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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The countries of Western Europe and the overseas English-speaking countries: the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand
Western Nations
A marriage system in which people are allowed only one spouse
A marriage system in which men or women (or both)are allowed to have more than one spouse
Benefits or costs that accrue to others when an individual or business produces something
The costs imposed on other individuals or businesses when an individual or business produce something of value to itself
Negative Externalities
Benefits received by others when an individual or business produces something, but for which the producer is not fully compensated
Positive Externalities
Things that may be enjoyed by people who do not themselves produces them
Public Goods
The tendency for people to obtain public goods by letting others do the work of producing them
Free-Rider Problem
One adult, or two adults who are related by marriage, partnership, or shared parenthood, who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves
Public Family
Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely
Private Family
Kindship ties that people have to construct actively
Created Kinship
Kinship ties that people more or less automatically acquire when they are born or when they marry
Assigned Kinship
The ability to draw conclusions about a social situation that are unaffected by one's own beliefs
A systematic, organized series of steps that ensures maximum objectivity and consistency in researching a problem
Scientific Method
A speculative statement about the relationship between two or more variables
A study in which individuals from a geographic area are selected, usually at random, and asked a fixed set of questions
A study in which the researcher spends time directly observing each participant
Observational Study (also known as field research)
A survey in which interviews are conducted several times at regular intervals
Longitudinal Survey
Analysis of survey data by the people who collected the info
Primary Analysis
Analysis of survey data by people other than those who collected it
Secondary Analysis
A sociological theory that attempts to determine the functions, or uses, of the main ways in which a society is organized
Functionalist Theory
A sociological theory that focuses on inequality, power, and social change
Conflict Theory
A sociological theory that views people as rational beings who decide whether to exchange goods or services by considering the benefits they will receive, the costs they will incur, and the benefits they might receive if they were to choose an alternative course of action
Exchange Theory
A sociological theory that focuses on people's interpretations of symbolic behavior
Symbolic Interaction Theory
A sociological theory that focuses on the domination of women by men
Feminist Theory
The social and cultural characteristics that distinguish women and men in a society
The period between the last few decades of the twentieth century and the present day
Late Modern Era
The process through which individuals take in knowledge, reflect on it, and alter their behavior as a result
The view that human behavior can be explained in terms of evolutionary pressure to be have in ways that maximize the chances of reproduction
Evolutionary Psychology
A set of roles and rules that define a social unit of importance to society
Social Institution