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40 Cards in this Set

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SOCIAL STRUCTURE
PATTERNED SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN GROUPS WITHOUT PERSONNAL EMBARRASSMENT OR SOCIAL DISRUPTION
SOCIAL INTERACTION
THE PROCESS OF (2) OR MORE PERSONS INFLUENCING EACH OTHERS BEHAVIOR
STATUS
A POSITION A PERSON OCCUPIES WITHIN A SOCIAL STRUCTURE
ASCRIBED STATUS
NEITHIER EARNED NOR CHOSEN, IT'S ASSIGNED TO US..IE MALE OR FEMALE
ACHIEVED STATUS
EARNED OR CHOSEN BECAUSE PEOPLE HAVE SOME DEGREE OF CONTROL AND CHOICE..IE A SPOUSE OR PARENT
ASCRIBED MASTER STATUS EXAMPLES
AIDS PATIENT FROM A TRANFUSION, PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED, AGE, GENDER RACE, AND ETHNICITY ARE ASCRIBED MASTER STATUSES BECAUSE THEY SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT THE LIKELIHOOD OF ACHIEVING OTHER SOCIAL STATUSES.
ROLE
CULTURALLY DEFINED RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS ATTATCHED TO STATUSES THAT INDICATE THE BEHAVIOR EXPECTED OF INDIVIDUALS HOLDING THEM
ROLE PERFORMANCE
THE ACTUAL CONDUCT INVOLVED IN ACTIVATING A ROLE ...IE FATHERS
ROLE STRAIN
WHEN THE ROLES PERTAINING TO A SINGLE STATUS ARE INCONSISTENT IE... STATUS OF A STUDENT
ROLE CONFLICT
EXISTS WHEN THE PERFORMANCE OF A ROLE IN ONE STATUS CLASHES WITH THE PERFORMANCE OF A ROLE IN ANOTHER STATUS. IE ... A WORKING PARENT
SOCIETY
PEOPLE LIVING WITHIN DEFINED TERRITORIAL BORDERS WHO SHARE A COMMON CULTURE
GROUP
COMPOSED OF PEOPLE WHO ARE IN CONTACT WITH ONE ANOTHER, AND SHARE SOME WAYS OF THINKING AND BEHAVING
NON-GROUP
DOES NOT HAVE ATTRIBUTES OF A GROUP
SOCIAL AGGREGATE
NON-GROUP- NUMBER OF PEOPLE HAPPEN TO BE AT THE SAME PLACE AT THE SAME TIME
THERE ARE TWO PRINCIPLE TYPES OF GROUPS
PRIMARY GROUP

SECONDARY GROUP
PRIMARY GROUP
COMPOSED OF PEOPLE WHO ARE EMOTIONALLY CLOSE, KNOW ONE ANOTHER WELL, AND SEEK ONE ANOTHERS COMPANY. THEY HAVE A "WE" FEELING AND ENJOY BEING TOGETHER. THESE RELATIONSHIPS ARE INTIMATE, PERSONAL, CARING, AND FULFILLING
SECONDARY GROUP
SECONDARY GROUPS EXIST TO ACCOMPLISH A SPECIFIC PURPOSE. IT'S IMPERSONAL, AND GOAL ORIENTED. IE VOLUNTEER GROUPS DURING A DISASTER.
REFERENCE GROUPS
GROUPS WE USE TO EVALUATE OURSELVES AND TO ACQUIRE ATTITUDES, VALUES, BELIEFS, AND NORMS.
SOCIAL NETWORK
A WEB OF SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS THAT JOIN A PERSON DIRECTLY TO OTHER PEOPLE AND GROUPS. ALL OF A PERSONS SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
BEUROCRACY
A TYPE OF FORMAL ORGINIATION WHICH IS BASED ON RATIONALITY AND EFFICIENCY
MAX WEBER
SOCIOLOGIST RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EARLIEST ANALYSIS OF THE NATURE OF BEUROCRACY.
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
THYE ORGINIZATION HAS A DIVISION OF LABOR BASED ON THE PRINCIPLE OF SPECIALIZATION.

THIS IMPROVES ORGINIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE BECAUSE AN INDIVIDUAL CAN BECOME AN EXPERT IN A LIMITED AREA OF ORGINIZATIONAL ACTIVITY
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
THE ORGINIZATION HAS A HIERARCHY OF AUTHORITY.

