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25 Cards in this Set

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totality of all learned such as beliefs and material; the way of life.
4 major aspects are ideas, values, customs, and artifacts.
Culture
the people that belong within the culture.
Society
all societies that have developed certain common practices and beliefs
ex.(cooking, athletics, funerals, marriages)
Cultural Universals
the process of introducing an idea or object that is new to cu lure.
Innovation
making known or sharing the existence of an aspect of reality.
discovery
when existing cultures are combined into a form that did not exist before
Invention
process by which a culture item spreads from group to group or society to society.
diffusion
information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires
Technology
The process of change and development in human societies that results from cumulative growth in their stores of cultural information.
Sociocultural Evolution
A preindustrial society in which people rely on whatever foods and fibers are readily available in order to live.
Hunting-and-gathering society
Preindustrial society in which people plant seeds and crops rather that subsist merely on available foods
Horticultural
The most technologically advanced form of preindustrial society.
Agrarian Society
A society that depends on mechanization to produce its economic goods and services.
Industrial Society
A society whose economic system is primarily engaged in the processing and control of information.
Postindustrial Society
A technologically sophisticated society that is preoccupied with consumer goods and media images.
Postmodern Society
an abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture.
Language
established standards of behavior maintained by a society.
Norms
penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm.
Sanctions
collective conceptions of what is considered good, desirable, and proper in a culture.
values
refers to the physical or technological aspects of our daily lives including food items, hoses, factories, and raw materials.
Material Culture
refers to ways of using material objects and to customs, beliefs, philosophies, governments, and patterns of communication.
Nonmaterial Culture
a period of maladjustment during which the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions.
Cultural Lag
feeling of surprise and disorientation that is experienced when people witness cultural practices differnt from their own.
Cultural Shock
a subculture that deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture
Counterculture
a segment of of society that shares a distinctive pattern of mores, folkways, and values that differs from the pattern of the larger society.
Subculture