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155 Cards in this Set

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Canada's main wine areas?
Niagra and Okanagan
Canada's wine regulatory agency?
VQA - Vintner's Quality Alliance
Well-regarded Niagra wineries?
Inniskillin
Cave Spring Cellars
Pillitteri Estates Winery
Well-regarded Okanogan wineries?
Burrowing Owl
Grey Monk
Lang Vineyards
Tinhorn Creek
First vinifera producing region in North America?
Mexico
What were the years of America's Prohibition Era?
1919-1933
What was judged the best red wine in the 1976 Tasting? Who was the winemaker?
1973 Stag's Leap Cabernet Sauvignon made by Warren Winiarski
What was judged the best white wine in the 1976 Tasting? Who was the winemaker?
1973 Chateau Montelena Chardonnay made by Mike Grgich
Name 2 AVA's shared by Washington and Oregon.
Columbia VAlley AVA
Walla Walla AVA
Columbia Gorge AVA
Name 5 Washington State AVA's
Columbia Valley AVA
Columbia Gorge AVA
Yakima Valley AVA
Walla Walla Valley AVA
Red Mountain AVA
Horse Heaven Hills AVA
Rattlesnake Hills AVA
Wahluke Slope AVA
Puget Sound AVA
Lake Chelan AVA (2008)
Name 5 Oregon AVA's.
Willamette Valley AVA
Dundee Hills AVA
McMinnville Foothills AVA
Ribbon Ridge AVA
Yamhill-Carlton District AVA
Eola-Amity Hills District AVA
Chehalem Mountains AVA
Applegate Valley AVA
Rogue Valley AVA
Umpqua Valley AVA
What is Idaho's AVA? What state shares this AVA?
Snake River Valley runs over into Eastern Oregon.
What are the 4 largest wine producing states in the U.S.?
California
Washington
New York
Oregon
Napa Valley, Oakville, Rutherford, St. Helena and Yountville are 5 Napa county AVA's. Name 5 more.
Atlas Peak AVA
Chiles Valley AVA
Diamond Mountain District AVA
Howell Mountain AVA
Los Carneros AVA
Mount Veeder AVA
North Coast AVA
Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley
Spring Mountain District AVA
Stag's Leap District AVA
Wild Horse Valley AVA
Alexander Valley, Dry Creek and Russian River are 3 Sonoma County AVA's. Name 5 more.
Bennett Valley AVA
Chalk Hill AVA
Green Valley AVA
Knight's Valley AVA
Los Carneros AVA
North Coast AVA
Northern Sonoma AVA
Rockpile AVA
Sonoma Coast AVA
Sonoma Mountain AVA
Sonoma Valley AVA
What was the first AVA and when was it authorized?
Augusta, Missouri was designated an AVA on June 20th, 1980.
How many hectares to an acre?
2.47
Six elements in every bottle of wine?
Climate
Vintage
Terroir (Soil,etc.)
Grape Variety
Winemaker
Market
The period of grape maturation involving color change of the grape skins is called:
Veraison
Which grape varieties are cultivated in Burgundy?
WHITE
Chardonnay
Aligote
Sauvignon Blanc
Pinot Gris (bonus point!)

RED
Pinot Noir
Gamay
Gewurztraminer, Riesling and Pinot Gris are 3 grape varieties made into wine in Alsace. What are another 4?
Pinot Blanc
Pinot Noir
Muscat
Sylvaner
Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are the 2 main grapes used to make red Bordeaux. Name 3 (or 4...) others.
Cabernet Franc
Malbec
Petite Verdot
Carmenere
Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon are 2 winegrapes used to make white Bordeaux. What's the other?
Muscadelle
The airspace in a bottle or barrel is called the:
Ullage
What are the 3 main red grapes of Piedmont? Which is the most prolific?
Nebbiolo and Dolcetto; Barbera provides the most bottles of wine.
Furmint is the main grape used to make Tokaji. Name 1 more.
Harslevelu
Sarga Muskotaly
Oremus
What is the name of the Hungarian basket/scoop used to grade the intensity of Tokaji?
A Puttanyo
Bordeaux is a literal translation of what feature of its location?
Bord-eaux = at the border of the waters.
The 3 grapes of Champagne are:
WHITE
Chardonnay

