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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is a map projection?
a way of drawing the Earth on a flat surface
What is Geography?
The study of people, their environments and their resources
What is history?
What has happened in the lives of different people
What is Latitude?
Measure of the distance NORTH and SOUTH from the Equator
What is Longitude?
Measure of the distance EAST and WEST from the Prime Meridian
What is irrigation?
to bring water to dry soil
What are the 5 themes of Geography?
1. location
2. place
3. interaction between people and their environment
4. movement
5. region
The position of one city in relation to another is an example of
a. relative location
b. exact location
relative location
The theme of PLACE involves 2 kinds of features. What are they?
1. physical features

2. human features
The HUMAN FEATURES of a place include 5 things. What are they?
1. climate
2. soil
3. plant life
4. animal life
5. bodies of water
Irrigating land to grow crops is one example of which theme?
Interaction between people and their environment
Movement as a theme includes the movement of 3 different things. What are they?
1. movement of people

2. movement of goods

3. movement of ideas
What is a REGION?
An area of the world that has similar physical or cultural characteristics
Describe a MOUNTAIN
high, steep, rugged land
What is a PLAIN?
broad area of fairly level land
What is a TRIBUTARY?
a stream or smaller river that flows into a larger river
What is CLIMATE?
average weather of a place over 20 to 30 years
Describe TROPICAL weather
Name 2 TROPICAL areas:
Southern Florida
Name the 10 Climate Regions
1. Marine
2. Mediterranean
3. Highland
4. Steppe
5. Desert
6. Humid Continental
7. Humid Subtropical
8. Tropical
9. Tundra
10. Subarctic
Describe the TUNDRA climate
cold all year
Where is the TUNDRA climate?
north and west coast of Alaska
Describe the SUBARCTIC climate
short summers
long, cold winters
Where is the SUBARCTIC climate?
Describe the MARINE climate
warm summers
cool winters
Where is the MARINE climate?
strip of land from southern Alaska to northern California
Describe the MEDITERRANEAN climate
mild, wet winters
hot, dry summers
Where is the MEDITERRANEAN climate?
California to Mexico
Where is the DESERT climate?
land east of the Cascades and Sierra Nevada
Describe the STEPPE climate
hot summers
cold winters
little rain
Where is the STEPPE climate?
Great Plains and east of Rocky Mountains
Describe the HUMID CONTINENTAL climate
mild summers
cold winters
more rain than in steppe areas
Where is the HUMID CONTINENTAL climate?
from North and South Dakota, North of Tennesse to the Northeast Coast of the US
Describe the HUMID SUBTROPICAL climate?
humid summers
mild winters
Where is the HUMID SUBTROPICAL climate?
Southeastern US
Describe the HIGHLAND climate?
cooler temperatures
conditions vary by altitude
Where is the HIGHLAND climate?
In the Cascades, Sierra Nevadas and Rocky Mountains
Give an example of how the 5 themes of Geography help historians to understand the past.

1. region
2. movement
3. interaction
4. place
5. location
region - similar language (or climate, culture)

movement - how people got there (following resources)

interaction - how people used the land (irrigation)

place - climate helps understand the past

location- where it is (near water? near transportation?)
Name 2 kinds of map projections.
1. Mercator projection

2. Robinson Projection
Why is the world divided into standard time zones?
to make it easier to tell time around the world
What are the 4 basic land forms?
1. mountains
2. hills
3. plains
4. plateaus
Name the 8 major physical regions of the United States:
1. Pacific Coast
2. Intermountain
3. Rocky Mountains
4. Interior Plains
5. Appalachian Mountains
6. Coastal Plains
7. Canadian Shield
8. Hawaii
How many time zones are there?
The equator divides the earth into:
the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres
The Prime Meridian divides the earth into two hemispheres called the ____
The Eastern and the Western Hemispheres
Standard time is measured from where?
the Prime Meridian
Where is the Prime Meridian located?
in Greenwich, England
How many degrees are in each time zone?
15 degrees
How many different TYPES of maps are there?
What does a political map show?
boundaries that divide countries and states
What does a physical map show?
natural features like mountains and rivers
What does a population map show?
how many people live in various city and rural areas
What does an economic map show?
how people make a living in an area
What does a natural resource map show?
helps you understand the links between the resources inan area and the way people use the land
What are 2 aspects of climate?
1. precipitation
2. temperature
What are 5 things that affect climate?
1. closeness to the equator
2. altitude
3. ocean currents
4. wind currents
5. mountains
What is altitude?
height above sea level
How do geographers describe the exact location of a place?
use degrees of longitude and latitude
what is an isthmus
a narrow strip of land
what is relief?
difference in height of land
What is a tributary?
a branch of a river
What are the 2 parts of the Coastal Plains?
1. the Atlantic Plain
2. the Gulf Plain
Where does the Atlantic Plain run?
1. between the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean
What is the most important river system in the United States?
Missouri and the Mississippi rivers
What are landstat maps?
maps taken fo the Earth by the first satellite
What are two useful tools of geography?
maps and globes