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34 Cards in this Set

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Group-
people who have something in common and who believe that what they have in common is significant
society
What is the largest group?
groups
As society changes, so do the nature and types of its _______.
Transformation of societies
Hunting and gathering societies
Pastoral and horticultural societies
Agricultural societies
Industrial societies
Postindustrial (information) societies
Bioeconomic societies
Hunting and gathering societies
society

Few social divisions
Family is major unit of organization
Pastoral and horticultural societies
society

Domestication revolution
Dependable food supply
Division of labor, surplus, trade
Social stratification
Agricultural societies
society

Plow, efficiency, surplus
Cities, increased inequality
Industrial societies
society

Industrial revolution
Factory workers
Home/auto ownership
Increased equality
Postindustrial (information) societies
society

Change, technology
Individuals don’t produce anything
Social revolution
Bioeconomic societies
society

Emerging
Decoding of human genome (2001)
Cloning, bioengineering
Groups w/in society
Small groups prevent anomie
Aggregate
Category
Primary groups
Secondary groups
In-group
Out-group
Reference groups
Communities
Aggregate
temporarily share same physical space
Category
similar characteristics
Primary groups
intimate, face to face interaction, give identity
Secondary groups
larger, more anonymous, impersonal, based on interest or activity
In-group
feel loyalty towards, sense of belonging
Out-group
feel antagonism towards
Reference groups
the groups we use as standards to evaluate ourselves
Communities
sets of primary and secondary groups in which the individual carries out major life functions
highly cohesive
In ______ _________ groups, members have strong, positive attachments to each other
Social networks
Ties that extend outward from oneself, gradually encompassing more and more people
Cliques
Small world phenomenon
Electronic communities
Small world phenomenon
Our social networks connect us to larger society
Milgram experiment
Group dynamics
How groups influence us and how we influence groups
Small group
Dyad
Triad
As small group grows larger, it becomes more stable, but its intensity/intimacy decreases
More than 6 members, relationships become more complex and the group is likely to break into smaller groups

Diffusion of responsibility
The larger the group, the less likely people are to help
6
More than __ members, relationships become more complex and the group is likely to break into smaller groups
Diffusion of responsibility
The larger the group, the less likely people are to help
Leadership
Leader is someone who influences behaviors, opinions, or attitudes of others
Types of leaders
Instrumental (task-oriented) leader
Expressive (socioemotional) leader
Both types essential
Instrumental (task-oriented) leader
keep group moving toward its goals
Expressive (socioemotional) leader
increase harmony and minimize conflict in a group
Authoritarian
Democratic
Laissez-faire
What are the leadership styles? (3)
Leadership styles
Authoritarian
Democratic
Laissez-faire
Talkative, self-confident
Represent values of members
Able to lead group out of crisis
Who becomes a leader?
The power of peer pressure
Conformity
Asch experiment
Obedience
Milgram experiment
Groupthink
Groupthink
a narrowing of thought by a group of people, leading to the perception that there is only one correct answer