RED
Pinot Noir
Pinot Meunier
The 5 sub-regions of Champagne are:
Cote des Blancs
Cote de Sezanne
Aube
Vallee de la Marne
Montagne de Reims
What is a synonym for edelfaule?
Botrytis Cinerea
Noble Rot
What is a synonym for remuage and when in the Methode Champenoise does it happen?
Riddling is another name for the procedure happening after the second fermentation in bottle and immediately before disgorgement.
What is debourbage and when does it happen in the Methode Champenoise?
Debourbage, or settling out, happens after the juice is first pressed from the grapes before the primary fermentation.
What is another name for assemblage and when does it happen in the Methode Champenoise?
Blending is another name for assemblage and it happens at the completion of the primary fermentation.
What is the liqueur de tirage and when is it appropriately used in the Methode Champenoise?
Liqueur de tirage is a blend of yeast and sugar added to bottles of Champagne-to-be after the assemblage to create the secondary fermentation.
What is the liqueur d'expedition and where is its place in the Methode Champenoise?
The liqueur d'expedition is added to the just-disgorged bottle of Champagne before it is corked and caged and dressed for sale.
What is the echelle des crus system?
Champagne's vineyard rating system determining Grand Cru (100% echelle)...

Premier Cru (90 - 99% echelle) and down to a minimum of 80%.

Most importantly, it determines how much your grapes are worth.
What does meunier mean and why was it appended to a grape name in Champagne?
Meunier translates as "miller" and was inspired by the underside of that vine's leaves which have a dusty, white, powdery texture resembling flour - or as if the miller had touched them...
Name 2 world-famous wine regions where Vintage Year still means what it says.
Port and Champagne will only put a vintage date on bottles coming from particularly good years.
What grape variety makes Vouvray?
Chenin Blanc
Name 2 famous dessert wine appellations from the Loire.
Bonnezeaux
Quarts de Chaume
What is the true name of the Loire's Muscadet?
Melon de Bourgogne
Name 2 Loire appellations using Cabernet Franc.
Saumur-Champigny
St.-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil
Bourgueil
Chinon
Name 2 Loire appellations using Pinot Noir.
Sancerre
Reuilly
Menetou-Salon
Quincy
Name the 5 main grape varieties of the Loire and where they are known to thrive there.
Muscadet (Melon de Bougogne) from Pays Nantais

