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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
social stratification
the process of ranking individuals and groups into hierarchical layers or strata
open system
people are allowed to change their status with relative ease

- high social mobility
- achieved status
closed system
difficult to change social status
-low social mobility
-ascribed status (Japanese princess marries commoner)
Functionalist explanation of stratification
it exists because it benefits society.

in order to gain status, it takes a person who is willing to perform at that high level. therefore, those people who have the highest statuses are those that are most needed for the society to operate well bc they're the most talented
conflict theory explanation of stratification
it exists because it benefits groups with power, which in turn allows them to dominate over others
synthesized view of stratification
it evolves to reduce the conflict over scarce resources

as technology gets better, the surplus of goods is distributed based on power. conflicts can arise over the values and expectations of where to distribute them.
absolute poverty
not having the means to secure the basic necessities of life (food, water, clothing, shelter)
relative poverty
inability to maintain an average standard of living in comparison to other members of society
5 class system
upper class (1-2%)
upper-middle class
lower-middle class
working class
lower-class (20-25%-->blacks, Hispanics, single mothers with dependent children, etc.)
5 properties of minority group
1.physical/cultural characteristics that make them different from dominant group
2.experience unequal treatment
3.born into the group
4.strong sense of solidarity
5.generally marry from the same group
a social construct - a group of ppl who see themselves and seen by others as having hereditary traits that see them apart
groups identified culturally: language, folk practices, dress, mannerisms, religion, sense of nationhood, shared history
3 components of racism
ethnocentrism: out-group is object of fear

competition: success requires out-group to lose

unequal power: determines which group can institutionalize the racism
Marxist theory of racism
racial prejudice benefits capitalism
Functionalist view of racial prejudice
positive function for dominant groups
conflict theorist view of racial prejudice
it's a central factor in the exploitation of minorities
interactionist theory of prejudice (micro-level)
everyday interactions between people of different race can lead to more tolerance or more hostility
institutionalized sexism
policies, procedures, and practices that produce inequality between men and women