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27 Cards in this Set

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Achieved status
A social position that is attained by a person largely through his or her own efforts.
Agrarian society
The most tehnologically advanced form of preindustrial society. Members are engaged primarily in the production of food, but increase their crop yield through technological innovations such as the plow.
Ascribed status
A social position that is assigned to a person by society ithout regard or the person's unique talents or characteristics
Gemeinschaft
A close-knit community, often found in rural areas, in whcih strong personal bonds unite members.
Gesellschaft
A community, often urban, that is large and impersonal, with little commitment to the group or consensus on values.
Group
Any number of people with siilar norms, values, adn expectations who interact with one another on a regular basis.
Horticultural society
A preindustrial society in which people plant seeds and crops rather than merely subsist on available foods.
Hunting-and-gathering society
A preindustrial society in which people rely on whatever foods adn fibers are readily available in order to survive.
Industrial society
A society that depends on mehanization to produce its goods and services
Master status
A status that dominates others and thereby determines a person's general position in society.
Mechanical solidarity
A collective consciousness that emphasizes group solidarity, characteristic of societies with minimal division of labor.
Negotiated order
A social structure that derives its existence from the social interactions through which people define adn redefine its character.
Negotiation
The attempt to reach agreement with others concerning some objective.
Organic solidarity
A colle tive consciousness that rests on mutual interdependence, characteristic of societies ith a complex division of labor
Postindustrial society
A society whose economic system is engaged primarily in the processing and control of information
Postmodern society
A technologically sophisticated society that is preoccupied with consumer goods and media images.
role conflict
The situation that occurs when incompatible expectations arise from two or more social positions held by the same person
role exit
The process of disengagement from a role that is central to one's self-identity and establishment of a new role and identity.
Role strain
The difficulty that arises when the same social position imposes conflicting demands adn epetations.
Social institution
An organized pattern of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs
Social interaction
The ways in which people respond to one another
Social network
A series of social relationships that links a person directly to others, and through them indirectly to still more people.
Social role
A set of expectations for people who occupy a given social position or status
Social structure
The way in which a society is organized into predictable relationships.
Sociocultural evolution
The process of change and development in human societies that results from cumulative growth in their stores of cultural information
status
A term used used by sociologists to refer to any of the full range of socially defined positions within a large group or society
Technology
Information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human neds and desires.