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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Sociology
A discipline that is given to understand the world
Wiehanschauung
World View; Common Sense World and Taken-for-Granted world
Sociological Imagination
(Who and what)
C. Wright Mills
The connection between biography and history-
Distinction between Public and Private
Socialization
the creation of a background and a foreground of institutions
Folkways
habits that are appropriate but not necessarily insisted upon
Mores
practices of moral disapproval
Customs
routines of work and behavior
Laws
practices, rules, enacted by those who have political power;
inverse relationship between law and the other social norms
Social Control
Emile Durkheim-
means by which any society brings back its rebellious members from breaking the rules
External Social Control
Violence, economic pressure, informal pressure, political correctness
Internal Social Control
pressures that come from within the conscious
Tribes
People with which you share a common culture
Inside/Outside
A testament to how members of people inside the tribes treat those who are in it or out of it
Culture
A collective whole that binds people based on their similarities in religion, language, beliefs etc.
World Builder
Man is born unfinished, we create the material and cultural world out of necessity
Deviance
a way to manage social control
Purposes of Deviance
Creating an insider from an outsider;
Three kinds of Deviance control
Labeling- the naming of a deviant, casting him outside of the group and eventually getting him to accept
Solidarity- the creation of the group as a whole by naming an outsider
Moral Authority- a moral hierarchy is established
Two types of Deviance
Primary-insignifant, often ignored
Secondary-labeling of the offender and the acceptance of the label by the offender
W.I. Thomas
"situations are real in their consequence"
Cui Bono
"Says Who"
Socialization
process of learning social patterns (institutions), the process of making external guidelines into internal rules
Super Ego
Conscious being
Ego
subconscious
ID
the being
G.H. Mead
Maker of Significant Other/Generalized Other
Significant Other
The person who one has strong emotional attachment with and who teaches the role to the individual
Generalized Other
the people who show us the truths we hold to be a part of our society, norms are created, rules are formed
I and Me
I- unsocialized, spontaneous part of self
Me-the empirically available self, part of the self that is shaped by society
Pluralistic World
There are many worlds that are overlapping
W.M James.
The person who came up with multiple selves. "the individual has as many selves as there are people who hold an image of him"
C.H. Cooley
the person who came up with the "looking glass self"
Looking Glass Self
we become what people see us as being; identity is something that is socially bestowed on us
Primary Socialization
the aquaintance to the social world around us
Secondary Socialization
Socialization into a specific social world
Cultural Trialectic
Ideas, Institution and the identity
Erving Goffman
the person who came up with Analogical Thinking
"All the world's a stage, we're all just performers"
Define who we are by how we perform in a situation
use of adornments to create our identity
backstage/frontstage
Derber
Pursuit of Attention-Conversational Narcissim
Collective Effervescence
Mob Mentality
Modernization
process of social change where technology induced economic growth
Modernity
Epoch of modernization
Three Qualities of the Modern World
Rationalization, Structural Pluralism, Cultural Pluralism
Rationalization
order shown in social organization, can be organized through popularity, bravery, power
Herbert Markuza
Application of Man; Choices made are filtered through the grid of utility
Cultural Pluralism
Diversity in a Culture
Tolerance
Something needed in response to cultural pluralism
Structural Pluralism
The difference between public and the private spheres of the social world
Public Sphere
sphere of megastructures-institutions
Private Sphere
not consumed by megastructures-sphere of intimate
Post Modern
The period that aspired perfection but realized that the technology only gave more destruction
Late Modern
the period that fixed the issues of the period before it to have a greater development
Deinstitutionalization
the process of normative patterns entering the foreground and transforming from things that are taken for granted into conscious thoughts and choices
Deinstitutionalization of Language
the change in the meaning of words in our everyday lives
Electronic Media and Deinstitutionalization
attention put on the newest technology
Consequences of the Electronic Media
Transform Time and Space by Compressing them; Compartmentalize the world, divide up reality, Represents experience purely as entertainment, intimacy is abstracted
Roots of Identity
Family, Space, Religion and Social World
Subjectivation
the turning inward to establish an identity
Authenticity
Our true self is our moral self
Sincerity
Consistency in virtue
Dignity
inherent human significance
Honor
direct representation of status, implied certain standards of behavior
Soul
What defines us as more than a body
Self
What has come to define us
Mate Selection
modern phenomenon of choosing a mate
Courtly Love
a kind of love more about the emotion than the physical connection, celebrated adultery and chastity
Deinstitutionalization of Childhood
movement from kids being considered little adults to the process of their development
Causes for the deinstitutionalization of the family
1. cohesion of the family was being challenged and weakened
2. credible productivity, incredible wealth/ increases in food supply
Deinstitutionalization of Marriage
movement from partnering with someone for procreation and economics to finding someone who could be your best friend/soulmate
Totemism
the finding of the most primitive religion and what causes it and how it developed
Religion
interdependent set of beliefs and practices regarding things sacred.
Supernationalism
the making of things sacred
profane
things that are not sacred, ordinary
Stages of Totemism
1:clan creates a common community
2: adoption of totem to represent clan
3: hold totem in a state of awe and respect
4: birth of beliefs and moral codes as result of the totem
Durkheim
creator of totemism
sacred
symbolic representation of the groups values and traits
Cause for Religion
rites and rituals are social events which reinforce the qualities of the sacred
Function of Religion
serves as a refuge from personal experiences
Sacred Canopy
the metaphor that explains how religion affects life
Secularization
movement away from religion
Stratification
ranking of life choices based on differences in gender, race, age, religion
Cause for Life Chances
Education
Karl Marx
Class is everything
Weber
Power comes down to class, party and status
E Pluribus Unum
For many, one
American Democracy
the result of a changing E Pluribus Unum
Emile Durkheim
Solidarity
Mechanical Solidarity
based on common beliefs, values, ideals
Organic Solidarity
rooted in interdependence
Ideal Consensus
the idea of the American dream and how to achieve it
Substance Consensus
the loss of faith in the government
Legitimation Crisis
How can we know who is looking out for our best interest?
Plausibility Structures
Being surrounded by people who support your beliefs
American Democracy
the result of a changing E Pluribus Unum
Emile Durkheim
Solidarity
Mechanical Solidarity
based on common beliefs, values, ideals
Organic Solidarity
rooted in interdependence
Ideal Consensus
the idea of the American dream and how to achieve it
Substance Consensus
the loss of faith in the government
Legitimation Crisis
How can we know who is looking out for our best interest?
Plausibility Structures
Being surrounded by people who support your beliefs