Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/57

Click to flip

57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
C.Wright Mills’s term for the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society.
sociological imagination
the systematic study of human society and social interaction.
sociology
People who are united by a geographic boundary who share many aspects of culture (political system, economy, languge)
society
an approach that examines whole societies, large-scale social structures, and social systems.
macrolevel analysis
sociological theory and research that focus on small groups rather than on large-scale social structures.
microlevel analysis
What social revolution occured between 1760-1850 in Great Britain, which spread through the rest of W. Europe and the U.S.?
Industrial Revolution
the process by which societies are transformed from dependence on agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on manufacturing and related industries.
industrialization
the concentration of humanity into cities rather than in rural areas
urbanization
a term describing Auguste Comte’s belief that the world can best be understood through scientific inquiry.
positivism
Herbert Spencer’s belief that those species of animals, including human beings, best adapted to their environment survive and prosper, whereas those poorly adapted die out.
social Darwinism
Emile Durkheim’s term for patterned ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that exist outside any one individual but that exert social control over each person.
social facts
"without norms" or when norms for behavior are unclear, weak, or absent Emile Durkheim
anomie
This theorist viewed history of societies as a constant conflict of interests between those w/ wealth & power and those without.
Karl Marx
a feeling of powerlessness from others and oneself
worker alienation
the identity conflict of being black and an american.
double conciousness
a set of logically-related statements that attempt to describe, explain, & sometimes predict events
Theory
the sociological approach that views society as a stable, orderly system.
functionalist perspectives
functions that are intended and/or overtly recognized by the participants in a social unit.
manifest functions
unintended functions that are hidden and remain unacknowledged by participants.
latent functions
In it's original formulation, is conflict theory macro or micro?
macro
Is functionalism macro or micro?
macro
the sociological approach that views society as the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups.
symbolic interactionist perspectives
Is symbolic interactionist macro or micro?
micro
the sociological approach that attempts to explain social life in modern societies that are characterized by postindustrialization, consumerism, and global communications.
postmodern perspectives
Are postmodern perspectives macro or micro?
both
Deductive starts with a observing or theory?
theory
Inductive starts with observing or theory?
observing to come up with a theory
sociological research methods that use interpretive description (words) rather than statistics (numbers) to analyze underlying meanings and patterns of social relationships.
qualitative research
sociological research methods that are based on the goal of scientific objectivity and that focus on data that can be measured numerically.
quantitative research
Which theoretical framework would likely correspond well with a qualitative study?
symbolic interactionist
In which orientation of research are we likely to precisely measure the factors that vary?
quantitative
A concept (or factor) that differs from one case to the next in your study is called a
variable
Any concept (factor) that does not vary from one case to the next in your study is called a
constant
in sociological research, the extent to which a study or research instrument accurately measures what it is supposed to measure.
validity
in sociological research, the extent to which a study or research instrument yields consistent results when applied to different individuals at one time or to the same individuals over time.
reliability
Percipitants respond to a series of questions or statements to tell us about social/personal life patterns.
survey
a research method in which researchers use existing material and analyze data that were originally collected by others.
secondary analysis
People are observed and/or interviewed in natural settings (to reveal aspects of social life).
Field Research
a detailed study of the life and activities of a group of people by researchers who may live with that group over a period of years.
ethnography
What theoretical framework would likely guide field research?
symbolic interactionist
The researcher studies variables under highly-controlled conditions (to learn about processes of social life).
experiment
Which research method did Durkheim's study of suicide involve?
secondary analysis
the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next in a human group or society.
culture
anything that meaningfully represents something else.
symbol
a set of symbols that expresses ideas and enables people to think and communicate with one another.
language
societal expectations based on a person's sex
gender
What is ableism?
prejudice and discrimination against someone with a disability
What is ageism?
prejudice and discrimination against younger and older people
What is heterosexism?
prejudice and discrimination against gay and bi
What is sizism?
prejudice and discrimination against overweight and midgits
collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad, and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture.
values
established rules of behavior or standards of conduct.
norms
the knowledge, techniques, and tools that allow people to transform resources into a usable form and the knowledge and skills required to use what is developed.
technology
What do we mean by cultural lag?
when material culture outplaces nonmaterial culture
a group of people who share a distinctive set of cultural beliefs and behaviors that differs in some significant way from that of the larger society.
subculture
the assumption that one’s own culture and way of life are superior to all others.
ethnocentricism
the component of culture that consists of activities, products, and services that are assumed to appeal primarily to members of the middle and working classes.
popular culture - pop culture