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31 Cards in this Set

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Name 3 important grapes in Port.
Red Port
Touriga Nacional
Touriga Francesa
Tinta Cao
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Baraco
Bastardo

White Port
Arinto
Codega
Malvasia Fino
Malvasia Corada
Robigato
Voshino
Name the cities where port has historically been aged.
Oporto or Villa Nova de Gaia
Describe the difference between Vintage and Tawny Port.
Vintage port is aged for 2 years exactly in oak where as Tawny port must be aged a minimum of 7 years in oak, also Tawny is generally a blend of multiple years where as vintage is from only one.
Define Lagar.
A rectangular trough used to stomp the grapes by foot in the Port making process.
Name the 4 most important grapes of Madeira.
Sercial
Verdelho
Bual (Boal)
Malmsey

Other less important grapes
Terrantez
Bastardo
Tinta Negra Mole
Moscatel
Describe the Estufagem process.
Process of heating the wine in large vessels at 120degrees for approx 6-12 months.
Define Rainwater Madeira.
A soft Verdelho-style created in the 18th century.
What is a Pipe?
A traditional Port cask holding 550 Liters.
What is aguardente?
A neutral grape brandy at 77% alcohol.
Name the 6 quality levels of Spanish wine.
Vino de Mesa (VdM)
Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)
Vino de Calidad con Indicacion Geographica (VCIG)
Denominacion de Origen (DO)
Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa)
Denominacion de Pagos (DOP)
Name 2 DOCa Regions.
Rioja and Priorat.
Define Grandes Pagos.
A single estate wine.
Name 2 red grapes and 2 white grapes of Rioja and Navarra.
Red
Tempranillo
Garnacha

White
Viura (Macabeo)
Malvasia

Other Grapes
Red
Graciano
Mazuelo (Carinena - Carignane)

White
Garnacha Blanca
Name the 3 sub-zones of Rioja.
Rioja Alta
Rioja Alavesa
Rioja Baja
State the aging requirements for Rioja Joven, Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva.
Joven - Max 2 years
Crianza - Min 2 years (1 in barrel)
Reserva - Min 3 years (1 in barrel)
Gran Reserva - Min 5 years (2 in barrel)
Name the principal town of Sherry.
Jerez
Name the grapes of Sherry.
Palomino
Pedro Ximenez (PX)
Moscatel
State what is character of Albariza soil.
One of 3 soils used to produce Sherry grapes.

A soil that retains water, but dries out on top and makes the roots dig down while protecting the water beneath from the heat keeping it from evaporating.
Describe the Solera system.
A fractional blending method to introduce older wine to younger wine year to year never exceeding 1/3 of a barrel.
Name the main styles of Sherry.
Fino, Manzanilla, Amantillado, Palo Cortado, Oloroso, Almancenistas, Cream Sherry.
Define Flor.
A yeast film that forms on the surface of the wine in the barrel.
Name the most important grape(s) of Vinho Verde.
Alvarinho and Loureiro
Name the most important grape of Douro.
Touriga Nacional
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinta Barroca
Name the most important grape(s) of Priorat.
Garnacha
Describe the Gratalops Project.
Alvaro Palacio and other young winemakers planted on higher elevations and slopes and modernized winemaking.
Name Spain’s sparkling wine DO and the grapes.
Cava
Grapes:
Parellada
Xarel-lo
Macabeo
Chardonnay
Name the most important grape(s) of Ribera del Duero.
Tempranillo
Garnacha
Also some bordeaux varieties
Name the grape that Tinto de Toro is a synonym of
Tempranillo
State the DO of Vega Sicilia.
Ribera del Duero
State the most important grape(s) of Rias Baixas.
Albarino
State the region and style of Txakoli DO.
Basque Region.

Light and Acidic Reds and Whites. (The whites also usually show some signs of fizz.)