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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
counterculture
groups that reject the norms and values of dominant culture an have a distinctive way of life that is in conflict with dominant culture's norms and values
culture
the values, ideas, beliefs, behaviors, language, and material objects that form a people's distinctive way of life and are transmitted from ont generation to the next
cultural revativism
elevation of the practices and customs of aculture by the culture's own standards
culture shock
disorientation people fell when they are exposed to a way of life that is very different from their own
cultural universals
those customs, traits, and behaviors that occur in every known culture
ethnocentrism
the practice of evaluatin other cultures by the values and standard of one's own culture
folkways
norms and customs of lesser morals significance that guide everyday interactions, and which may be violated without serious consequences
high culture
cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite from the other classes in a society
ideal culture
the values a culture professes to be very important
incest taboo
a cultural iniversal that forbids sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives
language
set of symbols that allows people to think and communicate with each other
laws
formal norms created by a society's government that are punishable by official sanctions when violated
material culture
tangible objects that members of a society use, share, and create
mores
norms of considerable moral significance that carry serious consequences if violated
nonmateral culture
intangible parts of a society, such as ideas, values, beliefs, norms and language, that shape peoples' behaviors
ethnocentrism
the practice of evaluatin other cultures by the values and standard of one's own culture
folkways
norms and customs of lesser morals significance that guide everyday interactions, and which may be violated without serious consequences
high culture
cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite from the other classes in a society
ideal culture
the values a culture professes to be very important
incest taboo
a cultural iniversal that forbids sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives
norms
specific rules that specify how someone is expected to act in a certain situation
popular culture
cultural patterns that are widespread within the middle and working classes of a society
real culture
the actual values embodied in the everyday behavior of members of a specific reality
subculture
a group of people that possess some cultural pattern that distinguishes it from the larger society
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
States that language shapes the specific way people understand, view, and interpret reality
symbol
anything that carries a specific meaning recognized and understood by people in the same culture, including sounds, gestures, and written representations
values
general evaluative standards by which members of a specific culture determine what is right or wrong, desirable or undesirable, and good or bad
Subcultures
Chinatowns-deadheads-Amish-gay/lesbians(accept and follow mores& values)
Countercultures
Aryan nation-hippies-(rejects norms & values, have distinct way of life that causes tension/conflict)
Simmel
symbolic-interactionalist-culture can be seen as having a life of its own/can be a source of control and constraint upon individuals