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38 Cards in this Set

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Protestant Reformation1
Religious upheaval in Europe begun by Martin Luther in 1517 to protest corruption in the Roman Catholic Church
Pilgrims
-Settlers that came to the Americas in search of religious freedom, made friendships with the Native Americans, and started the practice of “Thanksgiving”
Separatists
- Radical English Puritans who broke with the Church of England
Mayflower Compact
Document that established Plymouth Colony as a self-governing colony based on the majority rule of male church members
Columbian Exchange
- Transfer of people, ideas, plants, animals, and diseases among the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa; initiated by Columbus’s voyages
Charter
- Legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
Burgess
the assembly of representatives in colonial Virginia.
Puritans
- Were Protestants that wanted to purify the church of England and of all of the Catholic traditions
George Whitefield
preached to congregations in the large settlements from Georgia to New England.
William Penn
Was a peaceful Quaker, that started the state of Pennsylvania where he hoped that people could live together peacefully even though they were from different nations and of different nationalities.
George Washington
First president of the United States and the commander of the continental army
French and Indian War
- A territorial conflict between France and Great Britain over Native American lands in which France lost most of its North American holdings
Ben Franklin
was on the committee to draft Declaration of Independence and was a diplomat to France.
Treaty of Paris
- Agreement signed by Great Britain and the U.S. granting the U.S. independence, territory and fishing rights
New France
- Was the province west of the 13 colonies, this land was later bought by the United States from France, and later expanded on this land.
New Netherlands
- The Dutch had ownership to this land, NYC prior to the English and gave it up with out even a battle. This was huge because now NYC is the biggest city in America.
New Spain
- Was the Province around Mexico and also into the southern United States. Colonists took charge and created a local government since they were so far away from their homeland.
Townshend Acts
law made by parliament of britain, placed taxes on any goods that were imported tothe colonies
Sons of Liberty
John Adams, Samue Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington
Boston Massacre
two bostonians died, a way for the colonists to show that the brits shouldnt be there
Boston Tea Party
a boycott that the colonists in MA started against tea imported into boston harbor, they revolted and dumped 900,000 lbs of tea into the harbor
Intolerable Acts
laws that were established to punish the massachussets residents, also used it to enforce control over colonies
First Continental Congress
started in 1774 when delegages from all the colonies gatherd in phili to discuss their thoughts about loyalty to the brits
Shot Heard Around The World
the battle of con. and lex.
The Continental army
an army of colonists that was set up in order to fight the British, it was led by George Washington, small but successful compared to the british army
Patriots Vs. Loyalists
patriots- wanted a revolution from britain
loyalists- sided with the british
British Army
-very strong compared to the continental army, outnumbered them 3-1 at certain points- main general was General Howe
Thomas Paine
published a pamphlet called common sense in january of 1776, which urged for a revolution against britain

"everything that is rught or reasonable pleads for seperation... 'TIS TIME TO PART!"
The Decleration of Independence
jefferson was apointed to do this, his job was to get people to support independence from the king of england
General Howe
commanding general of the british army during the american rev
Benedict Arnold
American General that was bribed into joining forces with the brits, gave away info to them
Lexington and Concord
where we live, the first battle of the american revolution, great success, used guerrila warfare
Fort Ticonderoga
famous battle in upstate new york, important to the colonists because they got allsorts of ammo and weapons from the siezed fort, led by Ethan Allen a sneak attack
Battle of Bunkerhill
series of battle around boston, colonists won two battles, and on one of them the ammo arrived from fort tinconderoga and forced the brits to retreat out of the area
Battle of Saratoga
got assistance from the french, they took out the british because they did not know that they were going to have to go through lakes and rivers
Battle of Yorktown
general cornwallis came in and tried to take out the cont. army and then the french cornered them from behind andn the army attacked them from land
Articles of Confederation
first government of the u.s. unsuccessufl but a start in the right direction, could only ask for money and soldeirs from the states and not demand, also needed to pay off money from the war and started printing their own money and caused inflation
NW ordinance of 1787
congress's ordinance to govern the land west of the app. mtns and east of the miss. river had to have 60,000 people in an area to start a state, the states were state governing but still had the civil rights that people living in the colonies had