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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
NATIVE
THE FIRST PEOPLE TO LIVE HERE. BELONGING TO A PLACE BY BIRTH.
TRIBES
COMMUNITY OF NATIVE AMERICANS.
MISHOONS
WAMPANOAG WORD FOR A CANOE MADE FROM A TREE TRUNK.
WETU
A NATIVE AMERICAN CIRCLE HOUSE MADE FROM SAPLINGS,WOOD, BARK AND GRASSES.
SAPLINGS
SMALL YOUNG TREES THAT BEND.
HARVESTS
TO GATHER CROPS.
CATTAIL
PLANT THAT GROWS IN MARSHY AREAS USED FOR MATS.
CRADLEBOARD
A FRAME NATIVE AMERICANS USSED TO CARRY A BABY ON THEIR BACKS.
LONGHOUSE
A LONGER AND LARGER WETU USED BY THE NATIVE AMERICANS FOR WINTER LIVING WITH RELATIVES.
PATIENT
TO WAIT AND BE QUIET LIKE DURING HUNTING.
SINEWS
TENDONS USED AS THREAD.
TANS
TO STRETCH ANIMAL SKIN TO MAKE IT LIGHTER.
GOURD
A TYPE OF SQUASH THAT IS DRIED AND USED FOR BOWLS OR RATTLES.
RESPECT
THANKING AND TREATING SOMETHING NICELY. BEING HONORED.
SACHEM
NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBE LEADER.
WAMPUM
SMALL BEADS MADE FROM CLAM SHELLS.
COUNCIL
WISE OLDER HELPERS TO THE SACHEM.
PNIESE
GREAT WARRIOR WHO WAS PART OF THE COUNCIL AND HELPED THE SACHEM WITH DECISIONS.
TRADED
GIVE SOMETHING FOR SOMETHING IN RETURN. A BOWL OR CORNSEED FOR COPPER.
POWWOW
CELEBRATION TO SHARE FOOD, CRAFTS, SONGS AND DANCES.
MASSASOIT
THE SACHEM WHEN THE PILGRIMS CAME.
WHAT DID YOUNG BOYS AND GIRLS LEARN FROM THEIR MOTHERS?
PLANTING, WEEDING, HARVESTING AND GATHERING NUTS AND BERRIES.
WHAT DID BOYS LEARN FROM THEIR FATHERS?
HUNTING AND HOW TO MAKE STONE TOOLS.
WHAT DID OLDER GIRLS LEARN FROM THEIR MOTHERS?
FARM, WEAVE BASKETS AND MAKE CLOTHING.
PEOPLE OF THE DAWN
THEY WERE CALLED THIS BECAUSE THEY LIVED IN THE EAST.
HOW DID THE WAMPANOAGS LIVE?
FARMING, FISHING, HUNTING AND GATHERING.
WHERE DID THEY MOVE IN THE SPRING?
THEY MOVED TOWARD THE SEASHORE IN ORDER TO FISH.
WHAT CROPS DID THEY PLANT?
CORN, SQUASH AND BEANS.
WHERE DID THEY MOVE IN THE WINTER?
THEY MOVED INTO THE FOREST WHERE THEY HUNTED DEER, MOOSE, BEAR AND TURKEY.
WHAT DID THEY BELIEVE ABOUT NATURE?
THEY BELIEVED ALL PARTS OF THE NATURAL WORLD-PLANTS, ANIMALS, TREES AND ROCKS- HAD SPECIAL SPIRITS.
HOW WOULD SPIRITS BE OFFENDED?
IF THEY KILLED MORE ANIMALS THAN THEY COULD EVER USE.
WHAT HUNTERS ASK ANIMALS?
THEY ASKED ANIMALS FOR FORGIVENESS BEFORE THEY KILLED IT.
DESCRIBE THE CLOTHING OF NATIVE AMERICANS
MADE OF ANIMAL SKINS. IN COLDER WEATHER THEY WORE LEGGING OF ELK OR DEER SKIN. NOOHKIK POUCHES FOR CARRYING DRIED CORN. MOCCASINS ON THEIR FEET OUT OF DEER SKIN.
DESCRIBE THEIR FOOD
PLANTED CORN, BEANS, SQUASH, PUMPKINS, CUCUMBERS AND TOBACCO.SPRING AND SUMMER THEY FISHED AND CLAMMED. IN WINTER THEY HUNTED DEER AND BEAR.STORED FOOD IN BASKETS AND ANIMAL SKIN BAGS IN THE EARTH.
DESCRIBE HOUSES
WETU MADE OF A FRAME OF WOODED POLES AND COVERED WITH WOVEN GRASS MATS OR BARK.INSIDE WAS ALSO COVERED WITH MATS.TOP OF WETU HAD SMOKE HOLE.
DESCRIBE LEARNING
CHILDREN LEARNED LESSONS AND STORIES FROM PARENTS. THEY WERE TAUGHT RESPECT AND TO LIVE WITH NATURE.
DESCRIBE CHORES
BOYS HELPED WITH HUNTING AND FISHING. BOYS MADE BOWS AND ARROWS AND CANOES. GIRLS HELPED MOTHERS FARM, GATHER AND MAKE FOOD, MAKE CLOTHING, MAKE WETUS AND CLAY POTS.
ROLE OF THE SACHEM
TRIBE LEADER WHOSE JOB IT WAS TO KEEP THE COMMUNITY HAPPY. IN CHARGE OF THE RESOURCES AND THE TRIBES LAND. HAD HELPERS CALLED THE COUNCIL OR THE MEDICINE MAN.
EUROPEAN INFLUENCE ON THE NATIVE AMERICAN?
BROUGHT DISEASES THAT MADE THEM SICK. TOOK THEIR LANDS. SOLD THEM INTO SLAVERY. THEY BROUGHT OVER METALS FOR TRADING WHICH HELPED THE NATIVES.