Chenin Blanc from Anjou and Tours

Cabernet Franc from Bourgueil

Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Noir from Sancerre
Name 3 prominent producers of Pomerol.
Chateau Petrus
Chateau Le Pin
Chateau Trotanoy
Chateau Vieux Chateau Certan
Chateau Gazin
Chateau La Conseillante
Chateau L'Eglise-Clinet
Chateau Clinet
Name 3 prominent producers of St. Emilion.
Chateau Ausone
Chateau Cheval Blanc
Chateau Angelus
Chateau Belair
Chateau Canon-la-Gaffeliere
Chateau Figeac
Chateau Le Tertre Roteboeuf
Chateau de Valandraud
Name 5 First Growths of Bordeaux and their communes.
Chateau Lafite-Rothschild - Pauillac
Chateau Latour - Pauillac
Chateau Mouton-Rothschild - Pauillac
Chateau Margaux - Margaux
Chateau Haut-Brion - Pessac-Leognan
Name 5 cru villages of Beaujolais.
St. Amour
Julienas
Moulin-a-Vent
Fleurie
Chenas
Chiroubles
Morgon
Regnie
Brouilly
Cote de Brouilly
Name the 8 sub-regions of Burgundy.
Chablis
Cote d'Or
Cote de Nuits
Cote de Beaune
Cote Chalonnais
Maconnais
Beaujolais
Beaujolais-Villages
Name the dominant soil type in Chablis.
Kimmeridgian Chalk
Name the 5 villages of the Cote Chalonnais.
Bouzeron
Rully
Mercurey
Givry
Montagny
Where is vin jaune produced?
The Jura region of France.
What are the 4 levels of German wine?
Landwein
Tafelwein
Qualitatswein
Qualitatswein mit Pradikat
What are the 5 levels of the German Pradikat classification?
Kabinett
Spatlese
Auslese
Beerenauslese
Trockenbeerenauslese
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Rheingau, Rheinhessen and Pfalz are 4 of the German anbaugebieten. Name the other 9.
Sachsen
Saale-Unstrut
Nahe
Ahr
Baden
Wurttemburg
Franken
Mittelrhein
Hessisch-Bergstrasse
Name the 16 wine-producing regions of Austria.
Vienna
Thermenregion
Carnuntum
Donauland
Weinvertel
Kamptal
Kremstal
Wachau
Traisental
Neusiederlersee
Neusiederlersee-Hugelland
Central Burgenland
Southern Burgenland
South Styria
Southeast Styria
West Styria
Tuscany, Piedmont and Veneto are 3 of Italy's provinces. Name the other 17.
Valle d'Aosta
Emilia-Romagna
Trentino Alto-Adige
Friuli-Venezia Giula
Lombardy
Liguria
Marches
Umbria
Lazio
Abruzzo
Molise
Campania
Basilicata
Puglia
Calabria
Sicily
Sardinia
Name 3 red grape varieties of Piedmont.
Nebbiolo
Barbera
Dolcetto
Grignolino
Freisa
Brachetto
Croatina
Name 3 white grape varieties of Piedmont.
Moscato Bianco
Cortese
Arneis
Favorito
Erbaluce
What are the 3 main grapes of Valpolicella?
Corvina
Molinara
Rondinella
The main grape of Soave is:
Garganega
Sangiovese is the main red grape of Tuscany. Name 2 others.
Canaiolo
Mammolo
Ciliegiolo
Colorino
Name 2 white wine grapes popular in Tuscany.
Trebbiano
Vernaccia
Chianti, Chianti Classico, Montalcino and Montepulciano are Tuscan wine areas. Name 3 others.
Carmignano
San Gimignano
Scansano
Colline di Lucchese
Name the 7 Grand Cru vineyards of Chablis.
Blanchot
Bougros
Les Clos
Grenouilles
Les Preuses
Valmur
Vaudesir
Name 4 AOC wines from Chablis that do not say Chablis on the label.
Bourgogne St. Bris
Bourgogne Irancy
Bourgogne Chitry
Bourgogne Epineuil
Bourgogne Cotes d'Auxerre
Burgogne Cote St.-Jacques
St. Bris
Vezelay
Name 3 Premier Cru vineyards of Chablis.
Cote de Lechet
Fourchaume
Montee de Tonnere
Montmains
Vaillons
Vosgros
The great Premier Cru climat within Montmains is:
Les Forets
Chambertin, Chambertin Clos de Beze, Chapelle-Chambertin and Charmes-Chambertin are 4 of Gevrey-Chambertins Grand Cru Vineyards. Name the other 5.
Griotte-Chambertin
Latricieres-Chambertin
Mazis-Chambertin
Mazoyeres-Chambertin
Ruchottes-Chambertin
Morey-St.-Denis has 4 Grand Cru vineyards. Clos St. Denis is one; name the other 3.
Clos des Lambrays
Clos de la Roche
Clos de Tart
What 2 Grand Crus are situated within the commune of Chambolle-Musigny?
Musigny
Bonnes Mares
Which Grand Cru is shared by the 2 communes of Morey-St.-Denis and Chambolle-Musigny?
Bonnes Mares
33.5 acres in Chambolle-Musigny
3.5 acres in Morey-St.-Denis
How many acres is Vougeot single Grand Cru and what is its name?
Clos de Vougeot covers 123.5 heterogenous acres.
The small commune of Flagey-Echezeaux borders Vougeot. What are its 2 Grand Cru vineyards and which is only separated from Clos de Vougeot by the village boundary?
Echezeaux is the larger of the two (74 acres) while Grand Echezeaux borders Clos de Vougeot.
Vosne-Romanee is home to 2 small Grand Crus, La Grande Rue and La Romanee. Name the other 4.
Richebourg
Romanee-Conti
Romanee-St.-Vivant
La Tache
What is the significance of a monopole vineyard?
One single owner, usually guarantees a greater consistency of style.
Which of Vosne-Romanee's Grand Crus are monopoles and to whom do they belong?
La Grande Rue (Francois Lamarche)
La Romanee (Domaine du Chateau de Vosne-Romanee)
Romanee-Conti (DRC)
La Tache (DRC)
Which Grand Cru of the Cote de Nuits produces a (rare)white wine?
Musigny (Comtes Georges de Vogue)
Which 2 lesser Cote de Nuits communes can produce great wine values in warm vintages?
Fixin
Marsannay
Name the French synonym for the Trebbiano grape and where its primary growing areas in France.
Ugni Blanc is the main grape of Cognac and Armagnac.
Name a cousin/ancestor of American Zinfandel.
Primitivo from Puglia
Cjerlnak Kastalyensky from Croatia
Name three of the original grapes allowed in Chianti's blend.
Sangiovese
Cananiolo
Mammolo
What is the grape used to make Asti Spumante?
White Muscat - Moscato Blanco
Which grape is cultivated to make the famous wines of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Nebbiolo
Name the wind of the Rhone.
Le Mistral
One half of all Burgundy wine produced comes from:
Beaujolais
Wine labelling in Alsace is different from the rest of the country. How?
Wines from Alsace are labelled wih the variety of grape that produced them.
First among countries for the number of acres under vine, this country is 3rd in the amount of wine it produces every year.
Spain
What is the simplest definition of a solera?
A fractional blending system of younger and older wines. Often, this happened outside, letting the sun help evaporate and concentrate the wine. Hence, SOL-era, the name.
Name 3 ways of concentrating sugar in grapes.
Botrytis
Freezing (Eiswein)
Longer hang time on the vine
Drying the grapes
Describe the production of Vins Doux Naturels.
Most often from the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France, these dessert wines are produced by letting the grapes hang on the vine for an extended ripening. The fermenting of this extra sweet juice begins, but is interrupted by fortification, like Port or Madiera.
Name 3 famous vins doux naturels.
Muscat de Beaumes de Venise
Rivesaltes
Banyuls
Rasteau
St.-Jean-de-Minervois
Who was the French Minister of Agriculture who recommended the addition of sugar to grape juice to make stronger wine?
Jean-Antoine Chaptal, father of Chaptalization
Explain the term Super Seconds and offer 3 examples.
Super Seconds are the chateaux of Bordeaux whose name appears in the classification as a "second-growth", yet whose wine is clearly superior to its peers.
Pichon-Longueville-Lalande
Pichon-Longueville (Baron)
Cos d'Estounel
Leoville Las Cases
and generally included though they are not second-growths...
Lynch-Bages
Palmer
La Mission Haut Brion
What does the term Abboccato signify?
In Italian wine, lightly sweet or slightly less sweet than amabile.
If a wine is said to be "spumante", what does that mean for the style of wine?
That the Italian wine is sparkling.
What famous fortified wine comes from Sicily?
Marsala
What is the origin of the name "Marsala"?
Named for the "Marsh of Allah", or "God's swamp". Tasty, no?
Name Sardinia's one DOCG?
Vermentino di Gallura
From the heady, nearly tropical, island of Sardinia, what are its main red grape varieties?
Cannonau
Carignena
Monica
Name the two "G" grape varieties of Calabria.
Greco - white

