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30 Cards in this Set

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Solids Dosage Forms
Dosage form = a system or device for delivering a drug to a biologic system.
Implants or pellets
dosage forms that are placed under the skin thru injection and are effective for a long period.
pellets
small cylinders that are implanted subcutaneously for continuous absorption
plasters
medicated or nonmedicated preparations that adhere to the skin
suppositories
solid dosage forms to be inserted in body orifices, such as the rectum and vagina, or urethra.
effervescent salts
granules or powders; when dissolved in water, they effervesce and release CO2
what is a solution?
solution contain a solute that is dissolved in a solvent; may be aqueous, alcoholic, or hydroalcoholic
example of solution:
collodion
topical dosage form that contains pyroxylin and is dissolved in alcohol and ether.
Elixir
hydroalcoholic solution (H2O+alcohol)
Enema
a solution administered rectally for either cleansing or drug administration
douche
an irrigating or bathing solution
Liniments
alcoholic or oleaginous solution
Spirits
alcholic or hydroalcoholic soultions containing volatile aromatic ingredients
tinctures
alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solutions of pure chemicals or extracts
What is dispersions
a dispersion consist of a solute dispersed through a dispersing vehicle
suspension
a two phase system in which solid particles are dispersed in a liquid vehicle. may be oral, topical, or injectable.
what is a solution?
solution contain a solute that is dissolved in a solvent; may be aqueous, alcoholic, or hydroalcoholic
example of solution:
collodion
topical dosage form that contains pyroxylin and is dissolved in alcohol and ether.
Elixir
hydroalcoholic solution (H2O+alcohol)
Enema
a solution administered rectally for either cleansing or drug administration
douche
an irrigating or bathing solution
Liniments
alcoholic or oleaginous solution
Spirits
alcholic or hydroalcoholic soultions containing volatile aromatic ingredients
tinctures
alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solutions of pure chemicals or extracts
What is dispersions
a dispersion consist of a solute dispersed through a dispersing vehicle
suspension
a two phase system in which solid particles are dispersed in a liquid vehicle. may be oral, topical, or injectable.
emulsion
one liquid is dispered in another liquid e.g may be water in oil (w/o) or oil in water (o/w)
More examples of dispersion
lotion, gel, ointment, pastes, cream
Pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committee
a committee composed of pharmacists, physicians, nurses, pharmacy buyers, and accountants who develop a formulary for a hospital.
formulary =
or approved stock list; a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together)