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28 Cards in this Set

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Sociology
the scientific study of social structure (human social behavior)
Perspective
A particular point of view
Sociological perspective
View that looks at the behavior or groups not individuals
Psychological perspective
View that looks at the behavior of individuals
Social patterns/structure
The patterened interaction of people in social relationships
Sociological Perspective
The ability of individuals to see the relationship between events in ther personal lives and events in their society----

ability to see link between society and self
Convientional social wisdom
Ideas people assume are true
Theoretical perspective
A set of assumptions about an area of study
Functionalism
A contribution made by a part of society
Manifest Functions
Intended and recongnized consequences of an aspect society
Latent Functions
Unintended and unrecongnized consequences of and aspect of society
Conflict Theory
Approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society
Dysfunction
Negative consequences of an aspect of society
Power
The ability to control the behavior of others
Symbol
Anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
Symbolic Interactionalism
The approach that focuses on the interactions amoung people based on the mutually understood symbols
Dramaturgy
Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances
Rationalization
The mind set emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning
Verstehen
Understanding social behavior by putting yourself in the place of others
Organic Solidarity
Social interdepndency based on a high degree of specialization in roles
Mechanical Solidarity
Social dependency based on a widespread consensus of values and beliefs, enforced conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
Class conflict
The ongoiing strugglebetween the bourgeoisie (owners) and the proletariat (workers)
Proletariat
Working class who labor for the bourgeoisie
Capitalist
Person who owns or controls the means of producing wealth
Bourgeoisie
Class owning the means for producing wealth
Social dynamics
The study of social change
Social Statics
The study of social stability and order
Positivism
The belied that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation in which we are positive