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175 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of ancient peoples
archaeology
earliest Americans' way of life
nomadic hunters
a highly developed society
civilization
pictures that represent words
hieroglyphics
built stone pyramids
Maya
invented the cotton gin
Eli Whitney
Dictator of Mexico
Santa Anna
Era of Good Feelings
Monroe
Tribe who avoided removal
Seminoles
Claimed Texas as home
Tejanos
Sauk Chief
Black Hawk
President Panic of 1837
Martin VanBuren
Legitimate Cherokee Chief
John Ross
How Texas was added
Annex
Died in Office
Harrison
Indian territory is in what State?
Oklahoma
Removed the Cherokee
Andrew Jackson
The border that Americans wanted
Rio Grande
Supreme Court case to allow Cherokees
Worcester v. Georgia
Expansion and President
John Polk
Reason Texas took over 9 years to become a state
slavery
Allow Jackson to use military to enforce laws
Force Bill
Treaty for CA and New Mexico
Guadouloupe Hidalgo
54 40 or fight for this territory
Oregon
Jackson lost his first election because of
Corrupt bargain
Legitimate Cherokee chief
John Ross
A part of the country who refused to pay Tariff of 1828
South
Last purchase to finish continental US
Gadspen Purchase
Texas' commander
Sam Houston
Treaty to get Florida
Adams-Onis Treaty
Jackson's political party
Democratics
Jackson's Vice President
John C. Calhoun
Replace federal works with his friends
Spoil system
Idea that we needed to spread to pacific coast
Manifest Destiny
President during acquisition of Texas
Polk
Was california a slave state or free state?
Free state
Indian Territory is located in?
Oklahmoma
Who led the majority of the Cherokee
John Ross
4,000 died on this trail
Trail of Tears
Election of 1824 was decided by
House of Representatives
Name of the deal that won Adam's his election?
Corrupt Bargain between Adams and Clay
State that passed Nullification Act?
South Carolina
State that Cherokee sued?
Georgia
Jackson's response to the Nullification Act?
Force Bill
Vice President who encouraged State's rights?
John C. Calhoun
He received the most electoral and popular votes in election of 1824
Jackson
Election of 1824 was decided by?
House of Representatives
Name of the deal that won Adam's his election?
Corrupt Bargain between Adams and Clay
State that passed Nullifcation Act?
South Carolina
State that Cerokee sued?
Georgia
Jackson's response to the Nullification Act?
Force Bill
Vice President who encouraged State's rights?
John C. Calhoun
He received the most electoral and popular votes in election of 1824?
Jackson
Secretary of State in 1824
hENRY cLAY
wON ELECTION OF 1824?
John Quincy Adams
Southern name for Tariff of 1818?
Tariff of Abomination
Who are civilian soldiers?
Militia
Bank President
Nicholas Biddle
1st president to take over because of death?
John Tyler
Franklins unifying plan?
Albany Plan of Union
Chief Justice is ruled in favor of the Cherokees?
John Marshall
First Written Constitution in US
Fundamentals Orders of Connecticut
Whig Party's campaign for?
Log cabin campaign
Tax on all printed materials?
Stamp Act
Tribe to successfully blocked their removal?
Seminoiles
Washington's first fort?
Fort Necessity
Replacing government with winning supporters?
Spoils System
An attempt to ruin opponent's reputation?
Mudslinging
This state threatened to secede because of the Tariff of 1828
South Carolina
John Tyler became president because?
President Harrison died
Congress passed this act in order to relocate Native Americans?
Indian Removal Act
Why did the Democratic Republic Party split in the election of 1818?
to support Jackson or Adams
What job did Henry Clay receive after helping Adams win the election of 1824?
Secretary of State
What section of the country refused to pay the tariff of 1828
the South
The corrupt bargain got who the job of present?
John Quincy Adams
had a matrilineal society
Iroquois
broad platforms cut into slopes
terraces
great stone dwellings
pueblo
society rules by religious leaders
theocracy
movement of a large number of people
migration
What Colony goes with:

Catholics
Maryland
What Colony goes with:

Quakers
Pennsylvania
What Colony goes with:

Debtors
Georgia
What Colony goes with:

Separatists
Plymouth
What Colony goes with:

Puritans
Maryland
What Government goes with the Connecticut Colony?
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
What Government goes with the Rhode Island Colony?
Representative Government
What Government goes with the Plymouth Colony?
Mayflower Compact
What Government goes with the Jamestown Colony?
House of Burgesses
What Government goes with the New York Colony?
Proprietary Colony
This leader goes with what colony?

Calvert Family
Maryland
This leader goes with what colony?

John Smith
Jamestown
This leader goes with what colony?

George Carteret
New Jersey
This leader goes with what colony?

