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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Sociology
The scientific study of social behavior and human groups. "study of human society"
What is sociological perspective/imagination
an awareness of the relationships between an individual and the wider society. It is based on the ability to view our own society as an outsider might, rather than from the perspetive of our limited experiences and cultural biases.
-individuals in a social context
-general in the particular
-strange in the familiar
What is a theory
set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior
What is funtionalism
Views society as an organism.
an approach that emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability.
-equilibrium, structure, functions(manifest/latent),Dysfunction
What is the difference between manifest and latent in functionalism?
-manifest means intended
-latent means unintended
What is the conflict theory?
assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups.
"soceity as a constant struggle"
What is symbolic interaction
views society as an ongoing process of social interaction
-symbols, interaction, meaning, defintions
(objects may include material things, actions, other people, relationships, and symbols)
- verbal, nonverbal
Who coined the term sociolgy? hoping the study of social behavior would eventually lead to more rational human interactions
August Comte
Who started the idea of "survival of the fittest" in order to explain how societies change or evolve over time
Herbert Spencer
Who said all history thus far is the history of class struggles
-membership in a particular gender, classification, age group, racial group, or economic class affects a persons attitudes and behavior
Karl Marx
Who did the study of bureaucracy "organization-business"
Max Weber
Who said that sociology must study "social facts"
-Empiricial study on sucicide
-Anomie "lack of purpose"
-concerned about the dangers of alienation, lonliness, and isolation might pose for modern industrial societies
-Sociology should provide direction for social change
Emile Durkheim
What is the differnce between subjective and objective
sub- is an opionion
obj- is fact
What does soc. do?
Collects data
What are three big theoretical perspectives
-Symbolic Interactionism