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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Abolition
favoring the abolition of slavery by passing laws; people who supported this were called "abolitionists".
Amendment
an addition or change to the Const.
Electoral College
method of electing the prez. and vp. Electors are chosen fromt a state and cast the votes for the state. Number of electors is dependent on number of Senators + House members.
Judicial Review
power of the Supreme court to declare laws of Congress unconstitutional; ex of checks and balances; established by Supreme Court decision Marbury vs. Madison
Marbury Vs. Madison
Established the idea of judicial review
Monroe Doctrine
declared the Western Hemisphere was off limits to European colonization (Europe had to stay out of N. and S. America-no more colonies)
Plessy Vs. Ferguson
Supreme Court decision that established "separate but equal." (this made segregation okay as long as white and black facilites were equal in quality)
Tariff
tax on imported goods *goods that come in from other countries)
3/5 compromise
clause in the Constitution counting every five slaves as three people in order to determine population. This was imporant becaus your state population determined the number of representatives your state would have in Congress.
Treaty of Paris
treaty that ended the American Revolution and gave the colonists independence.
Articles of Confederation
the charter of the first national gov. It gave more power to state gov. than to the national gov. (strong state gov./weak national gov.)
Aztecs
one of the first great empires of ancient America in central and southern Mexico between 1200-1400 AD
Bill of Rights
amendments 1-10; guarantees basic rights to US citizens (speech, press, religion)
checks and balances
the national gov. power is dividd between the three branches. No branch can be more powerful than the others.
congress
legislative body of the national gov. made up of the senate and the house of reps. They make the laws.