Gaglioppo - red
How many DOCG's are there in Calabria, Basilicata, Latium, Liguria, Molise, Valle d'Aosta, Trentino Alto Adige and Puglia?
None
The well-regarded red wine of Basilicata:
Aglianico del Vulture

(a derivative of Hellenico, having come from Greece...)
One of Campania's DOCG wines is Taurasi. What grape is used to make this wine?
Aglianico
Name Campania's 2 white DOCG wines.
Fiano di Avellina
Greco di Tufo
What is the major grape variety producing Orvieto and which Italian province produces it.
Trebbiano is the main grape for Orvieto, made in Umbria; made famous as a sweet wine, it is know known as a light, crisp, dry white.
What is the major grape variety producing Frascati?
Malvasia is the grape producing Frascati.
Name two indigenous grapes to Umbria.
Grechetto - white

Sagrantino - red
What is the DOCG wine of Abruzzi?
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo Colline Teramane
What is the DOCG wine of the Marches and what prominent winemaking families trace their roots here?
Conero is the DOCG wine from the ancestral home of the Gallos and Mondavis.

(Conero Rosso is but DOC)
Name Umbria's 2 DOCG's.
Montefalco Sagrantino(Sagrantino di Montefalco)

Torgiano Rosso Riserva
Rufina, Senesi and Fiorentini are 3 of Chianti's sub-districts. Name the other 4.
Aretini
Pisane
Montalbano
Montespertoli
Chianti, Chianti Classico and Brunello are 3 of Tuscany's DOCG's. Name the other 3. Which one is white wine?
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Vernaccia di San Gimignano - white wine
Carmignano Rosso Riserva
Which Tuscan DOCG was conceived by the Biondi-Santi family?
Brunello di Montalcino
Which Tuscan DOCG, by law, contains Cabernet Sauvignon?
Carmignano Rosso Riserva
What is the DOCG of Emilia-Romagna?
Albana di Romagna
Cinqueterre is a white DOC from which province?
Liguria
Lombardy's 3 DOCG's are:
Franciacorta - white or rose sparklers

