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13 Cards in this Set

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Absolutist View
The view that there is wiide agreement about social norms and that certain behaviors are deviant regardless of the social context in which they occur.
Anomie Theory
The view that deviance arises from the incongruences between a society's emphasis on attaining certain goals and the availabitliy of legitamate, institutionalized means of reaching those goals
Blaming the Victim
A type of reasoning that implies that social problems are caused by the people facing them.
Conflict Theory
A social theory that views conflict as inevitable and natural and as a significant cause of social change
Crime
A violation of a cirminal statutory law accompanied by a specific punishment applied by some governmental authority
Cultural Transmission Theory
The theory that a community's deviance may be transmitted to newcomers through learning and socialization
Deviance
Variation from a set or norms or shared social expectations
Differential association theory
The theory that deviance results when individuals have more contact with groups that define deviance favorable than with groups that define it unfabvorable
Differntial Reinfor cecmennt
The view that the acquisition and perisstence of either deviant or conforming behavior is a function of what behaviors ahve been rewarded or punsihed
external contorls
pressures or sanctions applied to members of society by tohers
formal eddxternal controls
formal ssytems of csocial control applied to the individual by others; examples include coursts, police and prisons
immoral view
the view that deviance is immoral and antisocial
informal external contorls
pressure applied by peers, friends, parents, and other people with whom one associates reguarly that are intended to encourage one to obey rules and conform to social expectations