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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Communication
The means by with people share information
Transportation
The means by which people travel
World View
The perspective with which people view the world
Caravan
People and animals traveling together to trade goods
Stirrups
Leather loops that help steer an animal and stay on it, so the hands are free to, in the case of the Mongols, fight
Lateen Sail
A triangular sail that makes sharp turns instead of having to travel in circles; they benefitted travelers and explorers
Sternpost Rudder
A device that let people steer a ship more efficiantly than before
Magnetic Compass
A device which helped sailors navigae without relying on the stars
History
The time after there were written records
Prehistory
The time before there were written records
Primary Source
An eyewitness account
Secondary Source
An account that uses more than one primary source to make a story but does not witness the event
Province
An outlying territory of a country; in Rome, provinces provided taxes and resources to Rome
Barbarian
One who is "uncivilized"; the Barbarians sacked Rome
Dynasty
Hereditary ruling by a family (i.e. Han, Gupta, Sassanid)
Oasis
A fertile place in the desert where a river or stream surfaces; in the Middle East, traders stopped there and started civilizations
Nomad
Traveling herders; in the Middle East, they had idols to store in the Kabat
Tribe
An extended family; the Quaresh protected the Kabat with the idols
Idol
A stature worshipped as a god; they were protected by the Quaresh but then tossed out by Muhammad
Pilgrimage
A religious trip to a sacred site; Muslims must make one to Mecca every year
Qur'an
The holy book of Islam; it's believed to be perfect and the word of God
Monotheism
Belief in one god
Islam
The religion believing that Allah is the only god and Muhammad is his prophet
Muslim
One who follows Islam
Mosque
A Muslim place of worship
Sunna
The complete works of the Qur'an and the Hadith (the words and deeds of Muhammad)
Caliph
A religious and political leader of Islam; there is much fighting about whether the Caliph should be a blood relative of M. or not
Council
A group of people coming together to decide something
Shi'ites
People belonging to the sect of Islam that believes a Caliph should be a blood relative of Muhammad
Sunnis
People belonging to the sect of Islam that believes that it doesn't matter who a Caliph is related to as long as he is a good leader
Commerce
Trade, both ideas and goods
Savanna
Tropical grassland that exists between the tropics; Sarungeti Plain is a hotbed of evolution due to the lava dome
Sahel
The shore of the (Sahara desert that consists of dry grassland
Delta
A place in a river where water spreads and deposits silt (i.e. Nile River, Niger River, and Ganges & Brahmaputra River)
Matrilineal
Descent from the mother's side
Patrilineal
Descent from the father's side
Migrate
A regular movement made to find food, animals, water, etc.
Gulf
A body of saltwater leading to the sea or ocean that is partially enclosed by land
Strait
A narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water
Rainforest
A hot, humid evergreen forest in the Tropics, receiving morethan 100 inches of rain a year
Massif
A large section of the Earth's crust which has been lifted as one unit
Escarpment
The steep edge of a Massif
Steppe
A semi-arid grassy plain
Plateau
A table-shaped mass of land with a high, relatively flat top
Bay
A gulf with a wide mouth that could be saltwater or freshwater