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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Summarize the over-all history of the Dred Scott case
-1857
-Faught for his rights as a citizen
-Future Impact- Congress cannot pass laws limiting slavery in the western territories.
Summarize the over-all history of the Plessy v. Ferguson case
-Homer Plessy
-Sat in a white section of a train
-Arrested because he would not move
Summarize the over-all history of the Brown v. Board case
-Linda Brown of Topeka, Kansas
-Had to walk 1 mile to and from school
-Seperate but Equal
What is the history of Gideon v. Wainwright?
-Accused of breaking and entering
-Couldn't afford a lawyer
-Court appointed the 14th Amendment (due process)
What is the history of Miranda v. Arizona? What are these rights now called?
-Suspect of kidnapping, rape case
-Was not told he had the right to remain silent
-Was not read his legal rights
*Miranda Rights
What is the backround of the Griswold v. Connecticut case about?
-Illegally gave instructions to pregnant woman (and their husbands/married couples)
-ß The Court announced the Connecticut law unconstitutional under the First, Third, Fourth (privacy in your home), Fifth, and Ninth Amendments
What is the backround of the Roe v. Wade case about?
-Pregnant, wanted an Abortion
-Abortion was illegal in Texas
-Protected by 14th Amendment
13th Amendment
Abolishment of Slavery
14th Amendment
Rights of citizens; privileges and immunities, due process, equal protection
15th Amendment
Extension of suffrage to balck men (African American men can vote)
The Judicial Branch is Article ___ of the Constitution
III
What is the purpose of the Judicial Branch?
To interpret laws of the Constitution
How long is the term of a Supreme Court Justice?
Forever, unless death occurs, or they want to give up the position
What is the highest court in the land?
The Supreme Court
What is the definition of Treason?
No person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
Define "Corruption of Blood"
Corruption of Blood means punishing the family of a person who has committed treason. It is forbidden by the Constitution.
What kinds of cases are found in Federal courts?
-Cases that require an interpretation of the Constitution.
-Cases involving the United States, a state, or its citizens.
-Case involving federal laws and treaties.
-Cases that concern a citizen of a foreign nation.
What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789?
established the federal court system, the federal district courts, and the Office of the Attorney General.