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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a subfield of sociology that examines population size, composition, and distribution
the actual level of childbearing for an individual or a population.
the number of live births per 1000 people in a population in a given year.
crude birth rate
the incidence of death in a population
the number of deaths per 1000 people in population in a given year.
crude death rate
the movement of peopel from one geographic area to another for the purpose of changing residency.
the biological and social characteristics of a population, including age, sex, race, martial status, education, occupation, income, and size of household.
population composition
a term used by demographers to denote the number of males for every hundred females in a given population
sex ratio
a graphic representation of the distribution of a population by sex and age.
population pyramid
the poin at which no population increase occurs from year to year
zero population growth
the process by which some societies have moved from high birth rates and death rates to relatively low birth rates and death rates as a result of technological development
demographic transition
the process by which a new category of people or type of land use arrives in an area previously occupied by another group or type of land use.
the process by which a new category of people or type of land use gradually predominates in an area formerly dominated by another group or activity.
the process by which members of the middle and upper middle classes, especially whites, move into a central city area and renovate existing properties.