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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Def of culture.
The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior that defines the group or society to which we belong.
Def of cultural universals.
General practices that are found in every culture.
what is globalization?
it refers to the resulting worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets.
What is language?
An important element in culture.
What are norms?
the standards of behavior members of a society are expected to uphold.
Formal-written down
informal-generally understood
Sanctions?
The rewards and punishments meted out to those who comply with or violate social norms.
Dominant Ideology?
a set of beliefs and practices that reinforce powerful social, economic, and political interest.
Subcultures?
groups of people who share norms and values that differ from those of the larger society and may contradict the dominant ideology.
ethnocentrism?
The act of using your own culture as the standard for evaluating other cultures.
cultural relativism?
The perspective of seeing other cultures as members of those cultures see them.
socialization
a society's cultural values is influenced both by the enviornment and by heredity.
Sociobiology?
The study of the biological bases of social behavior.
Looking-glass self
Charles Horton Cooley asserted that we learn who we are by interacting with others.
self?
George Herbert Mead, proposed a three stage theory of the development of the self.
Erving Goffman
many of our daily activities involve attempts to convey distinct impressions of who we are. THIS IS CALLED IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT.
LIFE COURSE APPROACH
to the study of socialization are interested in the social factors that influence people throughout their lives, from birth to death. primary agents are the family, schools, work, religion, mass media, and the state.
ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION?
the processes of socialization in which a person "rehearses" for future positions, occupations, and social relationships.
DEGRADATION CEREMONY?
WHEN A PERSON LOSES THEIR INDIVIDUALITY WITHIN TOTAL INSTITUTIONS.
COGNITIVE THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT?
Piaget's four stages in the development of children's thought processes.
1- touch
2- use of words and symbols
3- engage in more logical thinking
4 - sophisticated abstract thought
What are the stages of the self?
The Preparatory Stage
The play stage
The game stage
What is the Preparatory Stage?
children imitate the people around them.
What is the Play stage?
symbols to socialization. communicating through symbols, gradually become more aware of social relationships. pretending to be other people
What is the Game stage?
eight or nine years old begin to consider several tasks and relationships simultaneously. children grasp not only their own social positions but also those of others around them.