pacemaker
Heat Cramps
a symptom of heat exhaustion, constant contraction of a muscle due to lack of water
Heat Exhaustion
an illness due to dehydration because the body's temperature is starting to rise (cramping, exessive sweating, disorientation, cold skin)
Heat Stroke
a life threatening illness due to the increasing of one's body pressure to dangerous levels that damages the interanal organs
Hypothermia
a life threatening condition due to exposure to the cold dropping the body temperature to dandgerous levels
Frost Bite
damaging of cells and tissues in the extremities due to cold weather
Defibrilator
a device that shocks the heart that attempts to restart the heart's rhythm
Fracture
the cracking of a bone
Unconsciousness
a person's inability to respond to outside stimuli
Concussion
a condition caused by a blow to the head that shifts the brain, causing it to bruise
Muscle Cramps
a constant contraction of a muscle
Sprain
the stretching of a ligament
Strain
the stretching of a tendon
Nutrients
1. Water
2. Carbohydrates
3. Fats
4. Protein
5. Minerals
6. Vitamins
Fat Cells a.k.a...
Adipisite
Weight Loss
1. change lifestyle
2. Surgery
3. Medication (Dr.)
4. Fad Diets
5. Over the Counter
Physical Activity
all movements that allow the body to increase the use of energy
Physical Fitness
having an adiquate level of all the five components of fitness
Five Components of Physical Fitness
1. Cardio Respiratory Endurance - the increase of the heart rate to 60-75% of its maximum level during extended exercise
2. Muscular Strength - The amount of weight your muscle group can lift one time
3. Muscular Endurance - The number of times a muscle can lift a lesser weight
4. Flexibility - range of motion in a joint
5. Body Composition - the ratio of lean tissue to fat tissue
Exercise
moving various msucles to keep them fit
Sedentary Lifestyle
Lack of physical activity causing problems
Metabolism
the ability to burn calories for energy
Osteoporosis
a disease characterized by weakening of the bones due to lack of nutrients and old age
Aerobic Exercise
exercise that requires oxygen for energy, for all exercises that last 2.5 minutes or longer, continuously
Anaerobic Exercise
all activities that last 1.5 minutes or less, does not require oxygen
F.I.T.T.
Frequency Intensity Time Type
Warm Up
elavating the heart rate to 55% of the maximum level
Workout
a planned exercise program that includes the three training components
Cooldown
lowering of the heart rate down to resting level
Principle of Overload
working muscles to exhaustion for positive gains
Overexertion
overworking a cerain part of the body
R.H.R.
the # of heartbeats per minute while you are resting
Training Program
a series of planned workouts for the purpose of achieving a goal
Principle of Progression
working the body from a lower level to a higher level as skill and conditioning improves
Principle of Specificity
a program developed, with selected activities to improve skills and conditioning with the purpose of achieving a goal
Hydration
having an adequate level of water in the body so all the physiological functions can happen efficiently
Health Screening
a series of test to determine an adequte level of health
4 types of death
1. Functional Death - heart death
2. Brain Death - no electrical activity
3. Cellulr Death - rigor mortis
4. Pyschological Death - death of the personality
Stages of Death
1. Denial/Isolation
2. Anger
3. Bargaining
4. Depression
5. Acceptance
Stages of Loss
1. Shock
2. Realize extent of loss
3. Lonliness
4. Physical Illness
5. Guilt
6. Anger
7. Learn to Live