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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Almanac
A reference book that comes out once a year and offers facts and statistics about current events and trends
Antonym
A word that means the opposite of another word, such as: tight/loose, go/stop
Atlas
A book that contains maps and geographical information about the world
Autobiography
A passage in which the author writes about his or her own life
Biography
A passage written about the life of a person who is usually famous
Boldface (boldprint)
A name for text that appears bold, or darker than other text
Captions
text organizers that appear under pictures and tell you what to pay attention to
Cause
why something happens
Caus-and-Effect charts
Graphic organizers to help you keep track of cause-and-effect relationships
Cause-and-Effect Relationships
A structural pattern that shows what events caused or were caused by effects
Characters
The people or animals that you read about in stories
Chronological Order
The order in which events happen
Compare
To find similarities between two or more things
Conclusion
A decision about why things happen the way they did based on details
Conflict
A struggle between characters or forces in a story
Contemporary Fiction
Stories that are set in the present
Context Clues
Words or phrases near an unfamilar word that help you figure out the new word's meaning
Contrast
To find differences between two or more things
Diagrams
plans, sketches, drawings, or outlines designed to help the reader understand difficult information
Dictionary
A reference book listing words in alphabetical order with their pronunciations and all of their definitions
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more people, such as that between characters in a drama or narrative
Effect
the result of a cause
Encyclopedia
A reference book of many volumes that contain articles about different subjects. The volumes are arranged alphabetically
Evidence
Something that is helpful in forming a conclusion or judgment
Fable
A short tale that teaches a lesson. The characters in fables are usually animals who act and talk like people. Also called a folk tale
Facts
Things that actually happened or are really true
Fiction
Made up stories and poems
Figurative Language
Language used in writing to create imagery. Figurative language often appeals to the senses
Folklore
Stories that explain something about nature or humans. These stories may have animals or mythical gods as characters.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not rhyme or follow a pattern
Glossary
A listing of vocabulary words within a book. A glossary is in alphabetical ordr and provides a brief definition of key words from the book it is in
Graphs
Visual organizers that show information at a glance
Graphic Features
Text organizers that show information visually
Graphic Organizers
Visual tools to help you understand what you read
Graphics
Text organizers that are a good way of presenting information about numbers
Heading
Text organizer that appears at the beginning of a passage that usually reveals the passage's main idea
Historical Fiction
Stories that are set in the past and based on true events
Homonyms
Words that sound the same, but have different meanings
Identifying Sources
To fugure out where to find more passages like the passages alread read
Illustrations
Pictures that accompany a story to help the reader visualize a scene
Index
A listing of topics that are covered in a book. The topics are listed in alphabetical order
Italics
A name for text that appears slanted to the right
Main Idea
The most inportant idea that an author makes in a passage
Maps
Describe the location of someplace in reference to something else
Meter
The rhythm that words make as you read a poem
Milestone
An event marking a signficant new development or stage in aperson's life
Mysteries
Stories that are about puzzling crimes to be solved
Narrator
The person telling the story, like a speaker
Nonfiction
Teaches you facts and gives you information about real-life people, events, and places
Opinions
Beliefs that are based on individual's judgements
Outines
Graphic organizers to help you organize information and rememeber what you read
Patterned Poems
Poetry in which the poet may repeat certain phrases to give the poem a nice rhythm
Plot
What happens in a story
Plot Development
The individual events that make up a story
Prediction
A guess about what will happen based on facts
Prefixes
Groups of letters or short words added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning
Reference Materials
Books like dictionaries and atlases, that give you information about a subject
Resolution
The event or manner in which a conflict ends
Rhymed Poems
Poetry in which the last word or differnt lines rhyme with each other
Root Words
The base words that you can change by adding prefixes or suffixes
Scanning
Reading quickly to look for specific words or phrases
Science Fiction
Stories that have elements of fantasy based in science
Setting
The time and place in which a story occurs
Skimming
Reading quickly to get a general idea of a passage's content
Sources
Materials, like books and magazines, that provide the information in reports
Stanza
A group of words within a poem
Structural Patterns
How authors organize the information they present in a passage
Subheadings
Heading within a passage that break the paragraphs up into groups
Suffixes
Groups of letters or short words added to the end of a word to change its meaning
Summarize
To sum up the most important ideas in the passage
Supporting Ideas
Pieces of information that support your central idea
Survey
A gathering of a sample of data or opinions considered to be representative of a whole
Syllable
A unit of spoken language consisting of a single uninterrupted sound formed by a bowel, dipthing, or syllabic cnosonant alone, or by any of these sounds preceded, followed, or surrounded by one or more consonants
Table of Contents
A table or listof topics in a book, showing their order and the place where they may be found
Text Organizers
Features that authors use to make it easier to understand what you are reading
Thesaurus
A reference book that provides a list of synonyms and antonyms for a given word
Timelines
Graphic organizers to help yo keep track of teh order in which wvents take place
Type Styles
Text organizers such as italics and boldfaced letters that can make yo pay attention to unfamiliar or important words
Venn Diagrams
Graphic organizers that help you compare and contrast two things