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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mini
a small British car popular with students
kinswoman
a female relation
diverse
various
to impress
to stamp
arms
heraldic coat of arms
warrant
a written order giving legal authority
petition
request
Desiderius Erasmus
a young man who tried to live as a monk but found he was not suited to life in a monestery. was ordained a priest, went to the University of Paris, studied the Greek and latin classics, famous for his learning, met King Henry VIII, wrote humorous books, taught school
simony
the buying and selling of church positions
nepotism
giving jobs to undeserving relatives
to scandalize
to offend by doing something thought to be wrong
indulgence
a cancellation of punishment for sins
purgatory
the place in which a person's soul was thought to suffer until all sins were punished
mortal sin
the worst kind of sin (murder)
remission
cancellation
dogma
official teachings
salvation
rescue from the consequences of sin
predestination
a belief that the fate of every person's soul was decided by God long ago
bull
an official order from the pope
vernacular
the language spoken by people in their homesq
mission
headquarters for Jesuit efforts to convert others to Catholicism
to commission
to hire for a specific purpose
baroque
an elaborate artistic style typical of 1550-1750
What was the response to the Reformation
the Church called the Council of Trent and met to fix the Catholic church and get rid of the corruption
What did the Jesuits do
they reconverted many people in Poland, Germany, Hungary, and what is now the Czech Republic
How did the Catholic church respond to this
they banned bookds that might lead Catholics to questiondogma
What was the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Catherine urged the murder of all the Protestant guests. Within hours Protestants were being hunted down and killed in towns and cities
atrocity
an extremely wicked deed
progressive
puts new ideas into practise
cottage industry
a business in which hired workers produce goods in their own homes
victor
conqueror
merchant adventure
an independant merchant who bands with others to finance business ventures
to sponsor
to pay expenses in return for part of the profits
jousting
knightly combat
what was Henry VII's first task
to destroy the powerful barons
What is the court he used called
Court of Star Chamber
Who was Henry VIII's wives in order
Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr
What happened to each of them
Catherine of Aragon(devorced), Anne Boleyn(beheaded), Jane Seymour(died after giving birth), Anne of Cleves(devorced), Catherine Howard(beheaded),Catherine Parr( outlived him)
tyrant
a person who rules without regard for others
who was Edward
Henry's son who was placed under the control of a froup of Protestant regents
how did he die
tuberculosis
who was Mary I
Henry's eldest daughter (catherine of eragon)
who was Elizabeth I
Henry's daughter by his second wife (Anne Boleyn)
regent
a person appointed to rule in place of a monarch who is too young, ill, or old to rule
tuberculosis
a disease of the lungs
Elizabethan
having to do with england during the reign of Elizabeth I
diplomacy
managing relations between nations
sea dogs
english sea captains authorized to raid Spanish ships and towns
armada
a fleet of war ships
gunnery
the art of firing cannons quickly and accuratly
maritime
having to do with the sea
courier
an attendant at a royal court
to enclose
to fence off
cottage
a house usually small
how was the spanish armada defeated
the english attacked them using new strategies, gunnery, and fire ships