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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The systematic studey of human society
Sociology
The study of the larger world and our society's place in it
Global perspective
Nations with very productive economic systems in which most people have relatively high incomes
High-income countries
Nations with moderatley productive economic systems in which people's incomes are about the global average
Middle-income countries
Naitons with less productive economic systems in which most people are poor
Low-income countries
A way of understanding based on science
Positivism
A statement of how and why specific facts are related
Theory
A basic image of society that guides thinking and research
Theoretical paradigm
A framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote soidarity and sability
Structural-functional paradigm
Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
Social structure
The consequences of any social pattern for the operation of society as a whole
Social function
The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
Manifest functions
The unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern
Latent functions
Any social pattern that may distrupt the operation of society
Social dysfunction
framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
Social-conflict paradigm
A broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole
Macro-level orientation
A framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of indivduals
Symbolic
An exaggerated description applied to every person in some category
Stereotype