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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation
The study of society based on systematic observation of social behavior
Sceintific Sociology
Information we can verify with our senses
Empirical evidence
A mental construct that represents asome part of the world in a simplified form
A procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific case
Specifying exactly what one is to measure before assigning a value to a variable
Operationalize a variable
Consistency in measurement
Actually measureing exactly what one intends to measure
A relationship in which change in one variable (the independent variable) cause change in another (the dependent variable)
Cause and effect
A variable that causes change in another (dependent) variable
Independent variable
A variable that is changed by another (independent) variable
Dependent variable
A relationship in which two (or more) variables change together
An apparent, although false, relationship between two (or more) variables caused by some other variable
Spurious correlation
Holding constant all variables except one in order to see clearly the effect of that variable
Personal neutrality in conducting research
Repetition of research by other investigators
The study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their social world
Interpretive sociology
The study of society that focuses on the need for social change
Critical sociology
The personal traits and social positions that members of society attach to being female and male
A systematic plan for conducting research
Research Method
A research method of investigating cause and effect under highly controlled conditions
An unverified statement of a relationhip between variables
A change in a subject's behavior caused simply by the awareness of being studied
Hawthorne effect
A research method in which sugbjects repond to a series of statements or questions in a questionnaire or an interview
The people who are the focus of research
A part of a population that represents the whole
A series of written questions a researcher presents to subjects
A series of questions a researcher administers in person to respondents
A research method in which investigators systematically obserce people while joining them in their routine activities
Participant observation
A research method in which a researcher uses data collected by others
Secondary Analysis
Reasoning that transforms specific observations into general theory
Inductive logical thought
Reasoning that transform general theory into specific hypothesis suitable for testing
Deductive logical thought