Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/70

Click to flip

70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
authority
power that people consider legitimate, as rightly exercized over them.
charisma
an outstanding magnetic personality.
coercion
power that people do not accept as rightly exercized over them.
democracy
a system of government from which authority derives from the people
dictatorship
a form of government which power has been siezed by an individual.
direct democracy
a form of democracy in which the eligible voters meet together to discuss issues and make their decisions.
monarchy
headed by a king or queen.
oligarchy
a form of government which power is held by a small groop of people.
rational legal authority
authority based on law or writen rules and regulations.
totalitarianism
a form of government that exerts almost total control over people.
voler apathy
half of the eligible voters do not vote.
descent
process of tracing kinship
blended family
a family whose members were once part of other families.
cohabitation
unmaried couples living together in a sexual relation ship.
empty nest
maried couples situation after the last child has left home.
family
two or more people who consider themselves by blood or marriage or adoption.
family of orientation
family in which a person grows up.
incest
sexual relations between specified relatives such as brother sister parents children.
machismo
emphasis on male strength and dominance
polygyny
a form of marriage in which men have more than one wife.
nuclear family
the family consisting of a husband and wife and child/ children
sandwich generation
ages 40-55 and they take care of their parents.
serial fatherhood
have many childern with many diffrent wemon after he maries them.
church
a moral comunity of belivers

highly organized group with sedate worship services and little emphasis on personal conversion
cult
a new religion with followers whose teachings and practices put it at odds with a dominant culture and religion.
denomination
a "brand name" within a major religion
ecclesia
a religuous group so integrated into the dominant cultre that it is difficult to tell where one begins and the other leaves off
evangelism
an attempt to win converts
animism
the belief that all objects in the world have spirits, some of which are dangeruous and must be outwitted
education
a formal system of teaching knowledge, values, and skills
functional illiteracy
a highgraduate who has trouble with basic reading and writing
gate keeping
the process by which education opens and closes the doors of opportunity
latent function
unintended beneficial consequences of peoples' actions
grade inflation
higher grades given on same work; grade based on improvment
social promontion
passing students on to the next grade even though they have not mastered their basic materials.
evangelism
1
ecclesia
1
fundumentalism
the belief that true religion is threatened by modernism and its values and that the faith originally practiced should be restored
monotheism
the belief that there is only one god
polytheism
the belief that there are many gods
reincarnation
the return of the soul (or self) after death in a different form
religious experience
a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feeling of coming in contact with god
sect
a religious group larger than a cult that still feels substantial hostility from and toward society
secularrization for religion
the replacement of a religion's spiritual or otherworldly concerns with concerns for this world
state religion
a gov't sponsored religion
fad
a temporary pattern of behavior that catches peoples' attention
fashion
catches peoples' behavior and lasts longer than a fad
mass hysteria
an imagined threat that causes physical symptoms among a large number of people.
milling
a crowd standing or walking around as they talk excitedly about some event.
minimax strategy
term for the efforts people make to minimize their cost and maximize their rewards.
moral panic
a theory that groups a large group of people that some evil thretins the well bing of society followed by hostility, sometimes violence, toward those thought responsible.
proactive social movement
social movement that promotes some social change.
propaganda
the presentation of information in the atempt to influence people.
public
a dispersed group of people relevant to a social movement
riot
violent crowd behavior directed at property and people.
rumor
unfounded info spread among people.
urban legend
a story with an ironic twist that sounds realistic but is false.
cultural lag
human behavior lagging behind technological inovations.
diffusion
the spread of an invention or discovery from one area to another.
discovery
a new way of seeing reality.
invention
the combination of existing elements and materials to form new ones
technology
the skills and procedures necessary to make and use tools
alternative medicine
madical treatment other than that of standard western medicine.
defensive medicine
medical practices not done for patients benifits but inorder to protect the physician from malpractice suites.
epidemiology
the study of disease and disability paterns.
euthanasia
mercy killing of the elderly and sick.
health
a human condition measured by four components: physical, mental, social, spiritual
medicalization
a transformation something into a matter to be treated by physicans.
medicine
one of the major social institutions that sociologist study; societys organized ways of dealing with sickness and injury.
sick role
a social role that excuses people from normal obligations because, they are sick or injured while at the same time expecting them to seek competent help and cooperate in getting well.