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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ethnocentrism
tendancy to veiw one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
Cultural Relativism
Belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards
Cultural Universals
Common feature that are found in all human cultures
Culture
shared products of human culture. These products include physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by the group
Counter Culture
group that rejects the values, norms, and the practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns
Culture Patterns
combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole
Culture Complex
clusters of interrelated culture traits
Culture Trait
individual tool, act, or belief that is related to a particular situation or need
Subculture
group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger culture
Non-material Culture
Abstract human creations, such as languages, ideas, beliefs, rules, skills, family patterns, work practices, and political, economic systems.
Technology
knowledge and tools people use for practical purposes
Symbols
anything that stands for something else and has a shared meaning attached to it
Values
shared belief about what it good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
Norms
shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
Arapesh
gentle people
Mundugumor
fierce people
Yanomamo
fierce people, horticulturalists
George Murdock
anthropologist who found traits general to all cultures
Margaret Mead
studied the Arapesh and Mundugumor
Folkways
norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them-common customs
Mores
norms that have great moral significance attached to them
Marvin Harris
studied the people who would not slaughter cows
Chagnon
studied the Yanomamo people