Valtellina Superiore - red

Sforzato di Valtellina (Sfursat di Valtellina) - red amarone-style
The 4 subdistricts of Valtellina are:
Grumello - lightest
Inferno - warmest region, really?
Sassella - best quality
Valgella - productive
Moscato d'Asti, Barbaresco and Barolo are 3 of Piedmont's DOCG's, Name the other 4.
Ghemme
Gattinara
Gavi (Cortese di Gavi)
Brachetto d'Acqui
Which IGT wines come from Piedmont?
None
Soave Superiore is a predictable DOCG of the Veneto. What are the other 2?
Bardolino Superiore (Classico)
Recioto di Soave
Friuli-Venezia Giulia boasts a single DOCG. What is the wine and which district of F-VG does it come from?
Ramandolo is a sweet white wine from the Colli Orientali.
Trentino-Alto Adige is the Trentino province along the upper portion of the Adige river. It's whites are an international mix; what are it's red wine grapes?
Schiava (Vernatsch)
Lagrein
Teroldego
What is the largest wine region in the world for the number of bottles produced annually?
Bordeaux
What is the largest wine region in the world by the area it covers?
Languedoc-Roussillon
What is Chateau Latour's second wine?
Les Forts de Latour
What is the second wine of Chateau Lafite-Rothschild?
Carraudes de Lafite
What is the second wine of Chateau Margaux?
Pavillon de Margaux
Where were botrytis affected grapes first made into wine?
Tokaji-Hegyalja, Hungary
What is the second wine of Chateau Mouton-Rothschild?
La Petite Mouton
What is the second wine of Chateau Haut-Brion?
Bahans-Haut-Brion
Pinotage is the result of which vinifera cross-breeding?
Pinot Noir X Cinsault
On Austrian wine labels, what does the term "Smaragd" signal?
Late Harvest (Spatlese)
Which grape is re-named "Steen" in South Africa?
Chenin Blanc
The principal grape of Bandol is:
Mourvedre
The principal grape of Bierzo is:
Mencia
Synonym for Grauburgunder?
Pinot Gris
Pinot Grigio
The aromatic herb in German Maiwein?
Woodruff
Describe passito grapes.
Grapes that have been partially dried for wines like Amarone or Vin Santo in Italy.
What does "Lachryma Christi" mean and what grape is it made from where?
"The tears of Christ" is made in Campania from a grape variety called Coda di Volpe (tail of the fox).
What are 6 types of Fino and where do they come from?
Fino
Fino Amontillado
Amontillado
all come from Jerez de la Frontera.
The other finos are from Sanlucar de Barrameda:
Manzanilla
Manzanilla Olorosa
Manzanilla Pasada
What are 3 styles of oloroso sherry?
Oloroso
Cream
Pale Cream

(Coarser oloroso wines are confusingly called Amontillado though share none of the finer characteristics of the fino version.)
Besides fino and oloroso, name another style of sherry.
Palo Cortado
What is the grape variety of Condrieu?
Viognier
Name 4 styles of ruby port.
Ruby
Late Bottled Vintage
Crusted
Vintage Character
Single Quinta Vintage
Vintage
What is the name for a vintage-dated tawny port?
Colheita (kol-yay-ta)
What is the INAO and what does it regulate?
The "Institute National des Appellations d'Origine" is the French governmental agency overseeing the growth, authenticity and marketing of native French products. Their authority is mainly wine and spirits, but they also regulate cheeses, olives and olive oil and some butters, among other things.
Name the three major grape varieties of Navarra:
RED - 90%
Garnacha
Tempranillo
Cabernet, Merlot, Syrah

WHITE - 10%
Macabeo
Teinturier is a term used to denote what characteristic of certain grapes?
Grapes whose juice is colored/tinted.
Name an example of a teinturier grape.
Alicante Bouschet
Garnacha Tintorera
Morrastel Bouschet
Gamay Freaux
Colobel
Rubired
Which 4 AVA's are in Monterey County, CA?
Monterey AVA
Arroyo Seco AVA
Carmel AVA
Chalone AVA
Which 4 AVA's are in San Luis Obispo County, CA?
Arroyo Grande AVA
Edna Valley AVA
Paso Robles AVA
York Mountain AVA
Which 2 AVA's are in Santa Barbara County, CA?
Santa Maria Valley AVA
Santa Ynez AVA