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33 Cards in this Set

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sociology
the scientific study of society and human behavior, social interaction and organization
Orgins of sociology
French Revolution- monarch and clergy have all the power decomocracy emerges.
Industrial Revolution- everyone went to go work in factories all moved to the city and workers had no money,few farmers, over crowding,sanitation.
Ubanization
Religous change
Growth of Science
Enlightnenment
(social coas ppl try to explain it in sociology)
KEY PLAYERS
Auguste Comte
Coined term sociology and applied scientific method to sociology
KEY PLAYERS
Claude Henri St.Simon
Conservaive theory
marxist threoy
wanted to use scientific method
Emile Durkheim
sociology as academic disipline-"rules of sociological methods"-Suicide"- though ppl who become involved in society are less likely to committ suicide-feared social ills wanted to fix
Karm Marx
was not a sociologist-a lot of his work is used in sociological theory-not a socialist dissagreed-rev. over reform workers fight for what they want
Max Weber
disagreed with Marx thought religion was the cause of social problems which was very controversal
Harriet Martineau
founding mother of sociolgy-main task was educate the public-"how to observe morals & manners"-"society in America"- translated comps. work
Jane Addams
The chicago Womans school-Hull house that gave jobs gave homes to homeless was a big social experiement-Noble Peace Prize
Marianne Weber
wrote biography on husband-German parlament-established herself in gov't and public speaking
W.E.B. DuBois
Known for NAACP-major contribution in civil rights racial theory-"The Philadelphia Negro" talked about what men looks
Sociology in North America
sociology could identify but gov't had to find a solution- The chicago school
Sociology in North America
1892
University of Chicago founded program
Social Imagination

Perspective
a way of looking at and seeing something- sociology "looks" at society
Social Imagination

C. Wright Mills
" The Socioligal Imagination""The sociological imagination [perspective] enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography"- defines history as something that happened to a larger group society-our biography is whats personal to us
Social Location
ones social location are the corners in life that ppl occupy bc of where they are located in society- how we as individuals experience the world
Sociolgical Theory

Theory
A theory is a general statement about how some parts of the world fir together and how they work
Sociological Theory

Symbolic Interactism
Micro level dealing with individual interaction. *Symbols-things to which we attach meaning.Society is composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning to communicate.
Sociological Theory

Funtionalist Perspective
Macro level-large scale communites. See society as a system of interrelated parts which share a common goal to promote equilibruim.
Manifest Functions
intentional beneficial consequenses
Latent Functions
Unintentional but still beneficial consequences
Dysfunctions
negative consequences
Sociological Theory

Conflict Theory
Macro level large scale intitutions. Say socitey is composed of groups/institutions that are competeing with one another for scarce resources
which theory would Karl Marx is the key to human history?
Class Conflict
American sociological Associations statement on ethical standards
1 Requires openness, honesty, and truth.
2. Forbids falsification of results.
3 Condemns plagiarism
4 inform participants
5 protect anonymity
6 do not misrepresent yourself
Goals of sociological research
1Description
2Explanation
3Control
4prediction
Steps of the research model
1select a topic
2define the problem
3reveiw literature
4formulate hypothesis
5choose a research method
6 collect data
7analyze results
8share
Surveys

RESEARCH METHODS
select sample( random-everyone in pop has the same chance of being included in the survey)-ask neutral ?'s- Closed/ open ended
Participant observation

RESEARCH METHODS
researcher observes or participates
Secondary Analysis

RESEARCH METHODS
Analyzing some one else's data
Documents

RESEARCH METHODS
analyzing written sources
Experiements

RESEARCH METHODS
used to determine cause(dependent) and effect(independent)-experimental vs. control groups
Unobtrusive measures

RESEARCH METHODS
observing the behavior of peopel when they don't know they are being studied