AUTHORITY IS THE EXCERCISE OF LEGITIMATE POWER, POWER THAT PRODUCES COMPLIANCE BECAUSE THOSE SUBJECTED TO IT BELIEVE THAT OBEDIENCE IS THE PROPER RESPONSE.
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
ORGINIZATIONAL AFFAIRS ARE BASED ON A SYSTEM OF RULES AND PROCEDURES.

THEY STABALIZE THE ORGINIZATION BECAUSE THEY COORDINATE ACTIVITIES AND COVER MOST SITUATIONS
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
MEMBERS OF THE ORGINIZATION MAINTAIN WRITTEN RECORDS OF THEIR ORGINIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

ORGINIZATIONAL "MEMORY" IS ESSENTIAL TO SMOOTH FUNCTIONING, STABILITY, AND CONTINUITY.
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
STATUSES IN THE ORGINIZATION- ESPECIALLY MANAGERIAL ONES- - ARE CONSIDERED FULL TIME JOBS

BEUROCRATIC STATUSES ARE NOT CONSIDERED AVOCATIONAL. THIS INCREASES THE COMMITMENT OF THE ORGINIATIONS MEMBERS AND DEMANDS THEIR FULL ATTENTION.
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
RELATIONSHIPS WITHIN THE ORGINIZATION ARE IMPERSONAL, DEVOID OF FAVORTISM

PERSONNEL ARE SELECTED ON THE BASIS OF TECHNICAL AND PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS AND PROMOTED ON THE BASIS OF MERIT.
CHARACHTERISTICS OF A BEUROCRACY
EMPLOYEES OF BEUROCRATIC ORGINIZATIONS DO NOT OWN THEIR POSITIONS.

BEUROCRATIC POSITIONS CANNOT BE SOLD OR INHERITED. POSITIONS ARE FILLED BY THE MOST QUALIFIED PEOPLE. THOSE IN BEUROCRATIC POSITIONS ARE HELD RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR USE OF EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES
MAX WEBER
SOCIOLOGIST RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EARLIEST ANALYSIS OF THE NATURE OF BEUROCRACY.
GROUP THINK
SITUATION IN WHICH PRESSURES TOWARD UNIFORMITY DISCOURAGE MEMBERS OF THE GROUP FROM EXPRESSING THEIR RESERVATIONS ABOUT GROUP DECISIONS
DEVIANCE
BEHAVIOR THAT VIOLATES SIGNIFICANT SOCIAL NORMS
ONE OF THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF DEVIANCE IS
DEVIANCE ERODES TRUST
DEVIANCE CAN BENEFIT SOCIETY BECAUSE IT
CAN PROMOTE SOCIAL CHANGE
SOCIAL CONTROL
THE MEANS OF PROMOTING CONFORMITY TO A GROUPS OR SOCITIES RULES.
ANOMIE
A SOCIAL CONDITION IN WHICH NORMS ARE WEAK, CONFLICTING, OR ABSENT
MERTONS STRAIN THEORY
DEVIANCE IS MOST LIKELY TO OCCUR WHEN THERE IS A DISCREPANCY BTWN A CULTURALLY PRESCRIBED GOAL (ECONOMIC SUCCESS, FOR EXAMPLE) AND A LEGITIMATE MEANS OF OBTAINING IT ( EDUCATION). THE RESULTING STRAIN CAUSES SOME PEOPLE TO ENGAGE IN DEVIANT BEHAVIOR.
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS
IN THE U.S. , THE MAJOR SOURCE FOR CRIME STATISTICS IS THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORT
NATIONAL CRIME VICTIMIZATION SURVEY
THE SURVEY IS CONDUCTED SEMIANNUALLY BY THE US CENSUS BUREAU. THE BUREAU USES STATE OF THE ART SURVEY RESEARCH TECHNIQUES.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
COMPOSED OF THE POLICE, THE COURTS, AND THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM
RECIDIVISM
IN OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, THERE'S A LOT OF RECIDIVISM---WHEN A CRIMINAL IS RELEASED FROM PRISON, AND THEN COMMITS ANOTHER CRIME