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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Types of Aid
-informal-churches helping people
-mutual-people helping each other (most common)
-formal-gov't helping people
The Middle Ages
-The serfs were traditionally caved for an estates of their lords
-As people moved to the cities, the churches were a primary source of aid to those in need
-The Acts of Enclosure ing Britain helped increase the poverty and the level of need overwhelmed the churches
(let owner of land enclose thier land from others)
Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601
-administration of poor relief at the local level
-relative responsibility (parents care for their children and grown children care for their elderly parents/grandparents)
-taxing of people in each parish to pay for their own poor
-developed categories of "sturdy beggars", dependent children and "imponent Poor"
-This law set up the concepts of "worthy" and "unworthy" poor
-conditions at the workhouse were designed so that no one with any other alternative would choose it
-developed "indoor relief" (poorhouse, unworthy) and "outdoor relief" (aid in your home, such as food or fuel)
sturdy beggars
physically healthy, can get job
dependent children
impotent poor
without power, elderly, physical/mental handicap
New Poor Law of 1834 (Britain)
-Emphasis was self-reliance
-less eligibility-the aid that people received was always less than the lowest paid worker
Colonial America *
-ideas from Elizabethan Poor Law
Philosophy of US las till 1935 *
-clear gov't responsibility
Europe *
-Bismark's sickness insurance laws
-Accident insurance
-workers pensions
-Austria, Sweeden and Netherlands
America in the 1800's
-Dorothea Dix-help people with mental illnesses
-Freedman's Bureau-help freed slaves
-1851-start YMCA, YWCA, Boy Club, Jewish Centers
-1865-Salvation Army, Boy Scouts, Red Cross
CHarity orgainization Societies
-focused on individuals in poverty
-use of "friendly visitors"-high class goes to help poor
-role of social casework
-Mary Richmond-Social Diagnosis (book)
-Development of "scientific charity"-emphasism objective and factual
Settlement Houses *
-1st was Toynbee Hall in London
-most famous is Hull House in Chicago
-founded by Jane Addams ("mother of Social Work") and Ellen Gates
-set up in "slum" areas, the workers lived there among

-focused on prevention over treatment
-provided services such as English classes, health clinics, child care, sewing
-Child labor laws and institutional care of people with disabilities
Great Society/War on Poverty
-VISTA-domestic peace corps
-Upward Bound
-Head Start-help 3-6 year olds get ready for school
-Legal Services
-Job Corps-Carrer track opposed to college
America in the 1970's
-1972-SSI-availible to impoverished elderly and people with disabilities
-1975-Education for all Handicapped Children Act (now IDEA)
-1978-Indian Child Welfare Act
America in the 1990's
-1990-Americans with Disabilities Act
-1996-"Welfare reform"-AFDC was changed to TAWF as a part of PRWORA
Why do people become social workers? *
-service to others
Unfaithful Angels? book
has social work drifted from its traditional service to the most vulnerable in society?
Multicultural view
-info about different cultures is taught in the social work curriculum
-this helps social workers become aware of:
-problems faced by oppressed groups
-traditional cultural strengths
-Become aware of our own internalized discriminatory attitudes