William Bradford
Plymouth
This leader goes with what colony?

Thomas Hooker
Connecticut
All of the people on the Mayflower were Pilgrims
false
Most of the colonists in Maryland were Catholics
false
We still have parts of Dutch Heritgage here in Albany
true
The Spanish had the best relationship with the Native Americans
false
James Oglethorpe was the leader of Georgia
true
Massachusetts Bay Colony practiced religious toleration
false
Quakers were pacifists
true
New Jersey was a huge financial success in the colonial period
false
New York and PA farmers grew cash crops
true
Most of the German immigrants who came to America during the colonial period settled in what is now New York
false
To make money from trade, England neededto export more goods than it imported.
true
The first public education law was passed in PA
false
The French and Indian War was between France and Native Americans
F
The Navigation Acts angered the colonits because they restricted trade
true
All free men could vote for colonial goverment
false
Early people were able to settle the Americas because of what geographic element?
Beringia
The discovery of ??? turned nomands into farmers?
maize
What do archaeologists do to find out how old an artifact is?
carbon dating
Civilizations include all of the following except?
calendar system
Mayan priests' interest in Astronomy led to the creation of
a 365 day calendar
The capital of the Aztec Empire was?
Tenochititlan
The Maya and Aztec organized their society around?
religion
These early Ohio people built huge mound burial grounds?
Hopewell
Proobably the last people that crossed the land bridge to North America were?
The Intuits
Which of the following groups settled first on an island?
The Aztec
Among the Iroquois, women had the right to?
choose council members
Many scientists believe that the first humans came to America from?
Asia
Quechua and Quipus were used by what civiliation?
Inca
Hernan Cortez ended which Meso American Civilization?
Aztec
Which group depended heavily on Salmon fishing?
Northwest Tribes
In which ways were the the Mayans, Aztecs and Incas similar?
they created well organized societies
The Iroquois were characterized by their
democratic practices in some governmental activities
One reason why groups of Native Americans often developed different cultures was that each group?
adapted to their environment in a different way
Earthen Mounds created by the Hopewell were for:
burial grounds
What theme of geography deals with how humans effect the environment?
human environmental interation
What primary source would provide the most accurate information about pre-Columbia Indians?
artifacts left by Indians
Culture is?
religious of a group;
food of a group;
clothing of a group
Would pottery from the 1400's be considered artifacts?
yes
Would present day textbook be considered artifacts?
no
The Anasazi built cliff dwellings to:
protect themselves from ground animals
Who were the first Indians that Columbus encountered?
Tainos
In 1001 Viking sailors were led by:
Leif Erikson
Where did tomatoes come from:
Americas
France's most important economic activity in North America was
fur trading
The economic activity that kept Jamestown successful was:
gold
New York was originally a ???? settlement?
Spanish
Which colony was not created for religious freedom?
Connecticut
He was the Governor of New Amsterdam that was in charge when the English took over?
Peter Minuet
William Penn received his land because?
he won a bet
The group which ha the best relationship with the Native Americans were the?
French
The First written Constitution in US history was?
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The first US townn planner was?
William Penn
Who led the Georgia colony?
James Oglethorpe
Most of the original 13 colonies were created for?
Religious freedom
He was banished from Massachusetts and started Rhode Island
Roger Williams
Separatists wanted to?
leave the Protestant church and form their own church
Puritans wanted to?
reform the Anglican Church
Spanish missions were set along what coast?
Pacific
The type of farming practicied in New England was
subsistance
The type of farming practiced in New York was
cash crop
How did England view its North American colonies?
as an economic resource
What proposal sought to unite the American colonies against the French?
Albany Plan of Union
The Seven Years' War was a war between
France and Britain
Which leader recognized that British settlers threatened the Native Americans' way of life?
Pontiac
The hub of the shipping trade in North America was in
New England
Labor for the Southern rice fields was provided by:
Enslaved Africans
What theory holds that a national's power depended on its wealth
mercantilism
What plan called for one general government for all the American colonies?
Albany Plan of Union
The Treat of Paris marked the end of power in North America for:
France
Which man changed Britain's fortune in the war with France?
William Pitt
The leg of the triangular trade route in which enslaved Africans were shipped to the West Indies was down as the
Middle Passage
Three letter word that means same as law?
ACT
What is the purpose of merchantilism?
make a profit for as many people as possible, especially the mother country
How does a mother country make money?
By selling manufactured goods to her colonies and also to other countries
Who was the French and Indian War fought between?
British and French
Who won French and Indian War?
French
What was the French and Indian War fought over?
Ohio River Valley
The first tax imposed on colonists after the French and Indian War was what?
Stamp Act
Who protested the Stamp Act and what was the group called that he organaged?
Sam Adams
Sons of Liberty
Where did Sam Adams live?
Boston